Enzymatic saccharification of banana peel and sequential fermentation of the reducing sugars to produce lactic acid.

Bioprocess and biosystems engineering (2019-11-05)
María Aurora Martínez-Trujillo, Karina Bautista-Rangel, Mayola García-Rivero, Abigail Martínez-Estrada, Martín R Cruz-Díaz

An integral bioprocess to produce lactic acid (LA) from banana peel (BP) was studied. Oxidases produced by Trametes versicolor and hydrolases produced by Aspergillus flavipes and Aspergillus niger saccharified BP at optimal conditions: 230 rpm, 66 g/L BP, and 73.5% (v/v) of enzymatic crude extract (using equal quantities of the enzymatic extracts). At bioreactor scale (1 L), the joint action of oxidases and hydrolases released 18 g/L of reducing sugars (RS) after 24 h (60% corresponded to glucose), consuming the BP polysaccharides. Lactobacillus delbrueckii fermented the released RS, producing 10 g/L of LA; while in the sequential fermentation (inoculating L. delbrueckii after saccharification), 28 g/L of LA were produced, observing an apparent decrease in feedback inhibition of hydrolases below 1.5 g/L of RS. This process is susceptible for upscaling to produce high LA concentrations and represents a platform to utilize agroindustrial wastes to obtain value-added products.

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Glucose (HK) Assay Kit, sufficient for 20 assays