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" within Papeles
C K Oh et al.
European respiratory review : an official journal of the European Respiratory Society, 19(115), 46-54 (2010-10-20)
Asthma is a complex, persistent, inflammatory disease characterised by airway hyperresponsiveness in association with airway inflammation. Studies suggest that regular use of high-dose inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting bronchodilators or omalizumab (a humanised monoclonal antibody that binds to immunoglobulin E and...
E M Coccia et al.
International immunology, 12(7), 977-985 (2000-07-06)
NO is a labile radical involved in several immunological, antimicrobial and inflammatory processes. In macrophages, NO formation is catalyzed by the cytokine-inducible enzyme inducible NO synthase (iNOS). The importance of IFN regulatory factor (IRF)-1 and of the signal transducers and...
Alberto Mantovani et al.
Trends in immunology, 25(12), 677-686 (2004-11-09)
Plasticity and functional polarization are hallmarks of the mononuclear phagocyte system. Here we review emerging key properties of different forms of macrophage activation and polarization (M1, M2a, M2b, M2c), which represent extremes of a continuum. In particular, recent evidence suggests...
Jane Gilmour et al.
Immunology, 124(4), 437-444 (2008-05-16)
The mechanism of differentiation of naïve T cells to a variety of effector lineages, but particularly to T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 cells, has been the subject of intense scrutiny over the past two decades. Studies have revealed...
H Jiang et al.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 105(6 Pt 1), 1063-1070 (2000-06-16)
In the past several years, extensive studies on the mechanisms underlying IL-4 and IL-13 signaling have enabled us to gain insight into how these cytokines regulate immune responses. Because both IL-4 and IL-13 use the IL-4Ralpha as a receptor component...
M Stein et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 176(1), 287-292 (1992-07-01)
Expression of the macrophage mannose receptor is inhibited by interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), a T helper type 1 (Th-1)-derived lymphokine. Interleukin 4 (IL-4), a Th-2 lymphocyte product, upregulates major histocompatibility class II antigen expression but inhibits inflammatory cytokine production by macrophages....
Allison D Fryer et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 116(1), 228-236 (2005-12-24)
Eosinophils cluster around airway nerves in patients with fatal asthma and in antigen-challenged animals. Activated eosinophils release major basic protein, which blocks inhibitory M2 muscarinic receptors (M2Rs) on nerves, increasing acetylcholine release and potentiating vagally mediated bronchoconstriction. We tested whether...
Hao-Wei Wang et al.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.), 9(24), 4824-4835 (2010-12-15)
Although macrophages were originally recognized as major immune effector cells, it is now appreciated that they also play many important roles in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis, and are involved in a variety of pathological conditions including cancer. Several studies...