[3H]MRS 1754, a selective antagonist radioligand for A(2B) adenosine receptors.

Biochemical pharmacology (2001-03-27)
X Ji, Y C Kim, D G Ahern, J Linden, K A Jacobson

MRS 1754 [N-(4-cyanophenyl)-2-[4-(2,3,6,7-tetrahydro-2,6-dioxo-1,3-dipropyl-1H-purin-8-yl)-phenoxy]acetamide] is a selective antagonist ligand of A(2B) adenosine receptors. This is the least well-defined adenosine receptor subtype, and A(2B) antagonists have potential as antiasthmatic drugs. For use as a radioligand, MRS 1754, a p-cyanoanilide xanthine derivative, was tritiated on the propyl groups in a two-step reaction using a p-carboxamido precursor, which was dehydrated to the cyano species using trifluoroacetic anhydride. [3H]MRS 1754 (150 Ci/mmol) bound to recombinant human A(2B) adenosine receptors in membranes of stably transfected HEK-293 cells. Specific binding was saturable, competitive, and followed a one-site model, with a K(D) value of 1.13 +/- 0.12 nM and a B(max) value of 10.9 +/- 0.6 pmol/mg protein. Specific binding utilizing 0.7 nM [3H]MRS 1754 was > 70% of total binding. The affinity calculated from association and dissociation binding constants was 1.22 nM (N = 4). Binding to membranes expressing rat and human A(1) and A(3) adenosine receptors was not significant, and binding in membranes of HEK-293 cells expressing human A(2A) receptors was of low affinity (K(D) > 50 nM). The effects of cations and chelators were explored. Specific binding was constant over a pH range of 4.5 to 6.5, with reduced binding at higher pH. The pharmacological profile in competition experiments with [3H]MRS 1754 was consistent with the structure-activity relationship for agonists and antagonists at A(2B) receptors. The K(i) values of XAC (xanthine amine congener) and CPX (8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine) were 16 and 55 nM, respectively. NECA (5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine) competed for [3H]MRS 1754 binding with a K(i) of 570 nM, similar to its potency in functional assays. Thus, [3H]MRS 1754 is suitable as a selective, high-affinity radioligand for A(2B) receptors.

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MRS 1754 hydrate, ≥98% (HPLC), solid

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