Merck
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32213-M

Sigma-Aldrich

Methanol

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.8% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Methyl alcohol
Linear Formula:
CH3OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
32.04
Beilstein:
1098229
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Agency

USP/NF
reag. ISO
reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

1.11 (vs air)

vapor pressure

410 mmHg ( 50 °C)
97.68 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

725 °F

expl. lim.

36 %

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

≤0.00005% free alkali (as NH3)
≤0.0001% formaldehyde
≤0.00025% KMnO4 red. matter (as O)
≤0.0005% non-volatile matter
≤0.001% acetaldehyde
≤0.001% acetone (GC)
≤0.05% water (Karl Fischer)
≤0.1% ethanol (GC)

refractive index

n20/D 1.329 (lit.)

bp

64.7 °C (lit.)

mp

−98 °C (lit.)

density

0.791 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤1 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤0.50 ppm
B: ≤0.02 ppm
Ba: ≤0.10 ppm
Bi: ≤0.10 ppm
Ca: ≤0.50 ppm
Cd: ≤0.05 ppm
Co: ≤0.02 ppm
Cr: ≤0.02 ppm
Cu: ≤0.01 ppm
Fe: ≤0.10 ppm
K: ≤0.50 ppm
Li: ≤0.10 ppm
Mg: ≤0.10 ppm
Mn: ≤0.01 ppm
Mo: ≤0.10 ppm
Na: ≤0.50 ppm
Ni: ≤0.02 ppm
Pb: ≤0.02 ppm
Sn: ≤0.10 ppm
Sr: ≤0.10 ppm
Zn: ≤0.10 ppm

SMILES string

CO

InChI

1S/CH4O/c1-2/h2H,1H3

InChI key

OKKJLVBELUTLKV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Thermochemical conversion of methanol to C2-C10 hydrocarbons in the presence of shape-selective zeolites has been reported. Its oxidation on Ru-Pt catalyst system by ruthenium ad-atoms has been proposed.
Methanol is an organic solvent that can be synthesized from syngas in the presence of CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts. It is an ideal candidate as a hydrogen source in fuel cell technology due to its high H/C ratio, low propensity for soot generation, relatively low reforming temperature and as it exists in liquid state at room temperature. In a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), methanol undergoes oxidation with air to generate electricity. The olefins (ethylene or propylene) formed from methanol via MTO (methanol-to-olefins) process, can be an alternate to oil and gas to produce hydrocarbon fuels.

Application

Methanol was used in the following studies:
  • Colony forming unit-fibroblast assay of bone marrow mononuclear cells.
  • As solvent for the preparation of extracts of hyphae of Aspergillus for the estimation of gliotoxin by reversed phase-HPLC.
  • Immunofluorescence studies.

Packaging

In PE-bottles; also available Glass-bottles (Material no. ending with *-GL)

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Flam. Liq. 2 - STOT SE 1

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

49.5 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

9.7 °C - closed cup


Regulatory Listings

Regulatory Listings are mainly provided for chemical products. Only limited information can be provided here for non-chemical products. No entry means none of the components are listed. It is the user’s obligation to ensure the safe and legal use of the product.

EU REACH Annex XVII (Restriction List)

CAS No.

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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