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270997

Sigma-Aldrich

Dichloromethane

anhydrous, ≥99.8%, contains 40-150 ppm amylene as stabilizer

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Synonym(s):
DCM, Methylene chloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CH2Cl2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
84.93
Beilstein:
1730800
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

anhydrous

Quality Level

Agency

suitable for EPA 1613

vapor density

2.9 (vs air)

vapor pressure

24.45 psi ( 55 °C)
6.83 psi ( 20 °C)
6.86 psi ( 20 °C)

Assay

≥99.8%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

1223 °F

contains

40-150 ppm amylene as stabilizer

expl. lim.

22 %

technique(s)

gas chromatography (GC): suitable

impurities

≤0.001% water
≤0.005% water (100 mL pkg)

evapn. residue

<0.0005%

refractive index

n20/D 1.424 (lit.)

bp

39.8-40 °C (lit.)

mp

−95 °C (lit.)

density

1.325 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

ClCCl

InChI

1S/CH2Cl2/c2-1-3/h1H2

InChI key

YMWUJEATGCHHMB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
4392233485624233-M
Dichloromethane anhydrous, &#8805;99.8%, contains 40-150&#160;ppm amylene as stabilizer

Sigma-Aldrich

270997

Dichloromethane

Dichloromethane suitable for HPLC, &#8805;99.9%, contains 40-150&#160;ppm amylene as stabilizer

Sigma-Aldrich

439223

Dichloromethane

Dichloromethane suitable for HPLC, &#8805;99.8%, contains amylene as stabilizer

Sigma-Aldrich

34856

Dichloromethane

Dichloromethane puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph.&nbsp;Eur., NF, &#8805;99% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

24233-M

Dichloromethane

vapor density

2.9 (vs air)

vapor density

2.9 (vs air)

vapor density

2.9 (vs air)

vapor density

2.9 (vs air)

vapor pressure

24.45 psi ( 55 °C), 6.83 psi ( 20 °C), 6.86 psi ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

24.45 psi ( 55 °C), 6.83 psi ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

24.45 psi ( 55 °C), 6.83 psi ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

24.45 psi ( 55 °C), 6.83 psi ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8%

assay

≥99.9%

assay

≥99.8%

assay

≥99% (GC)

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

1223 °F

autoignition temp.

1223 °F

autoignition temp.

1223 °F

autoignition temp.

1223 °F

General description

Dichloromethane has been tested as a solvent medium for the dipyridine-chromium(VI) oxide. Solubility was reported to be 12.5g/100ml. Role of quantity of TiO2 loading on activated carbon support employed in the photodecomposition of dichloromethane has been investigated.
Dichloromethane is a chlorinated organic solvent that is susceptible to degradation with time. This can be suppressed by adding amylene as a stabilizer.

Application

Dichloromethane has been used for the quantification of herbivore (gypsy moth) induced blueberry volatiles by gas chromatography (GC).
Dichloromethane may be used as a solvent for the oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols using dipyridine-chromium(VI) oxide. Lithium perchlorate suspended in DCM is an effective medium for Mukaiyama aldol reactions of aldehydes with silyl ketene acetal. DCM may also be used as solvent for the synthesis of 2-bromo-6-lithiopyridine from 2,6-dibromopyridine via lithium-bromine exchange reaction.

Pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

does not flash

Flash Point(C)

does not flash

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Regulatory Listings

Regulatory Listings are mainly provided for chemical products. Only limited information can be provided here for non-chemical products. No entry means none of the components are listed. It is the user’s obligation to ensure the safe and legal use of the product.

EU REACH Annex XVII (Restriction List)

CAS No.

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Cesar R Rodriguez-Saona
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (58)(58), doi:10-doi:10 (2012-01-05)
Herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) are commonly emitted from plants after herbivore attack. These HIPVs are mainly regulated by the defensive plant hormone jasmonic acid (JA) and its volatile derivative methyl jasmonate (MeJA). Over the past 3 decades researchers have documented
Carbon-carbon bond formation catalyzed by lithium perchlorate in dichloromethane
Reetz MT & Fox DN
Tetrahedron Letters, 34(7), 1119-1122 (1993)
Efficient Preparation of 2-Bromo-6-lithiopyridine via Lithium? Bromine Exchange in Dichloromethane
Peterson MA & Mitchell JR
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 62(23), 8237-8239 (1997)
Effect of activated carbon content in TiO2-loaded activated carbon on photodegradation behaviors of dichloromethane.
Torimoto T, et al.
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 103(1), 153-157 (1997)
Dipyridine-chromium (VI) oxide oxidation of alcohols in dichloromethane.
Collins JC, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 9(30), 3363-3366 (1968)

Articles

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