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Sumitra Arora et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 186(1), 361-366 (2013-09-03)
The integrated pest management (IPM) modules of pesticide schedule on Basmati rice were validated at field experiments conducted in Northern India for consecutive 3 years (2005-2008). The pesticide residues were found below the detectable limit (<0.01-0.001 mg/kg) in soil and irrigation water
G R Oliver et al.
Neurotoxicology, 21(1-2), 203-208 (2000-05-04)
FQPA requires determination of the combined potential risk from both dietary (food and drinking water) and non-dietary (residential) routes of exposures to pesticides. Critical to the implementation and ultimately to the impact of FQPA are the validity of the risk
Wen Li et al.
Journal of applied toxicology : JAT, 33(10), 1187-1191 (2012-05-23)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is formed by specialized endothelial cells lining capillaries in the central nervous system (CNS). We previously demonstrated that exposure to very low concentrations of the organophosphorus insecticide chlorpyrifos (CPF) decreased electrical resistance across the BBB in
J W Albers et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part B, Critical reviews, 2(4), 301-324 (1999-12-22)
This report summarizes the deliberations of an eight-member panel of scientists convened by Dow AgroSciences in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The panel was charged with evaluating the scientific literature on the health effects potentially associated with
Kamil Musilek et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 16(3), 622-627 (2005-11-18)
Six potential AChE reactivators were synthesized using modification of currently known synthetic pathways. Their potency to reactivate AChE inhibited by insecticide chlorpyrifos was tested in vitro. According to the results, (E)-1-(2-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-4-(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-but-2-ene dibromide seems to be the most potent AChE reactivator.
Marina Schäfer et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 206(3), 472-478 (2013-09-03)
Organophosphourus compounds (OPC, including nerve agents and pesticides) exhibit acute toxicity by inhibition of acetylcholinesterase. Lung affections are frequent complications and a risk factor for death. In addition, epidemiological studies reported immunological alterations after OPC exposure. In our experiments we
Mansur A Sandhu et al.
The Journal of toxicological sciences, 38(2), 237-244 (2013-03-29)
The oral intubation of chlorpyrifos, an extensively used organophosphate insecticide, was tested for its capability to induce in vivo genotoxic upshot in blood lymphocytes of 24 male and female Wistar rats using biomarker of genotoxicity. Rats were orally administered with
Luis Claudio Cacciatore et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 128-129, 124-134 (2013-01-08)
Though pesticide mixtures are commonly encountered in fresh water systems, the knowledge of their effects on non-target aquatic species is scarce. The present investigation was undertaken to explore the in vivo inhibition of the freshwater gastropod snail Planorbarius corneus cholinesterase
Qiyu Zhao et al.
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 44(2), 111-124 (2005-12-20)
Chlorpyrifos is an inhibitor of cholinesterase (ChE) and inhibition of ChE is believed to be the most sensitive effect in all animal species evaluated and in humans from previous evaluations. Recent literature, in particular epidemiology studies reporting associations between chlorpyrifos
Ketsarin Seebunrueng et al.
Talanta, 132, 769-774 (2014-12-06)
A simple and rapid microextraction method, vortex-assisted low density solvent liquid-liquid microextraction and salt-induced demulsification (VLLME-SID) coupled to high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed for the determination of organophosphorus pesticide (OPP) residues in fruits. The studied OPPs were azinphos-methyl
Qinghai Wang et al.
Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research, 67(9), 1908-1915 (2013-05-10)
For understanding the influence of initial concentrations of pesticides in the water body on removal efficiency of the contaminant by aquatic plants, one hydroponics experiment was used to investigate the influence of initial concentration (1-16 mg L(-1)) on toxicity and
Sophie Lissalde et al.
The Science of the total environment, 488-489, 188-196 (2014-05-17)
This study focuses on how Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Samplers (POCIS) work in real environmental conditions. A selection of 23 polar pesticides and 8 metabolites were investigated by exposure of triplicates of integrative samplers in two rivers in France for
Robert U Svensson et al.
Journal of environmental pathology, toxicology and oncology : official organ of the International Society for Environmental Toxicology and Cancer, 32(1), 29-39 (2013-06-14)
Environmental factors are likely to interact with genetic determinants to influence prostate cancer progression. The Agricultural Health Study has identified an association between exposure to organophosphorous pesticides including chlorpyrifos, and increased prostate cancer risk in pesticide applicators with a first-degree
Motohiro Tomizawa et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 51(14), 4213-4218 (2008-06-24)
Neonicotinoid agonists with a nitroimino or cyanoimino pharmacophore are the newest of the four most important classes of insecticides. Our studies on the nicotinic receptor structure in the neonicotinoid-bound state revealed a unique niche of about 6 A depth beyond
Zulin Zhang et al.
