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Autumn Oczkowski et al.
Ecological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America, 24(3), 457-466 (2014-05-20)
Coastal ecologists and managers have frequently used nitrogen stable isotopes (delta15N) to trace and monitor sources of anthropogenic nitrogen (N) in coastal ecosystems. However, the interpretation of delta15N data can often be challenging, as the isotope values fractionate substantially due
Rahul Banerjee et al.
Nature, 518(7539), 431-434 (2015-01-22)
Methane monooxygenase (MMO) catalyses the O2-dependent conversion of methane to methanol in methanotrophic bacteria, thereby preventing the atmospheric egress of approximately one billion tons of this potent greenhouse gas annually. The key reaction cycle intermediate of the soluble form of
J Rivera-Utrilla et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 187(1-3), 1-23 (2011-02-11)
The main objective of this study was to list and compare the advantages and disadvantages of different methodologies to modify the surface of activated carbons (ACs) for their application as adsorbents to remove organic and inorganic pollutants from aqueous phase.
K Suresh Kumar Reddy et al.
Environmental technology, 35(1-4), 18-26 (2014-03-08)
The presence of elemental mercury in wellhead natural gas is an important industrial problem, since even low levels of mercury can damage cryogenic aluminium heat exchangers and other plant equipment. Mercury present in the natural gas stream will also dramatically
Meng Zhang et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 195, 84-90 (2014-09-10)
Biochars from nitrogen-rich biomaterials (i.e., α-amylase, chitin and zein) were produced at different temperatures (i.e. 170, 250, 350 and 450 °C) and characterized, and their sorption for phenanthrene, naphthalene and 1-naphthol was investigated. The organic carbon content normalized-sorption coefficient (Koc) of
Nan Xu et al.
Gene, 554(2), 140-147 (2014-12-03)
Lactobacillus casei LC2W is a recently isolated probiotic lactic acid bacterial strain, which is widely used in the dairy and pharmaceutical industries and in clinical medicine. The first genome-scale metabolic model for L. casei, composed of 846 genes, 969 metabolic
Flavia Vischi Winck et al.
Journal of proteomics, 94, 207-218 (2013-10-15)
Understanding the processes and mechanisms of carbon acquisition and accumulation in microalgae is fundamental to enhance the cellular capabilities aimed to environmental and industrial applications. The "omics" approaches have greatly contributed to expanding the knowledge on these carbon-related cellular responses
Deivasigamani Ranjith Kumar et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(7), 5059-5069 (2014-04-25)
Iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles are prepared by nucleation method using oleylamine (OLA) as the capping agent. The OLA capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles (OLA-Fe3O4) are characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopic (HRTEM)
Chi-Jung Su et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(6), 4201-4206 (2014-04-18)
Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) have wide applications in energy storage devices, electrically conducting composites, selective adsorbents, and catalyst supports. Catalytic chemical vapor deposition was carried out in this work to synthesize CNFs at mild temperatures of 700 and 800 degrees C.
M C Ledbetter et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 84(1), 85-88 (1987-01-01)
Cluster ions containing 50, 100, or 200 water molecules and one proton are accelerated to over 275 kV and impacted on thin carbon films on which tobacco mosaic virus has been dispersed. After bombardment the films are examined with a
T Takahashi
Critical reviews in therapeutic drug carrier systems, 2(3), 245-274 (1986-01-01)
Based on a lipid-absorbing ability of lymphatic capillaries, a fat emulsion containing anticancer agents was applied to selectively deliver more increasing amounts of anticancer agents into regional lymph nodes. The emulsions, in which the drug solution is contained as the
Farhana Mohamed et al.
Water environment research : a research publication of the Water Environment Federation, 86(7), 594-605 (2014-08-13)
This research study was undertaken to enhance the efficiency and economy of carbon scrubbers in controlling odors and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) at the wastewater collection and treatment facilities of the Bureau of Sanitation, City of Los Angeles. The butane
Isaac Ayodele Ololade et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 187(1), 4170-4170 (2014-12-01)
Chlorobenzoic acids represent crucial recalcitrant metabolites in the environment; thus, the influence of soil components on the sorption of 2,4,6-trichlorobenzoic acid (TCB) under oxic and anoxic conditions was studied. The surficial physiognomies of untreated and isolated soil samples were studied
Tate E Barrett et al.
Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995), 64(8), 917-926 (2014-09-05)
Rural and background sites provide valuable information on the concentration and optical properties of organic, elemental, and water-soluble organic carbon (OC, EC, and WSOC), which are relevant for understanding the climate forcing potential of regional atmospheric aerosols. To quantify climate-
Remote sensing. Carbon-mapping satellite will monitor plants' faint glow.
