Merck
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T9033

Sigma-Aldrich

Thapsigargin

≥98% (HPLC), solid film

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C34H50O12
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
650.75
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

plant (Thapsia garganica)

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

solid film

solubility

acetonitrile: soluble 9.80-10.20 mg/mL
DMSO: soluble
ethanol: soluble

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

[H][C@@]12C([C@H](OC([C@]3(O)C)=O)[C@]3(O)[C@@H](OC(CCC)=O)C[C@]2(C)OC(C)=O)=C(C)[C@H](OC(/C(C)=C(C)/[H])=O)[C@H]1OC(CCCCCCC)=O

InChI

1S/C34H50O12/c1-9-12-13-14-15-17-24(37)43-28-26-25(20(5)27(28)44-30(38)19(4)11-3)29-34(41,33(8,40)31(39)45-29)22(42-23(36)16-10-2)18-32(26,7)46-21(6)35/h11,22,26-29,40-41H,9-10,12-18H2,1-8H3/b19-11-/t22-,26+,27-,28-,29-,32-,33+,34+/m0/s1

InChI key

IXFPJGBNCFXKPI-FSIHEZPISA-N

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Application

Thapsigargin has been used as an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducer:
  • to study its effect on cyclase-associated protein 2 (CAP2) expression in liver cancer cells
  • in the cell viability experiment using ARPE -19 cells (human retinal pigment epithelial cells)
  • to study its effect on lipocalin 2 (LCN2) glycosylation in primary hepatocytes

Thapsigargin has been used to study the consequences of calcium depletion in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of cells. Thapsigargin has also been used to study its effect on tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) mRNA expression in rat Sertoli cells.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Thapsigargin is a non-competitive inhibitor of the ubiquitous sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA), commonly used to induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, in vitro.
Potent, cell-permeable, IP3-independent intracellular calcium releaser. Blocks the transient increase in intracellular Ca2+ induced by angiostatin and endostatin. Induces apoptosis by disrupting intracellular free Ca2+ levels; incorporated into chemotherapeutic prodrug formulations.

Pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Product Information Sheet

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