Journal of separation science, 37(24), 3699-3705 (2014-10-02)
A simple and rapid method was developed for the simultaneous analysis of nine different pesticides in water samples by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry. A number of parameters that may affect the recovery of pesticides, such as the type of
Kyu-Sik Chang et al.
Journal of medical entomology, 51(4), 804-810 (2014-08-15)
An assessment was made of the toxicity of 12 insecticides and three essential oils as well as Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis (Bti) alone or in combination with the oil major constituents (E)-anethole (AN), (E) -cinnamaldehyde (CA), and eugenol (EU; 1:1
Nastaran Vahabi Barzi et al.
Environmental toxicology, 35(7), 794-803 (2020-03-10)
The continued use of pesticides is one of the requirements of modern agriculture. Investigations have shown that pesticides can alter gene methylation and expression and subsequently may lead to abortion or birth of embryos with teratogenic disorders. In present study
Theodore A Slotkin et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 36(2), 284-287 (2013-05-21)
Although organophosphate pesticides are not usually characterized as "endocrine disruptors," recent work points to potential, long-term reductions of circulating thyroid hormones after developmental exposures to chlorpyrifos that are devoid of observable toxicity. We administered chlorpyrifos to developing rats on gestational
Khuong Dinh Van et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 152, 215-221 (2014-05-06)
Recent insights indicate that negative effects of pesticides on aquatic biota occur at concentrations that current legislation considers environmentally protective. We here address two, potentially interacting, mechanisms that may contribute to the underestimation of the impact of sublethal pesticide effects
Adam M Simpson et al.
Ecotoxicology (London, England), 24(3), 488-496 (2014-12-08)
This study examined how genotypes of Daphnia pulicaria from a single population, separated by thousands of generations of evolution in the wild, differ in their sensitivity to a novel anthropogenic stressor. These genotypes were resurrected from preserved resting eggs isolated
C A Moore et al.
Toxicology letters, 229(1), 66-72 (2014-06-10)
To date, there has been little research investigating low-level human exposure to chemicals, and so the aim of this study was to examine the percutaneous penetration of organophosphates (dichlorvos and chlorpyrifos) using low-level exposure scenarios in vitro. Dermal absorption of
Alexa C Alexander et al.
Ecotoxicology (London, England), 22(7), 1085-1100 (2013-07-09)
The ecological effect of simultaneous exposure to two nutrient gradients, three insecticides and different predator intensities was investigated over a 3-week period in 80 outdoor, artificial streams using field-collected benthic invertebrates. The experimental design consisted of a 2 × 5
Eisler's Encyclopedia of Environmentally Hazardous Priority Chemicals (2007)
D J Clegg et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part B, Critical reviews, 2(3), 257-279 (1999-08-03)
A panel of toxicology and medical experts was convened on 7-9 April 1997 to consider the available scientific literature on chlorpyrifos, both published and unpublished, to determine the acute and chronic toxicology reference dose (RfD). In the course of reviewing
Hai-Yan Lu et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 93(12), 2917-2921 (2013-03-16)
The presence of pesticide residues in food has caused much concern. The low health risks and environmental impacts of limonene make it a very interesting solvent for use in green chemistry. Washing effects of limonene on pesticide residues of methyl
Constantin Mircioiu et al.
Toxicology letters, 219(2), 99-106 (2013-03-23)
Chemical warfare agents, such as soman, and pesticides, such as chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos or malathion, are toxic organophosphorous compounds (OPCs) that are readily absorbed by the skin. Decontamination using solvents or surfactants may modify the cornified layer - the skin's main
W Guo et al.
Journal of economic entomology, 106(3), 1112-1117 (2013-07-20)
The efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) against the white grub Holotrichia parallela Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in the peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) fields was evaluated. In the first experiment with a high initial white grub population (24.65 +/- 2.44 larvae per
Theruvakkattil Sreenivasan Sreeprasad et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 246-247, 213-220 (2013-01-15)
An in situ strategy for the preparation of graphene immobilized on sand using asphalt, a cheap carbon precursor is presented. The as-synthesized material was characterized in detail using various spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. The presence of G and D bands
Hyeong-Moo Shin et al.
Environmental science & technology, 47(2), 859-867 (2012-12-19)
Indoor residence times of semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) are a major and mostly unavailable input for residential exposure assessment. We calculated residence times for a suite of SVOCs using a fugacity model applied to residential environments. Residence times depend on
Karsten Bode et al.
Archives of toxicology, 94(12), 4099-4113 (2020-10-21)
Exposure to environmental chemicals during in utero and early postnatal development can cause a wide range of neurological defects. Since current guidelines for identifying developmental neurotoxic chemicals depend on the use of large numbers of rodents in animal experiments, it
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