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E Ciuchi et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 45(5), 611-613 (1996-05-01)
Red blood cell (RBC) concentrations of sorbitol and reduced glutathione (GSH) were evaluated in 29 type 11 diabetic subjects and eight normal controls. In erythrocytes from diabetic subjects, sorbitol levels were higher (18.7 +/- 1.33 v 11.2 +/- 0.7 nmol/g
Livan Delgado-Roche et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 61(2), 160-165 (2012-12-12)
Atherosclerosis is a major cause of death in the Western World. It is known that Lipofundin 20% induces atherosclerotic lesions, whereas ozone at low doses has been satisfactorily used in the prevention of oxidative stress-associated pathologies, such as coronary artery
Meseret Ashenafi et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 400(1-2), 9-15 (2014-10-31)
Recently, we showed that the fused chorismate-utilizing enzyme from the antibiotic-producing soil bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae is an anthranilate synthase (designated SvAS), not a 2-amino-2-deoxyisochorismate (ADIC) synthase, as was predicted based on its amino acid sequence similarity to the phenazine biosynthetic
Ho-Youn Kim et al.
Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology, 231, 30-39 (2015-01-13)
During ripening fruits undergo several physiological and biochemical modifications that influence quality-related properties, such as texture, color, aroma and taste. We studied the differences in ethylene and sugar metabolism between two genetically related Japanese plum cultivars with contrasting ripening behaviors.
A Patrizi et al.
Giornale italiano di dermatologia e venereologia : organo ufficiale, Societa italiana di dermatologia e sifilografia, 147(6 Suppl 1), 1-8 (2013-01-18)
Pityriasis alba (PA) is a skin disorder characterized by finely scaly, hypopigmented patches, typical of childhood, that also represents an atopic dermatitis (AD) minor sign according to Hanifin and Rajka criteria. It may be isolated or associated with AD representing
Reddy Ranjith K Sama et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 228(11), 2222-2231 (2013-04-30)
FUsed in Sarcoma/Translocated in LipoSarcoma (FUS/TLS or FUS) has been linked to several biological processes involving DNA and RNA processing, and has been associated with multiple diseases, including myxoid liposarcoma and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). ALS-associated mutations cause FUS to
Haisong Wang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 113, 225-230 (2014-09-27)
Microwave irradiation is a rapid and efficient method to synthesize oligomers and can be employed in polysaccharides production. As an artificial polysaccharide, polydextrose is known for its solid performance in food processing and its additional health benefits. This study was
Cora Lilia Alvarez et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e96216-e96216 (2014-05-27)
In human erythrocytes (h-RBCs) various stimuli induce increases in [cAMP] that trigger ATP release. The resulting pattern of extracellular ATP accumulation (ATPe kinetics) depends on both ATP release and ATPe degradation by ectoATPase activity. In this study we evaluated ATPe
M L Selley et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 23(3), 383-388 (2002-04-18)
There is evidence that increased blood concentrations of homocysteine may be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. (E)-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a neurotoxic product of lipid peroxidation that is increased in the ventricular fluid and brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease.
Monika Mueller et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 30(3), 735-750 (2012-11-13)
To develop a liquid formulation for IgMs to survive physical stress and storage. Stabilizing formulations for 8 monoclonal immunoglobulin (IgMs) were found using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). In these formulations, the IgMs were subjected to stress and storage and analyzed
J-M Serot et al.
Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, 76(11), 1585-1587 (2005-10-18)
Homocysteine may be involved in the pathogenesis of late onset Alzheimer's disease. It is implicated in the metabolism of several important pathways in the brain. Methylmalonic acid (MMA) is related to the metabolism of branched chained amino acids and fatty
Joshua Russell et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(22), 8269-8274 (2014-05-21)
All terrestrial animals must find a proper level of moisture to ensure their health and survival. The cellular-molecular basis for sensing humidity is unknown in most animals, however. We used the model nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to uncover a mechanism for
M A Lovell et al.
Archives of neurology, 58(3), 392-396 (2001-03-20)
Markers of oxidative stress are increased in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD), although none of those reported are appropriate diagnostic markers because of the overlap between patients with AD and control subjects. To determine the ratio
Camille Desgrouas et al.
Malaria journal, 13, 327-327 (2014-08-26)
New classes of anti-malarial drugs are needed to control the alarming Plasmodium falciparum resistance toward current anti-malarial therapy. The ethnopharmacological approach allows the discovery of original chemical structures from the vegetable biodiversity. Previous studies led to the selection of a
I Thorild et al.
European archives of paediatric dentistry : official journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, 13(6), 305-307 (2012-12-14)
To evaluate the long-term outcome of a mother-child project in which mothers (n=173) with high counts of salivary mutans streptococci were randomly assigned to daily chewing gums containing xylitol (A), chlorhexidine/ xylitol/sorbitol (B), or sodium fluoride/xylitol/sorbitol (C) for one year
Ziv Harel et al.
