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analytical standard

2-Furaldehyde, Furan-2-carboxaldehyde
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


analytical standard

vapor density

3.31 (vs air)

vapor pressure

13.5 mmHg ( 55 °C)


≥98.5% (GC)

autoignition temp.

599 °F

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

expl. lim.

19.3 %


≤0.5% water

refractive index

n20/D 1.522-1.528
n20/D 1.525 (lit.)


162 °C (lit.)


−36 °C (lit.)


1.16 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)


cleaning products
flavors and fragrances
food and beverages
personal care



SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

Furfural is a furan derivative obtained from renewable biomass-derived carbohydrates.


Furfural is a sustainable alternative for petroleum-based building blocks used in the production of fine chemicals, plastics, etc and also offers a promising, rich platform for lignocellulosic biofuels.

Signal Word


Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids



Flash Point(F)

136.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

58 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Sofia Tallarico et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 250, 119367-119367 (2021-01-06)
Chemocatalytic conversion of cellulose into lactic acid is a valuable alternative to simple sugar fermentation. Nevertheless, the procedures still need optimization to be translated to the industrial scale. Such translation would benefit by on-line monitoring of reaction parameters by fast
Production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and furfural by dehydration of biomass-derived mono-and poly-saccharides.
Chheda JN, et al.
Green Chemistry, 9(4), 342-350 (2007)
Jean-Paul Lange et al.
ChemSusChem, 5(1), 150-166 (2012-01-04)
Furfural offers a promising, rich platform for lignocellulosic biofuels. These include methylfuran and methyltetrahydrofuran, valerate esters, ethylfurfuryl and ethyltetrahydrofurfuryl ethers as well as various C(10)-C(15) coupling products. The various production routes are critically reviewed, and the needs for improvements are
T B Adams et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 35(8), 739-751 (1997-08-01)
The Expert Panel of the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers' Association (FEMA) has assessed the safety of furfural for its continued use as a flavour ingredient. The safety assessment takes into account the current scientific information on exposure, metabolism, pharmacokinetics, toxicology
Reetta Karinen et al.
ChemSusChem, 4(8), 1002-1016 (2011-07-06)
Furfurals are important intermediates in the chemical industry. They are typically produced by homogeneous catalysis in aqueous solutions. However, heterogeneously catalyzed processes would be beneficial in view of the principles of green chemistry: the elimination of homogeneous mineral acids makes


HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express Phenyl-Hexyl as listed in ASTM method D5837-99

Separation of 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde; Furfuryl alcohol; Furfural; 2-Furyl methyl ketone; 5-Methyl-2-furaldehyde

HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express C18

HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express C18

GC Analysis of Fermentation Compounds on a Packed Column (6.6% Carbowax® 20M on 80/120 Carbopack™ B AW)

Separation of Acetone; Acetic acid; Propionic acid; Ethyl butyrate; Ethanol; Isoamyl acetate; Isobutyric acid; 3-Methyl-2-butanol; Methyl acetate; 1-Propanol; Acetal, ≥98%, FG; 2-Methyl-1-pentanol; Butyl acetate; Ethyl propionate; 3-Pentanol; 2-Pentanol, 98%; Ethyl isobutyrate; Isobutyl acetate; Acetaldehyde; Furfural; Butyric acid; Methanol; Ethyl acetate

GC Analysis of Volatiles in Roasted Coffee Beans on Omegawax® after SPME using a 50/30 µm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber

-Cymene; 2,5-Dimethylpyrrole; Acetoin, ≥96%, FCC, FG; 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine; 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine; 2-Ethylpyrazine, ≥98%, FG; 2,3-Dimethylpyrazine; 4-Heptanone; 3-Ethylpyridine; 2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine; Furfural; Pyrrole; Furfuryl acetate; Linalool; Linalyl acetate; 5-Methylfurfural; γ-Butyrolactone; 2-Acetyl-1-methylpyrrole; Furfuryl alcohol; 2-Acetylpyrrole; Pyrrole-2-carboxaldehyde

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