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Rui Guo et al.
Journal of hepatology, 62(3), 647-656 (2014-12-03)
Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) plays a critical role in the detoxification of the ethanol metabolite acetaldehyde. This study was designed to examine the impact of global ALDH2 overexpression on alcohol-induced hepatic steatosis. Wild type Friend virus B (FVB) and ALDH2
Srinivasa M Sammeta et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 20(2), 169-175 (2013-11-14)
The main objective of the present study was to develop formulations of noscapine hydrochloride hydrate with enhanced solubility and bioavailability using co-solvent- and cyclodextrin-based approaches. Different combinations of co-solvents, which were selected on the basis of high-throughput solubility screening, were
Manuela R Martinefski et al.
Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver, 34(7), 1040-1048 (2013-10-15)
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is a high-risk liver disease given the eventual deleterious consequences that may occur in the foetus. It is accepted that the abnormal accumulation of hydrophobic bile acids in maternal serum are responsible for the disease development.
C A Moore et al.
Toxicology letters, 229(1), 257-264 (2014-06-10)
Organophosphates (OPs) are widely used in agriculture. Many studies have investigated the capability of personal protective equipment (PPE) to reduce chemical exposure; however, investigations into the protective effect of 'every-day' clothing are rare. The purpose of this study was to
Janina Seubert et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e98347-e98347 (2014-05-31)
Scented cosmetic products are used across cultures as a way to favorably influence one's appearance. While crossmodal effects of odor valence on perceived attractiveness of facial features have been demonstrated experimentally, it is unknown whether they represent a phenomenon specific
Chunfeng Wang et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 45, 261-269 (2014-12-11)
Lipase from Candida rugosa (CRL) was chemically and physically immobilized onto four types of rod-shaped mesoporous silica (RSMS). RSMS prepared using surfactant P123 and poly(ethylene glycol) as co-templates was functionalized with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) to obtain P-RSMS by post-synthesis grafting. Tetraethoxysilane
Hidden formaldehyde in e-cigarette aerosols.
R Paul Jensen et al.
The New England journal of medicine, 372(4), 392-394 (2015-01-22)
Paola Mura et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 475(1-2), 306-314 (2014-09-10)
Transdermal administration of clonazepam, a poorly water-soluble benzodiazepine, is an interesting strategy for overcoming the drawbacks of its oral administration. With this aim, two nano-carrier formulations, based on ultra-deformable liposomes and microemulsions, have been developed to favour clonazepam transdermal delivery.
Al-Sayed Sallam et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 20(2), 159-168 (2013-11-23)
Controlled-release metronidazole, mucoadhesive gel proposed as a drug-delivery system for periodontal application was developed and characterized. The system was based on a mixture of glycerylmonooleate (GMO) and ethylcellulose (EC). The mechanism of release depends: firstly, on the ability of GMO
Positive propylene glycol result in a patient with ethylene glycol poisoning.
Zengliu Su et al.
Clinical chemistry, 60(4), 697-698 (2014-04-01)
David H Bechtel
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 70 Suppl 2, S131-S142 (2014-12-17)
Four versions of esterified propoxylated glycerols (EPGs) were evaluated for potential genotoxicity using a range of in vitro and in vivo assays. H-EPG-05 HR/SO 9:1, H-EPG-05 soyate, and H-EPG-14 soyate were non-mutagenic in reverse mutation assays (maximum concentration 1000 μg/plate)
Yellela S R Krishnaiah et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 475(1-2), 110-122 (2014-08-05)
The effect of process variability on physicochemical characteristics and in vitro performance of qualitatively (Q1) and quantitatively (Q2) equivalent generic acyclovir topical dermatological creams was investigated to develop a matrix of standards for determining their in vitro bioequivalence with reference
J O Funk et al.
Contact dermatitis, 31(4), 236-241 (1994-10-01)
Evaluation of dermatitis associated with propylene glycol application or ingestion remains a challenge. The research dealing with skin reactions to propylene glycol is revisited and new aspects for future research are outlined. Based on literature review and our own observations
Maria P Lemos et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e108954-e108954 (2014-10-01)
Male circumcision provides partial protection against multiple sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. To examine potential vulnerabilities in foreskin epithelial structure, we used Wilcoxon paired tests adjusted using the false discovery rate method
Evan R Goldfischer et al.