The American journal of medicine, 126(3), 264-264 (2013-01-17)
Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate; Sanofi-Aventis, Paris, France) is a cation-exchange resin routinely used in the management of hyperkalemia. However, its use has been associated with colonic necrosis and other fatal gastrointestinal adverse events. Although the addition of sorbitol to sodium
M J Peterson et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 35(4 Suppl 1), 93-95 (1986-04-01)
Increased flux of glucose through the polyol pathway with resultant resultant accumulation of tissue sorbitol is implicated in the pathogenesis of the chronic complications of diabetes. Sorbinil is a potent inhibitor of aldose reductase (the first enzyme in the polyol
Valerio Leoni et al.
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, 42(2), 186-191 (2004-04-06)
24S-Hydroxycholesterol (24OHC) and 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) are two structurally similar oxysterols of different origins--the former almost exclusively formed in the brain and the latter formed to a lesser extent in the brain than in most other organs. HYPOTHESIS TO BE TESTED:
Zhengming Gu et al.
Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine, 138(11), 1474-1480 (2014-10-31)
Invasive fungal infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality among immunocompromised patients. To design and evaluate a multiplexed assay aimed at quantitative detection and differentiation of the 5 molds that are most commonly responsible for pulmonary infections. Using
Clinical relevance of adaptation to sorbitol by plaque bacteria: a review.
W H Bowen
The Journal of clinical dentistry, 7(1), 1-5 (1996-01-01)
Shahram Attarian et al.
Orphanet journal of rare diseases, 9, 199-199 (2014-12-19)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1A disease (CMT1A) is a rare orphan inherited neuropathy caused by an autosomal dominant duplication of a gene encoding for the structural myelin protein PMP22, which induces abnormal Schwann cell differentiation and dysmyelination, eventually leading to axonal suffering
Selina Kern et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e105732-e105732 (2014-09-05)
Cyclin-dependent kinase-like kinases (CLKs) are dual specificity protein kinases that phosphorylate Serine/Arginine-rich (SR) proteins involved in pre-mRNA processing. Four CLKs, termed PfCLK-1-4, can be identified in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, which show homology with the yeast SR protein
Chao Zhang et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e103456-e103456 (2014-07-30)
Scorpine, a small cationic peptide from the venom of Pandinus imperator, which has been shown to have anti-bacterial and anti-plasmodial activities, has potential important applications in the pharmaceutical industries. However, the isolation of scorpine from natural sources is inefficient and
Samadhi Aparicio-Siegmund et al.
Oncotarget, 5(8), 2131-2148 (2014-04-20)
The Janus kinase / signal transducer and activator of transcription (Jak/STAT) pathway can be activated by many different cytokines, among them all members of the Interleukin (IL-)6 family. Dysregulation of this pathway, resulting in its constitutive activation, is associated with
Hiroko Asahi et al.
BMC microbiology, 14, 167-167 (2014-06-26)
Malaria continues to be a devastating disease. The elucidation of factors inducing asexual growth versus arrest of Plasmodium falciparum can provide information about the development of the parasite, and may help in the search for novel malaria medication. Based on
J A Molina et al.
Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996), 109(7-8), 1035-1044 (2002-07-12)
Thiamine is an essential cofactor for several important enzymes involved in brain oxidative metabolism, such as the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC), pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex (PDHC), and transketolase. Some investigators reported decreased thiamine-diphosphate levels and decreased activities of KGDHC, pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex and
Umakant Sahu et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 451(1), 158-164 (2014-08-05)
The zinc finger transcription factors Mxr1p and Rop are key regulators of methanol metabolism in the methylotrophic yeast, Pichia pastoris, while Trm1p and Trm2p regulate methanol metabolism in Candida boidinii. Here, we demonstrate that Trm1p is essential for the expression
D R Bélanger et al.
Annals of emergency medicine, 21(11), 1312-1315 (1992-11-01)
To examine the effect of a single dose of sodium polystyrene sulfonate and sorbitol on lithium absorption. Prospective, randomized, crossover. University teaching hospital. Healthy volunteers. Subjects ingested 600 mg lithium carbonate on two occasions, with and without 30 g concomitant
N Kamon et al.
Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme, 23(5), 226-229 (1991-05-01)
In order to evaluate the effects of the aldose reductase inhibitor, ONO-2235, on the short-term response of human erythrocyte sorbitol to hyperglycemia in vivo, eleven diet-treated Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients were studied twice in 75 g oral glucose tolerance
G Molino et al.
The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 131(5), 393-405 (1998-05-30)
D-Sorbitol (SOR) is safe, is easy to measure, and has an exceptionally high extraction ratio in the normal liver of 0.93+/-0.05 (mean+/-SD). Together with the general interest in hepatic hemodynamics, these facts motivated us to review the usefulness of this
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