All Photos(1)

W248908

Sigma-Aldrich

Furfural

≥98%, FCC, FG

Synonym(s):
2-Furaldehyde, Furan-2-carboxaldehyde
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H4O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
96.08
FEMA Number:
2489
Beilstein:
105755
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
2014
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
13.018
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher

agency

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FCC
FDA 21 CFR 117
FDA 21 CFR 175.105

vapor density

3.31 (vs air)

vapor pressure

13.5 mmHg ( 55 °C)

assay

≥98%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

599 °F

expl. lim.

19.3 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.525 (lit.)

bp

162 °C (lit.)

mp

−36 °C (lit.)

density

1.16 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Organoleptic

almond; baked; bread; woody; sweet

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)c1ccco1

InChI

1S/C5H4O2/c6-4-5-2-1-3-7-5/h1-4H

InChI key

HYBBIBNJHNGZAN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

136.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

58 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Arvind H Jadhav et al.
Bioresource technology, 132, 342-350 (2013-02-26)
Acidity modified silver exchanged silicotungstic acid (AgSTA) catalyst was prepared and characterized by X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, FT-IR pyridine adsorption, SEM imaging, EDX mapping, and antimicrobial activity was also tested. The catalytic activity was evaluated for the dehydration
Jianghua He et al.
ChemSusChem, 6(1), 61-64 (2012-12-12)
It's nano: Small and uniform chromium nanoparticles, either preformed or generated in situ, effectively catalyze the conversion of glucose into 5-hydroxymethyl furfural. The results compare favorably with those achieved by using a catalyst system based on divalent CrCl(2) in ionic
Lilong Zhou et al.
Bioresource technology, 129, 450-455 (2012-12-26)
A new kind of bifunctional ionic liquid catalysts was synthesized to degrade microcrystalline cellulose in [BMIM]Cl at atmospheric pressure. The effects of reaction temperature, amount of catalysts, reaction time, ionic liquid purity and cellulose concentration on conversion were investigated. At
Tim Ståhlberg et al.
ChemSusChem, 4(4), 451-458 (2011-01-29)
The synthesis of 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) in ionic liquids is a field that has grown rapidly in recent years. Unique dissolving properties for crude biomass in combination with a high selectivity for HMF formation from hexose sugars make ionic liquids attractive
Vinit Choudhary et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 135(10), 3997-4006 (2013-02-26)
5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) and levulinic acid production from glucose in a cascade of reactions using a Lewis acid (CrCl3) catalyst together with a Brønsted acid (HCl) catalyst in aqueous media is investigated. It is shown that CrCl3 is an active Lewis

Protocols

HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express Phenyl-Hexyl as listed in ASTM method D5837-99

Separation of 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde; Furfuryl alcohol; Furfural; 2-Furyl methyl ketone; 5-Methyl-2-furaldehyde

HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express C18

HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express C18

GC Analysis of Fermentation Compounds on a Packed Column (6.6% Carbowax® 20M on 80/120 Carbopack™ B AW)

Separation of Acetone; Acetic acid; Propionic acid; Ethyl butyrate; Ethanol; Isoamyl acetate; Isobutyric acid; 3-Methyl-2-butanol; Methyl acetate; 1-Propanol; Acetal, ≥98%, FG; 2-Methyl-1-pentanol; Butyl acetate; Ethyl propionate; 3-Pentanol; 2-Pentanol, 98%; Ethyl isobutyrate; Isobutyl acetate; Acetaldehyde; Furfural; Butyric acid; Methanol; Ethyl acetate

GC Analysis of Volatiles in Roasted Coffee Beans on Omegawax® after SPME using a 50/30 µm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber

-Cymene; 2,5-Dimethylpyrrole; Acetoin, ≥96%, FCC, FG; 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine; 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine; 2-Ethylpyrazine, ≥98%, FG; 2,3-Dimethylpyrazine; 4-Heptanone; 3-Ethylpyridine; 2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine; Furfural; Pyrrole; Furfuryl acetate; Linalool; Linalyl acetate; 5-Methylfurfural; γ-Butyrolactone; 2-Acetyl-1-methylpyrrole; Furfuryl alcohol; 2-Acetylpyrrole; Pyrrole-2-carboxaldehyde

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