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Ammonium formate

eluent additive for LC-MS, LiChropur, ≥99.0%

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Synonym(s):
Formic acid ammonium salt
Linear Formula:
HCO2NH4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
63.06
Beilstein:
3625095
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39021903
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NB.21

grade

eluent additive for LC-MS

Quality Level

description

anionic

Assay

≥99.0% (calc. on dry substance, NT)
≥99.0%

form

crystals

quality

LiChropur

technique(s)

LC/MS: suitable

impurities

insoluble matter, passes filter test
<2% water

ign. residue (900 °C)

<0.1% (as SO4)

pH

5.5-7.5 (25 °C, 1 M in H2O)

mp

119-121 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

density

1.26 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤50 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤1 mg/kg
As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤1 mg/kg
Co: ≤1 mg/kg
Cr: ≤1 mg/kg
Cu: ≤1 mg/kg
Fe: ≤1 mg/kg
K: ≤5 mg/kg
Li: ≤1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤1 mg/kg
Mo: ≤1 mg/kg
Na: ≤5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤1 mg/kg
Pb: ≤1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤1 mg/kg

λ

1 M in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.01
λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.01

SMILES string

N.OC=O

InChI

1S/CH2O2.H3N/c2-1-3;/h1H,(H,2,3);1H3

InChI key

VZTDIZULWFCMLS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Ammonium formate is the ammonium salt of formic acid. It is readily available, is stable and nontoxic in nature. It can be used in conjugation with Palladium on carbon (Pd-C) or Raney-Nickel catalysts.

Application

Ammonium formate has been used as buffer solution during LC-MS/MS analysis for screening of drugs and exogenous compounds. It may be used as a catalytic hydrogen transfer agent in reduction of aliphatic and aromatic nitro compounds.
Ammonium formate has been used in the separation of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and of oligosaccharide mixtures using capillary electrochromatography. It is also used in the analysis of phosphatidylserines, triacylglycerols and triacylglycerol oxidation products, and oligogalacturonic acids using HPLC and HPLC-MS methods.
Ammonium formate has been used as buffer solution during LC-MS/MS analysis for screening of drugs and exogenous compounds. It may be used as a catalytic hydrogen transfer agent in reduction of aliphatic and aromatic nitro compounds.

Legal Information

LiChropur is a trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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