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Probiotic Supplementation in a Clostridium difficile-Infected Gastrointestinal Model Is Associated with Restoring Metabolic Function of Microbiota.

Microorganisms (2020-01-08)
Mohd Baasir Gaisawat, Chad W MacPherson, Julien Tremblay, Amanda Piano, Michèle M Iskandar, Thomas A Tompkins, Stan Kubow
RESUMEN

Clostridium (C.) difficile-infection (CDI), a nosocomial gastrointestinal disorder, is of growing concern due to its rapid rise in recent years. Antibiotic therapy of CDI is associated with disrupted metabolic function and altered gut microbiota. The use of probiotics as an adjunct is being studied extensively due to their potential to modulate metabolic functions and the gut microbiota. In the present study, we assessed the ability of several single strain probiotics and a probiotic mixture to change the metabolic functions of normal and C. difficile-infected fecal samples. The production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and ammonia was measured, and changes in microbial composition were assessed by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The C. difficile-infection in fecal samples resulted in a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in SCFA and H2S production, with a lower microbial alpha diversity. All probiotic treatments were associated with significantly increased (p < 0.05) levels of SCFAs and restored H2S levels. Probiotics showed no effect on microbial composition of either normal or C. difficile-infected fecal samples. These findings indicate that probiotics may be useful to improve the metabolic dysregulation associated with C. difficile infection.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Iron(III) chloride, reagent grade, 97%
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Ammonium sulfate, for molecular biology, ≥99.0%
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α-Amylase from porcine pancreas, Type VI-B, ≥5 units/mg solid
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Sodium salicylate, ReagentPlus®, ≥99.5%
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Pepsin from porcine gastric mucosa, powder, ≥400 units/mg protein
BRAND® 96-well microplate, U-bottom, round bottom, non-sterile