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Yukihiro Nakabayashi et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 17(45), 30570-30576 (2015-11-03)
It has been believed that photocatalytic oxidation in water proceeds with the reaction of OH radicals generated on the photocatalysts. To explore the actual contribution of OH radicals to photocatalytic oxidation, OH radicals were detected by fluorescence probe method in
Jennifer A Martin et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(19), 4637-4647 (2014-06-02)
The first-known aptamer for the stress biomarker cortisol was selected using a tunable stringency magnetic bead selection strategy. The capture DNA probe immobilized on the beads was systematically lengthened to increase the number of bases bound to the complementary pool
Rokhsana Yasmin et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(9), 2950-2959 (2014-03-04)
Lyophilization was investigated to produce a powdery silica-lipid hybrid (SLH) carrier for oral delivery of poorly water-soluble drugs. The silica to lipid ratio, incorporation of cryoprotectant, and lipid loading level were investigated as performance indicators for lyophilized SLH carriers. Celecoxib
M Argun et al.
Eye (London, England), 28(6), 752-760 (2014-03-08)
Under conditions of oxidative stress, cell apoptosis is triggered through the mitochondrial intrinsic pathway. Increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are linked to excess cell loss and mediate the initiation of apoptosis in a diverse range of cell types.
Marcos Tascon et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(13), 3637-3645 (2015-03-10)
The use of algae as a foodstuff is rapidly expanding worldwide from the East Asian countries, where they are also used for medical care. Harmala alkaloids (HAlk) are a family of bioactive compounds found in the extracts of some plants
Dietmar Reusch et al.
mAbs, 7(1), 167-179 (2014-12-20)
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) crystallizable fragment (Fc) glycosylation is crucial for antibody effector functions, such as antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, and for their pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics behavior. To monitor the Fc-glycosylation in bioprocess development, as well as product characterization and release analytics
Davy Baudelet et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 986-987, 35-43 (2015-02-24)
The P2X receptors are seven-transmembrane domain G protein-coupled receptors and the 7 subtypes of P2X receptors identified in humans, and named P2X1 to P2X7, are channel receptors whose endogenous ligand is ATP. New antagonists of the P2X7 receptor were developed
Lucy G Chastain et al.
Behavioural brain research, 280, 160-171 (2014-12-03)
Schizophrenia is thought to be caused, at least in part, by dysfunction in striatal dopamine neurotransmission. Both clinical studies and animal research have implicated the dopamine neuromodulator neurotensin (NT) in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Utilizing male mice lacking the NT
Rui Cheng et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 54(5), 3400-3409 (2013-04-25)
Without therapeutic intervention, corneal neovascularization rapidly compromises visual acuity, and is a leading cause of blindness. Artesunate was reported to inhibit angiogenesis in tumors, although, the effects of artesunate on nontumor angiogenesis have not been investigated. This study was designed
Pamela Maher et al.
Neurochemical research, 40(3), 609-620 (2015-01-07)
There is growing evidence for alterations in iron homeostasis during aging that are exacerbated in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. However, since essentially all neurodegenerative diseases are multi-factorial in the sense that there are a large number of mechanisms
Seokyung Kang et al.
ACS nano, 9(10), 9678-9690 (2015-09-09)
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been extensively studied for photothermal cancer therapy because AuNPs can generate heat upon near-infrared irradiation. However, improving their tumor-targeting efficiency and optimizing the nanoparticle size for maximizing the photothermal effect remain challenging. We demonstrate that mesenchymal
Ali Es-Haghi et al.
Talanta, 128, 231-236 (2014-07-26)
Sol-gel based solid-phase microextraction fibers supported by a stainless steel wire were fabricated and employed for GC-MS determination of oxadiargyl in real samples. The fibers were based on four compounds with different polarity: polar and non-polar (end-capped) poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), polyethylene
Venkata V V R Marada et al.
Pharmacological research, 91, 78-87 (2014-12-08)
The ability of an antineoplastic drug to exert its cytostatic effect depends largely on the balance between its uptake into and extrusion from the cancer cells. ATP driven efflux transporter proteins drive the export of antineoplastic drugs and play a
Quan Chi et al.
Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence, 30(7), 990-995 (2015-02-03)
The chemiluminescence (CL) of lucigenin (Luc(2+)) can be enhanced by different alcohols in alkaline solution. The effect of different fatty alcohols on the CL of lucigenin was related to the carbon chain length and the number of hydroxyl groups. Glycerol
Kevin H-C Wei et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(52), 18793-18798 (2014-12-17)
Tandemly repeating satellite DNA elements in heterochromatin occupy a substantial portion of many eukaryotic genomes. Although often characterized as genomic parasites deleterious to the host, they also can be crucial for essential processes such as chromosome segregation. Adding to their
Andrew N Bankston et al.