Neurourology and urodynamics, 34(1), 37-43 (2013-10-18)
To assess the efficacy and safety of oxybutynin transdermal gel 3% (OTG3%), with propylene glycol for enhanced skin permeation, in patients with urinary incontinence (UI). In this phase 3 study, 626 patients ≥18 years old with urgency and/or mixed UI
Kuppusamy Swaminathan Suganthi et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(6), 4602-4607 (2014-04-18)
Experiments were performed on the preparation and characterization of CuO-propylene glycol nanofluids. The influence of nanoparticle concentration and temperature on nanofluid viscosity reveals existence of a range of nanoparticle concentration and temperature in which the viscosity of nanofluid is lower
Li Wang et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 61(2), 486-496 (2014-09-10)
Defective autophagy is implicated in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) through poorly defined mechanisms. Cardiolipin is a mitochondrial phospholipid required for bioenergetics and mitophagy from yeast to mammals. Here we investigated a role for ALCAT1 in the
Thunjiradasiree Kojarunchitt et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 74-81 (2014-12-08)
Thermoresponsive, particle-loaded, Poloxamer 407 (P407)-Pluronic-R® (25R4) or chitosan-methyl cellulose (MC) formulations were developed as single-dose, sustained release vaccines. The sol-gels, loaded either with a particulate vaccine (cubosomes) or soluble antigen (ovalbumin) and adjuvants (Quil A and monophosphoryl lipid A), were
Mesut Arici et al.
Journal of microencapsulation, 31(7), 654-666 (2014-05-28)
The objective of this study is to develop a new textile-based drug delivery system containing naproxen (NAP) microparticles and to evaluate the potential of the system as the carrier of NAP for topical delivery. Microparticles were prepared by spray-drying using
Swetha Rudraiah et al.
Toxicology, 325, 85-95 (2014-09-07)
Flavin-containing monooxygenase-3 (FMO3) catalyzes metabolic reactions similar to cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, however, most metabolites of FMO3 are considered non-toxic. Recent findings in our laboratory demonstrated Fmo3 gene induction following toxic acetaminophen (APAP) treatment in mice. The goal of this study
Bob Storey et al.
International journal for parasitology. Drugs and drug resistance, 4(3), 233-243 (2014-12-18)
A major hindrance to evaluating nematode populations for anthelmintic resistance, as well as for screening existing drugs, new compounds, or bioactive plant extracts for anthelmintic properties, is the lack of an efficient, objective, and reproducible in vitro assay that is
Emma Lawless et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(5), 1817-1829 (2014-11-28)
Intestinal lymphatic transport of specific lipophilic drugs offers therapeutic advantages and maximises oral bioavailability. The aims of this study were; to compare intestinal lymphatic transport of a range of drugs and to investigate the influence of cyclosporine A on the
Amy Y Sato et al.
Bone, 73, 60-68 (2014-12-24)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is associated with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS), results from accumulation of misfolded/unfolded proteins, and can trigger apoptosis. ER stress is alleviated by phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α), which inhibits protein translation allowing
E-cigarettes: The lingering questions.
Daniel Cressey
Nature, 513(7516), 24-26 (2014-09-05)
Robert J Paproski et al.
Ultrasound in medicine & biology, 40(8), 1847-1856 (2014-05-06)
Microbubbles driven by ultrasound are capable of permeabilizing cell membranes and allowing biomarkers or therapeutics to exit from or enter cancer cells, respectively. Unfortunately, the relatively large size of microbubbles prevents extravasation. Lipid-based perfluorobutane microbubbles can be made seven-fold smaller
M A Sheraz et al.
International journal of cosmetic science, 36(5), 494-504 (2014-07-30)
The present investigation is based on the formulation of water-in-oil (w/o) cream preparations of ascorbic acid (AA) at pH 4-6 using different emollients and humectants. The preparations were stored in the dark at 30°C for a period of 3 months and
Yun Li et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1392, 28-36 (2015-03-22)
A new dendrimer-functionalized mesoporous silica material based on large-pore 3D cubic Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology-6 (KIT-6) was synthesized by the growing of dendritic branches inside the mesopores of aminopropyl functionalized KIT-6. Detailed physical characterizations using transmission electron
Hollie Burrell-Saward et al.
The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 70(2), 510-517 (2014-10-10)
To optimize the Trypanosoma brucei brucei GVR35 VSL-2 bioluminescent strain as an innovative drug evaluation model for late-stage human African trypanosomiasis. An IVIS® Lumina II imaging system was used to detect bioluminescent T. b. brucei GVR35 parasites in mice to
Filippo Rossi et al.
Nanotechnology, 26(1), 015602-015602 (2014-12-10)
The possibility to direct pharmacological treatments targeting specific cell lines using polymer nanoparticles is one of the main novelties and perspectives in nanomedicine. However, sometimes, the ability to maintain NPs localized at the site of the injection that work as
Wei Liu et al.
Journal of drug targeting, 23(4), 371-379 (2015-01-13)
Hypericin has an excellent necrosis-specific targeting capacity; thus, we explored small-molecular tumor necrosis therapy (SMTNT) for inhibiting tumor growth in rodent tumor models. H22 and S180 tumor-bearing Kunming (KM) mice were intratumorally injected with (131)I-monoiodohypericin ((131)I-MIH) to investigate the biodistribution
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