All Photos(1)

L6661

Sigma-Aldrich

Lactic acid

meets USP testing specifications

Synonym(s):
DL-Lactic acid, 2-Hydroxypropionic acid
Linear Formula:
CH3CH(OH)COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
90.08
Beilstein:
1209341
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

agency

USP/NF
meets USP testing specifications

assay

88.0-92.0%

form

viscous liquid

refractive index

n20/D 1.425 (lit.)

pH

2

bp

122 °C/15 mmHg (lit.)

density

1.209 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

heavy metals: ≤0.001%

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

CC(O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C3H6O3/c1-2(4)3(5)6/h2,4H,1H3,(H,5,6)

InChI key

JVTAAEKCZFNVCJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Packaging

100, 500 mL in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

In animals, lactic acid is a metabolic compound produced by proliferating cells and during anaerobic conditions such as strenuous exercise. Lactic acid can be oxidized back to pyruvate or converted to glucose via gluconeogenesis. Lactic acid is preferentially metabolized by neurons in several mammal species and during early brain development.

Other Notes

A concentrated solution of lactic acid is typically a mixture of lactic acid lactate and lactic acid. The concentration of this solution is approximately 90% (w/w).

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

235.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

113 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Conversion of biomass to 1, 2-propanediol by selective catalytic hydrogenation of lactic acid over silica-supported copper.
Cortright RD, et al.
Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental, 39(4), 353-359 (2002)
Kwon et al.
Enzyme and microbial technology, 26(2-4), 209-215 (2000-02-26)
Batch fermentation studies were performed to evaluate the potentials of a complex nitrogen source, soybean, as an alternative to yeast extract for the economical production of lactic acid by Lactobacillus rhamnosus. An enzyme-hydrolysate of soybean meal, Soytone, with an adequate
A literature review of poly (lactic acid).
Garlotta D.
Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 9(2), 63-84 (2001)
Mohamed Ali Abdel-Rahman et al.
Biotechnology advances, 31(6), 877-902 (2013-04-30)
Fermentative production of optically pure lactic acid has roused interest among researchers in recent years due to its high potential for applications in a wide range of fields. More specifically, the sharp increase in manufacturing of biodegradable polylactic acid (PLA)
James Steele et al.
Current opinion in biotechnology, 24(2), 135-141 (2013-01-03)
It has been known since the 1960s that lactic acid bacteria are essential for the development of cheese flavor. In the ensuing 50 years significant research has been directed at understanding the microbiology, genetics and biochemistry of this process. This

Protocols

HPLC Analysis of Organic Acids Commonly Found in Wine and Beer on TSKgel® OApak-P and OApak-A

Separation of Pyruvic acid, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard; Tartaric acid, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard; Citric acid, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard; Malic acid, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard; L-Pyroglutamic acid, ≥99.0% (T); Lactic acid, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard; Acetic acid, ≥99.99% trace metals basis; Succinic acid, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

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