Bio-protocol, 7(13) (2017-09-05)
Cdk5 activity is regulated by the amounts of two activator proteins, p35 and p39 (Tsai et al., 1994; Zheng et al., 1998; Humbert et al., 2000). The p35-Cdk5 and p39-Cdk5 complexes have differing sensitivity to salt and detergent concentrations (Hisanaga
Julie K Klint et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 88(6), 1002-1010 (2015-10-03)
Many spider-venom peptides are known to modulate the activity of the voltage-gated sodium (NaV) subtype 1.7 (NaV1.7) channel, which has emerged as a promising analgesic target. In particular, a class of spider-venom peptides (NaSpTx1) has been found to potently inhibit
Mathieu André et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(2), 388-397 (2014-11-05)
In the development of our melanoma-selective delivery approach, three preselected conjugates of 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine (IUdR) to the ICF01012 melanoma-carrier were radiolabelled with iodine-125, and their in vivo distribution profile was determined. A radioiodination method for the conjugate 1a and its PEGylated
Valdeir Arantes et al.
Biotechnology for biofuels, 7, 87-87 (2014-07-01)
There is still considerable debate regarding the actual mechanism by which a "cellulase mixture" deconstructs cellulosic materials, with accessibility to the substrate at the microscopic level being one of the major restrictions that limits fast, complete cellulose hydrolysis. In the
Melissa A Donaldson et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(52), 18472-18477 (2014-12-17)
Nitrous acid (HONO) is an important hydroxyl (OH) radical source that is formed on both ground and aerosol surfaces in the well-mixed boundary layer. Recent studies report the release of HONO from nonacidic soils, although it is unclear how soil
Sindhuri Maddineni et al.
AAPS PharmSciTech, 16(2), 444-454 (2014-11-02)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of processing variables and formulation factors on the characteristics of hot-melt extrudates containing a copolymer (Kollidon® VA 64). Nifedipine was used as a model drug in all of the
L E Barney et al.
Integrative biology : quantitative biosciences from nano to macro, 7(2), 198-212 (2014-12-30)
Breast cancer preferentially spreads to the bone, brain, liver, and lung. The clinical patterns of this tissue-specific spread (tropism) cannot be explained by blood flow alone, yet our understanding of what mediates tropism to these physically and chemically diverse tissues
Ruth Cohen et al.
Cancer research, 74(20), 5700-5710 (2014-08-26)
Tubulysins are highly toxic tubulin-targeting agents with a narrow therapeutic window that are interesting for application in antibody-drug conjugates (ADC). For full control over drug-antibody ratio (DAR) and the effect thereof on pharmacokinetics and tumor targeting, a dual-labeling approach was
Hai-Bo He et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1361, 23-33 (2014-08-31)
This paper reports a nanomagnetic polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS)-directing strategy toward construction of molecularly imprinted hybrid materials for antibiotic residues determination in milk samples. The imprinted polymeric layer was facilely obtained through the copolymerization of active vinyl groups present on
Céline D Dürst et al.
Nature protocols, 14(5), 1401-1424 (2019-04-17)
The strength of an excitatory synapse depends on its ability to release glutamate and on the density of postsynaptic receptors. Genetically encoded glutamate indicators (GEGIs) allow eavesdropping on synaptic transmission at the level of cleft glutamate to investigate properties of
Keisuke Ikegami et al.
Endocrinology, 156(2), 647-659 (2014-11-19)
In temperate zones, animals restrict breeding to specific seasons to maximize the survival of their offspring. Birds have evolved highly sophisticated mechanisms of seasonal regulation, and their testicular mass can change 100-fold within a few weeks. Recent studies on Japanese
Yasuhiro Horita et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(6), 3168-3176 (2014-03-26)
Predicting drug-drug interactions (DDIs) related to cytochrome P450 (CYP), such as CYP3A4 and one of the major drug transporters, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), is crucial in the development of future chemotherapeutic regimens to treat tuberculosis (TB) and TB/AIDS coinfection cases. We evaluated
Kun Peng et al.
mAbs, 6(6), 1500-1508 (2014-12-09)
RG7652 is a human immunoglobulin 1 (IgG1) monoclonal antibody (mAb) targeting proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and is designed for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. A target-binding enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to measure RG7652 levels in human serum
Eun-Hee Shim et al.
Cancer discovery, 4(11), 1290-1298 (2014-09-04)
Through unbiased metabolomics, we identified elevations of the metabolite 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). 2HG can inhibit 2-oxoglutaratre (2-OG)-dependent dioxygenases that mediate epigenetic events, including DNA and histone demethylation. 2HG accumulation, specifically the d enantiomer, can result from
Chen Wang et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 36(12), 1451-1461 (2015-11-26)
Neferine is an isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from seed embryos of Nelumbo nucifera (Gaertn), which has a variety of biological activities. In this study we examined the effects of neferine on Kv4.3 channels, a major contributor to the transient outward current
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