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C3175

Sigma-Aldrich

Chloramphenicol-Water Soluble

powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

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Synonym(s):
Chloramphenicol, Chlornitromycin, Chlorocid, Chloromycetin, Cloramfenicol, D-(−)-threo-2-Dichloroacetamido-1-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3-propanediol, D-(−)-threo-2,2-Dichloro-N-[β-hydroxy-α-(hydroxymethyl)-β-(4-nitrophenyl)ethyl]acetamide, Chloromycetin, D-threo-2,2-Dichloro-N-[β-hydroxy-α-(hydroxymethyl)-4-nitrophenethyl]aceta, Kloramfenikol
NACRES:
NA.76

product line

BioReagent

form

powder

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

solubility

H2O: 50-500 mg/mL (stock solution)
PBS: 50-500 mg/mL (stock solution)
other salt solutions: not recommended

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria
mycobacteria
mycoplasma

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

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This Item
R4408PHR1412C1919
Sigma-Aldrich

Sigma-Aldrich

R4408

Chloramphenicol

-
Supelco

Supelco

PHR1412

Chloramphenicol

-
Chloramphenicol BioReagent, suitable for plant cell culture

Sigma-Aldrich

C1919

Chloramphenicol

Essential+ Grade
form

powder

form

solution

form

-

form

powder

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

cell culture | plant: suitable

solubility

H2O: 50-500 mg/mL (stock solution), PBS: 50-500 mg/mL (stock solution), other salt solutions: not recommended

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

ethanol: 50 mg/mL

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, mycobacteria, mycoplasma

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria

antibiotic activity spectrum

-

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, mycobacteria, mycoplasma

mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

mode of action

-

mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

Application

Chloramphenicol-Water Soluble has been used:

  • as a supplement in Luria-Bertani (LB) medium to culture Escherichia coli
  • as a supplement in LB agar to culture Citrobacter rodentium
  • to culture Toxoplasma gondii

Biochem/physiol Actions

Chloramphenicol is a natural product found in Streptomyces venezuelae. It shows a broad range of antibiotic activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria by binding to the peptidyl transferase loop of the ribosomal RNA to block the peptide bond formation.

Packaging

Package size based on chloramphenicol

Other Notes

Formulated to contain approx. 100 mg chloramphenicol per gram of powder; balance 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin.
Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Light sensitive. Keep in a dry place.

Pictograms

CorrosionHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Repr. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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25G
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Chloramphenicol VETRANAL®, analytical standard

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Chloramphenicol

Chloramphenicol palmitate United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

USP

1107300

Chloramphenicol palmitate

A Chatzitakis et al.
Water research, 42(1-2), 386-394 (2007-08-19)
The photocatalytic degradation of Chloramphenicol, an antibiotic drug, has been investigated in aqueous heterogeneous solutions containing n-type oxide semiconductors as photocatalysts. The disappearance of the organic molecule follows approximately a pseudo-first-order kinetics according to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. It was observed
D H Burke et al.
Chemistry & biology, 4(11), 833-843 (1998-01-31)
The problem of how macromolecules adopt specific shapes to recognize small molecules in their environment is readily addressed through in vitro selections (the SELEX protocol). RNA-antibiotic interactions are particularly attractive systems for study because they provide an opportunity to expand
Jaap C Hanekamp et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 39(1), 213-220 (2014-12-22)
The antibiotic chloramphenicol (CAP) is banned from food production. Besides being a medicinal product, CAP is also a natural product, produced by Streptomyces Venezuelae. The lack of scientific data hampers setting of an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI). Consequently, a maximum
Valerie F Crepin et al.
Nature protocols, 11(10), 1851-1876 (2016-09-09)
Infection of mice with Citrobacter rodentium is a robust model to study bacterial pathogenesis, mucosal immunology, the health benefits of probiotics and the role of the microbiota during infection. C. rodentium was first isolated by Barthold from an outbreak of
Taru Hilander et al.
Nucleic acids research, 46(2), 849-860 (2017-12-12)
Accuracy of protein synthesis is enabled by the selection of amino acids for tRNA charging by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs), and further enhanced by the proofreading functions of some of these enzymes for eliminating tRNAs mischarged with noncognate amino acids. Mouse

Articles

Antibiotic kill curve is a dose response experiment in which mammalian cells are subjected to increasing amounts of selection antibiotic

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