Eric Hand
Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6189), 1211-1212 (2014-06-14)
Michael C Dietze et al.
Annual review of plant biology, 65, 667-687 (2013-11-28)
Nonstructural carbon (NSC) provides the carbon and energy for plant growth and survival. In woody plants, fundamental questions about NSC remain unresolved: Is NSC storage an active or passive process? Do older NSC reserves remain accessible to the plant? How
Timothy H Tran et al.
Nature, 518(7537), 120-124 (2014-11-11)
Biotin-dependent carboxylases are widely distributed in nature and have important functions in the metabolism of fatty acids, amino acids, carbohydrates, cholesterol and other compounds. Defective mutations in several of these enzymes have been linked to serious metabolic diseases in humans
Suhas et al.
Bioresource technology, 98(12), 2301-2312 (2006-10-24)
The present review compiles the work done over the last few decades on the use of lignin and lignin-based chars and activated carbons as adsorbents for the removal of substances from water and focuses on the utilisation of lignin as
Kimberly T Barrett et al.
Nature, 509(7498), 71-75 (2014-04-22)
One of the most well-recognized stereogenic elements in a chiral molecule is an sp(3)-hybridized carbon atom that is connected to four different substituents. Axes of chirality can also exist about bonds with hindered barriers of rotation; molecules containing such axes
Tek Long Chan et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 19(47), 15802-15814 (2013-10-30)
Transition-metal-free cross-coupling reactions have been a hot topic in recent years. With the aid of a radical initiator, a number of unactivated arene C-H bonds can be directly arylated/functionalized by using aryl halides through homolytic aromatic substitution. Commercially available or
Mattias Johansson et al.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 106(12), doi:10-doi:10 (2014-11-08)
The etiology of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is only partially understood, but a metabolic component appears likely. We investigated biomarkers of one-carbon metabolism and RCC onset and survival. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) recruited 385747 participants
J Locker et al.
Letters in applied microbiology, 59(6), 636-641 (2014-09-03)
This proof-of-concept study explores the novel use of carbon-based electrodes for the electrochemical generation of hypochlorite and compares the antimicrobial efficacy against commercial hypochlorite solution. Antimicrobial concentrations of hypochlorite were generated using pad-printed carbon and carbon fibre electrodes, yielding up
Murugesh Padmanarayana et al.
Biochemistry, 53(30), 5023-5033 (2014-07-08)
Otoferlin is a transmembrane protein consisting of six C2 domains, proposed to act as a calcium sensor for exocytosis. Although otoferlin is believed to bind calcium and lipids, the lipid specificity and identity of the calcium binding domains are controversial.
National Academy of Sciences report--an evaluation of activated carbon for drinking water treatment.
I H Suffet
Journal of environmental pathology, toxicology and oncology : official organ of the International Society for Environmental Toxicology and Cancer, 7(7-8), 9-32 (1987-09-01)
Gregory R Wagner et al.
Molecular cell, 54(1), 5-16 (2014-04-15)
Cellular proteins are decorated with a wide range of acetyl and other acyl modifications. Many studies have demonstrated regulation of site-specific acetylation by acetyltransferases and deacetylases. Acylation is emerging as a new type of lysine modification, but less is known
Govindasamy Chandrasekar et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(6), 4683-4691 (2014-04-18)
Mesoporous AISBA-15 with different n(Si)/n(Al) ratios (45, 136 and 215) in the powder (P) form were synthesized by hydrothermal technique. The powder materials were shaped into cylindrical extrudates (Ex) by compounding with additives such as bentonite (binder) and methylcellulose (plasticizer).
Activated carbon and blood perfusion: a critical review.
J D Andrade et al.
Proceedings of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association. European Dialysis and Transplant Association, 9(0), 290-302 (1972-01-01)
Ivar Zekker et al.
Environmental technology, 35(9-12), 1565-1576 (2014-04-08)
Maintaining stability of low concentration (< 1 g L(-1)) floccular biomass in the nitritation-anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process in the sequencing batch reactor (SBR) system for the treatment of high COD (> 15,000 mg O2 L(-1)) to N (1680 mg
P Sensai et al.
Environmental technology, 35(17-20), 2569-2574 (2014-08-26)
Anaerobic co-digestion of high solids containing distillers grains and swine manure (total solids, 27 +/- 2% and 18 +/- 2%, respectively) was evaluated in this study to assess the effect of C/N ratio and organic loading rate (OLR). Feed mixture
Wang Qi et al.
Journal of water and health, 12(4), 736-746 (2014-12-05)
The presence of organic compounds in water sources is one of the concerns in water treatment. They are potential precursors of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) and thus induce health problems in humans. Among the emerging DBPs, carcinogenic compound N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) has
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