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Che-Hsin Lee et al.
Biochimie, 104, 117-126 (2014-06-21)
Tumor vascularization, which is mainly contributed by angiogenesis and vascularization, is necessary for tumor maintenance and progression. Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), vascular-like channels which are lack of the involvement of endothelial cells, has been observed in aggressive cancers and also involves
Aarti Mohan et al.
BioMed research international, 2014, 424239-424239 (2014-08-13)
Increasing consumption of tobacco and alcohol has led to a steady increase in the incidence of head and neck cancers in Asia. The drawbacks associated with the existing chemotherapeutic and surgical interventions have necessitated the development of a safer alternative
Barbara C Spink et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 282(1), 30-41 (2014-12-03)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) regulates expression of numerous genes, including those of the CYP1 gene family. With the goal of determining factors that control AHR gene expression, our studies are focused on the role of the short tandem repeat
Congxiang Jian et al.
Inflammation, 37(5), 1413-1423 (2014-03-13)
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the destruction of tooth supporting tissues. Hypoxia, the mainly changes of the plateau environment, can induce severe periodontitis by animal experiments. There is, however, very little information on hypoxia and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)
Jinjia Chang et al.
Oncotarget, 6(4), 2009-2022 (2015-01-13)
Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2)-targeted therapy has attracted considerable attention as novel anticancer agents in gastric cancer (GC). However, intrinsic or acquired drug resistance has emerged as a major challenge to their clinical use. In this study, we demonstrated
Ju Hun Kim et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(11), 7396-7400 (2013-11-20)
Wet transfer is crucial for most device structures of the proposed applications employing single layer graphene in order to take advantage of the unique physical, chemical, bio-chemical and electrical properties of the graphene. However, transfer methodologies that can be used
Ling Ding et al.
Cancer letters, 356(2 Pt B), 828-836 (2014-12-03)
Although SAHA is approved for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, clinical trials using SAHA as a monotherapy or in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents in solid tumors have not met with success
Alban Bujard et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 63, 36-44 (2014-07-11)
The parallel artificial membrane permeability assay (PAMPA) is a high-throughput screening (HTS) method that is widely used to predict in vivo passive permeability through biological barriers, such as the skin, the blood brain barrier (BBB) and the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
Lyndsay V Rhodes et al.
Breast cancer research and treatment, 145(3), 593-604 (2014-05-09)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly aggressive breast cancer subtype that lacks effective targeted therapies. The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key contributor in the metastatic process. We previously showed the pan-deacetylase inhibitor LBH589 induces CDH1 expression in TNBC
Michelle A Ouimet et al.
Macromolecular bioscience, 15(3), 342-350 (2014-10-22)
Polymers such as poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) have been used to prepare hydrogels for wound dressing applications but are not inherently bioactive. For enhanced healing, PVP was blended with salicylic acid-based poly(anhydride-esters) (SAPAE) and shown to exhibit hydrogel properties upon swelling. In
D H Currie et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(16), 5001-5011 (2014-06-08)
Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum, a Gram-positive thermophilic anaerobic bacterium, grows robustly on insoluble hemicellulose, which requires a specialized suite of secreted and transmembrane proteins. We report here the characterization of proteins secreted by this organism. Cultures were grown on hemicellulose, glucose, xylose
Andrea Hegedus et al.
Retrovirology, 11, 98-98 (2014-11-26)
HIV-1, like all viruses, is entirely dependent on the host cell for providing the metabolic resources for completion of the viral replication cycle and the production of virions. It is well established that HIV-1 replicates efficiently in activated CD4+ T
Matthew T Balmer et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 15(8), 1000-1012 (2014-05-08)
The chemotherapeutic agents doxorubicin (dox) or 5-fluorouracil (5FU) are used to treat cancer cells as they cause irreparable DNA damage, inducing these aberrant cells to undergo cell death. The mediator of this process is presumed to be in part the
Bin Fang et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 448(4), 443-447 (2014-05-07)
Cisplatin-induced ototoxicity affects a high percentage of new cancer patients worldwide. The detailed mechanism of cisplatin-induced ototoxicity is not completely understood. We investigated whether rapamycin could protect rats from cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. Forty-eight male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six
Rafael M Bitencourt et al.
Neurochemistry international, 90, 72-84 (2015-07-22)
Corticosteroid and endocannabinoid actions converge on prefrontocortical circuits associated with neuropsychiatric illnesses. Corticosteroids can also modulate forebrain synapses by using endocannabinoid effector systems. Here, we determined whether corticosteroids can modulate transmitter release directly in the frontal cortex and, in doing
Chubiao Zhao et al.
