Merck
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H0654

Sigma-Aldrich

Hygromycin B solution from Streptomyces hygroscopicus

≥60% (HPLC), 45-60 mg/mL in H2O

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H37N3O13
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
527.52
Beilstein:
6755837
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.85

Quality Level

biological source

Streptomyces hygroscopicus

sterility

0.22 μm filtered

assay

≥60% (HPLC)

concentration

45-60 mg/mL in H2O

color

brown-yellow
light orange to dark orange
light yellow to dark yellow

antibiotic activity spectrum

viruses

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CN[C@H]1C[C@@H](N)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O[C@@H]2O[C@H](CO)[C@H](O)[C@@H]3OC4(O[C@H]([C@H](N)CO)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4O)O[C@H]23)[C@@H]1O

InChI

1S/C20H37N3O13/c1-23-7-2-5(21)9(26)15(10(7)27)33-19-17-16(11(28)8(4-25)32-19)35-20(36-17)18(31)13(30)12(29)14(34-20)6(22)3-24/h5-19,23-31H,2-4,21-22H2,1H3/t5-,6-,7+,8-,9+,10-,11+,12-,13+,14-,15-,16+,17+,18-,19+,20+/m1/s1

InChI key

GRRNUXAQVGOGFE-XKIAHZFYSA-N

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General description

Chemical structure: aminoglycoside

Application

Hygromycin B is an aminoglycoside antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. It has been used to study protein synthesis at the level of the 70S ribosome translocation and mRNA template misreading, as an antiviral agent by selectively penetrating cells rendered permeable by virus infection and inhibiting translation, and as a selection agent for hygromycin resistance gene transformed cells. It is recommended for use as a selection agent at 100-800 μg/mL, specifically at 100 μg/mL for prokaryotes, 200 μg/mL for lower eukaryotes and 150-400 μg/mL for higher eukaryotes.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of action: The product acts by inhibiting protein synthesis by inducing the misreading of the m-RNA template in the prokaryote, with the potency to inhibit translation.

Antimicrobial Spectrum: Hygromycin B acts against bacteria, fungi and higher eukaryotic cells.

Caution

Hygromycin B products should be stored as supplied at 2-8°C, and the dry solid is stable for at least 5 years if stored at 2-8°C. It is stable at 37°C for 30 days.

Preparation Note

This product is a solution that comes =60% (HPAE) and 45-60 mg/mL in H2O.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 1 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Oral

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

More Documents

Quotes and Ordering

Qingqing Wang et al.
Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 35(8), 1582-1596 (2020-04-15)
Excessive osteoclast (OC) activity together with relatively weak osteoblast (OB) function are strongly connected to osteolytic diseases, including osteoporosis, tumor-induced osteolysis, and inflammatory bone erosion. Very few natural products or compounds have been shown to exert therapeutic effects on both
Rina Zuchman et al.
Journal of fungi (Basel, Switzerland), 7(2) (2021-02-04)
Protein phosphorylation cascades are universal in cell signaling. While kinome diversity allows specific phosphorylation events, relatively few phosphatases dephosphorylate key signaling proteins. Fungal mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK), in contrast to their mammalian counterparts, often show detectable basal phosphorylation levels.
Yusheng Zhao et al.
Genes & development, 35(11-12), 888-898 (2021-05-15)
Plants monitor many aspects of their fluctuating environments to help align their development with seasons. Molecular understanding of how noisy temperature cues are registered has emerged from dissection of vernalization in Arabidopsis, which involves a multiphase cold-dependent silencing of the
Hong-Jay Lo et al.
Organic letters, 14(23), 5896-5899 (2012-11-15)
A chiral pool based synthetic strategy that leads from the readily available and inexpensive C(2)-symmetric tartaric acids to the chiral O-isopropylidenebenzooxazole--a convenient precursor to the aminocyclitol core of hygromycin A as well as the chiral γ-disilyloxybutyrolactone--a pivotal intermediate to approach
Faisal Asghar Khattak et al.
BMC microbiology, 12, 204-204 (2012-09-13)
The genus Mycobacterium (M.) comprises highly pathogenic bacteria such as M. tuberculosis as well as environmental opportunistic bacteria called non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). While the incidence of tuberculosis is declining in the developed world, infection rates by NTM are increasing. NTM

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