Cellular signalling, 26(10), 2223-2233 (2014-07-16)
Our recent studies have demonstrated the key roles of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated caspase-8- and Bax-dependent apoptotic pathways in dihydroartemisinin (DHA)-induced apoptosis of A549 cells. This report is designed to investigate the proapoptotic mechanisms of DHA in gemcitabine (Gem)-resistant A549
Andrew J Washkowitz et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 142(1), 31-40 (2014-12-18)
The maintenance and control of pluripotency is of great interest in stem cell biology. The dual specificity T-box/basic-helix-loop-helix-zipper transcription factor Mga is expressed in the pluripotent cells of the inner cell mass (ICM) and epiblast of the peri-implantation mouse embryo
Nicholas J Lodge et al.
Nuclear medicine and biology, 41(6), 524-535 (2014-05-06)
A radioligand for measuring the density of corticotropin-releasing factor subtype-1 receptors (CRF1 receptors) in living animal and human brain with positron emission tomography (PET) would be a useful tool for neuropsychiatric investigations and the development of drugs intended to interact
Andressa Ardiani et al.
Oncotarget, 5(19), 9335-9348 (2014-10-27)
Despite recent advances in diagnosis and management, prostrate cancer remains the second most common cause of death from cancer in American men, after lung cancer. Failure of chemotherapies and hormone-deprivation therapies is the major cause of death in patients with
Yasuo Ido et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0115341-e0115341 (2015-02-04)
The aging process is perceived as resulting from a combination of intrinsic factors such as changes in intracellular signaling and extrinsic factors, most notably environmental stressors. In skin, the relationship between intrinsic changes and keratinocyte function is not clearly understood.
Hyun-Woo Kim et al.
Oncology reports, 35(1), 235-242 (2015-11-05)
The histone deacetylases (HDACs), Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) and Sirt2, play crucial roles in many biological processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. HDAC inhibitors have been considered as a potential therapeutic approach for various types of cancers. Here, we demonstrated
Qiang Yu et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 17(9), 1036-1042 (2014-07-22)
Polyphyllin D (PD), an active component from a traditional medicinal herb Paris polyphylla, which has long been used for the treatment of cancer in Asian countries, has been found to hold significant antitumor activity in vivo or in vitro. However
Rishil J Kathawala et al.
Oncotarget, 6(1), 510-521 (2014-11-18)
Paclitaxel exhibits clinical activity against a wide variety of solid tumors. However, resistance to paclitaxel significantly attenuates the response to chemotherapy. The ABC transporter subfamily C member 10 (ABCC10), also known as multi-drug resistance protein 7 (MRP7) efflux transporter, is
Brooke H Van Kummer et al.
BioMed research international, 2015, 834543-834543 (2015-02-25)
Moderate aerobic exercise has been shown to enhance motor skills and protect the nervous system from neurodegenerative diseases, like ataxia. Our lab uses the spastic Han Wistar rat as a model of ataxia. Mutant rats develop forelimb tremor and hind
Masashi Kamikawa et al.
Acta histochemica et cytochemica, 47(2), 35-43 (2014-09-16)
We previously demonstrated that macrophages exhibit endoplasmic reticulum fragmentation under cholesterol-rich conditions, which results in the generation of acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase 1 (ACAT1)-associated late endosomes/lysosomes (ACAT1-LE). ACAT1-LE efficiently esterify free cholesterol in loco, even with abnormal egress of free
Ching-Heng Ting et al.
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 31(1), 230-235 (2014-12-04)
Dysregulation of the endocannabinoid system can lead to the development of obesity and metabolic disorders. Endogenous endocannabinoids act on two cannabinoid receptor subtypes, type 1 (CB1) and type 2 (CB2), to exert their biological actions. The aim of this study
Dickson Joseph et al.
Beilstein journal of nanotechnology, 5, 1452-1462 (2014-09-24)
The biocompatibility and ease of functionalization of gold nanoparticles underlie significant potential in biotechnology and biomedicine. Eight different proteins were examined in the preparation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in aqueous medium under microwave irradiation. Six of the proteins resulted in
Ning Guan et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 36(9), 6789-6795 (2015-04-04)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant type of primary brain tumor. Although the growth of the tumor cells in a relatively closed space may partially account for its malignancy, highly invasive nature of glioblastoma cells has been suggested to
Yu Hua Quan et al.
Experimental lung research, 40(10), 475-484 (2014-10-10)
In spite of severe side effects, chemotherapy is widely used as a major anticancer treatment in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In order to enhance the therapeutic properties and reduce side effects, enormous efforts have been devoted to direct anticancer
Tuvshinjargal Gotovdorj et al.
Journal of Korean medical science, 29(9), 1188-1198 (2014-09-24)
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) can induce drug transporter genes such as the ATP-binding cassette G member 2 (ABCG2), which contributes to multidrug resistance. We investigated the effect of TCDD pretreatment on drug transporters induction from cancer cells of various origins. Cell viabilities
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