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J C González-Vega et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(5), 2255-2264 (2015-05-29)
An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that differences in the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) and standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of Ca exist among Ca supplements and that inclusion of microbial phytase increases the ATTD and STTD
Ya-Jun Guo et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 33(7), 3583-3591 (2013-08-06)
Implant-associated infection is a serious problem in orthopaedic surgery. One of the most effective ways is to introduce a controlled antibiotics delivery system into the bone filling materials, achieving sustained release of antibiotics in the local sites of bone defects.
Madeeha Riaz et al.
Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine, 26(12), 268-268 (2015-10-29)
The antibacterial activity of ZnO (0-15.53 mol%) based SiO2-CaO-P2O5-Na2O-CaF2 bioactive glass-ceramics synthesized by controlled crystallisation were studied against eight micro-organisms using modified Kirby Bauer method. The antibacterial activity of the specimens was statistically evaluated using one-way analysis of variance and
Massimiliano Tattini et al.
The New phytologist, 207(3), 613-626 (2015-03-19)
The hypothesis was tested that isoprenoids and phenylpropanoids play a prominent role in countering photooxidative stress, following the depletion of antioxidant enzyme activity in plants exposed to severe drought stress under high solar irradiance and high temperatures. Platanus × acerifolia
Daniel E Roth et al.
Trials, 16, 300-300 (2015-07-15)
Vitamin D regulates bone mineral metabolism and skeletal development. Some observational studies have suggested that prenatal vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of adverse pregnancy and/or birth outcomes; however, there is scant evidence from controlled trials, leading the World Health
Pedram Fatehi et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 94(1), 531-538 (2013-04-03)
In this work, we aimed at adsorbing the oligo-sugars of prehydrolysis liquor on precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) to produce modified PCC. The results showed that the adsorptions of oligo-sugars, lignin and furfural were greater on porous PCC (PCC2) than on
Matthew S Lachniet et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(23), 9255-9260 (2013-05-22)
The dominant controls on global paleomonsoon strength include summer insolation driven by precession cycles, ocean circulation through its influence on atmospheric circulation, and sea-surface temperatures. However, few records from the summer North American Monsoon system are available to test for
Liliana Astachov et al.
Frontiers in bioscience (Landmark edition), 16, 458-471 (2011-01-05)
Stem cell development and fate decisions are dictated by the microenvironment in which the stem cell is embedded. Among the advanced goals of tissue engineering is the creation of a microenvironment that will support the maintenance and differentiation of the
Praveen K Mandapalli et al.
Drug delivery, 21(8), 605-614 (2013-12-18)
The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of charge of model small molecules on their encapsulation and release behavior in layer-by-layer microcapsules (LbL-MC). Poly(styrene sulfonate) and poly(ethylene imine) were sequentially adsorbed on calcium carbonate sacrificial templates to
Masashi Tanaka et al.
Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine, 25(6), 1505-1517 (2014-03-29)
Two novel calcium phosphate cements (CPC) have been developed using calcium sodium phosphate (CSP) as the main ingredient. The first of these cements, labeled CAC, contained CSP, α-tricalcium phosphate (TCP), and anhydrous citric acid, whereas the second, labeled CABC, contained
Do no harm: calcium and phosphate supplementation in kidney transplant recipients.
Neeraj Singh et al.
Transplantation, 96(11), e81-e82 (2013-12-04)
Y Hu et al.
Faraday discussions, 176, 31-47 (2014-11-20)
Oxide diffusion was studied in two innovative SOFC cathode materials, Ba(2)Co(9)O(14) and Ca(3)Co(4)O(9)+δ derivatives. Although oxygen diffusion was confirmed in the promising material Ba(2)Co(9)O(14), it was not possible to derive accurate transport parameters because of an oxidation process at the
Chao Du et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 33(7), 3745-3752 (2013-08-06)
Hybrid CaCO3 microparticles coated by sodium poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) and aliphatic poly(urethane-amine) (PUA) were developed as thermal-/pH-responsive drug delivery vehicles via LbL self-assembly technique. The DOX release from the CaCO3 microparticles was higher than 60% within 36 h, whereas the
Shaik G Mastan et al.
Molecular biology reports, 41(12), 8261-8271 (2014-09-18)
We investigated DNA methylation and polymorphism in the methylated DNA using AFLP based methylation-sensitive amplification polymorphism (MS-AFLP) markers in ecotypes of Jatropha curcas L. growing in similar and different geo-ecological conditions. Three ecotypes growing in different geo-ecological conditions with environmental
Mirosława Różycka et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e114308-e114308 (2014-12-10)
Fish otoliths, biominerals composed of calcium carbonate with a small amount of organic matrix, are involved in the functioning of the inner ear. Starmaker (Stm) from zebrafish (Danio rerio) was the first protein found to be capable of controlling the
Izaskun Valdivielso et al.
Food chemistry, 173, 709-717 (2014-12-04)
Carotenoids and tocopherols from botanical species abundant in Atlantic mountain grasslands were simultaneously extracted using one-step solid-liquid phase. A single n-hexane/2-propanol extract containing both types of compounds was injected twice under two different sets of HPLC conditions to separate the
Hussein Tawbi et al.
Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology, 73(1), 207-211 (2013-10-31)
Imatinib mesylate (Gleevec(®)/Glivec(®)) has revolutionized the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemias and gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and there is evidence for an exposure response relationship. Calcium carbonate is increasingly used as a calcium supplement and in the setting of gastric upset
H Margot et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 214, 109-115 (2015-08-13)
This study evaluated the effects of changing the composition of the pre-enrichment medium buffered peptone water (BPW) on the growth of stressed and unstressed Gram-negative foodborne pathogens in a one-broth enrichment strategy. BPW supplemented with an available iron source and
Calcium carbonate as a constipating agent--a myth of centuries revisited.
W F Caspary
European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology, 8(6), 545-547 (1996-06-01)
Dongni Ren et al.
Micron (Oxford, England : 1993), 42(3), 228-245 (2010-10-19)
The review focuses on the effects of several important additives and templates controlling the calcium carbonate crystals formation and the complexity of the crystal morphologies in vitro. Additives include soluble matrices extracted from shells and pearls, amino-acids, magnesium ions and
Laura C Foster et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(23), 9273-9276 (2013-05-22)
Predicting the impact of ongoing anthropogenic CO2 emissions on calcifying marine organisms is complex, owing to the synergy between direct changes (acidification) and indirect changes through climate change (e.g., warming, changes in ocean circulation, and deoxygenation). Laboratory experiments, particularly on
Mariners of the lost sea.
Jane Qiu
Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6167), 130-132 (2014-01-11)
Sophie Norenstedt et al.
European journal of endocrinology, 169(6), 795-804 (2013-09-13)
Vitamin D insufficiency may increase the risk for cardio metabolic disturbances in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). To analyze the vitamin D status and indices of the metabolic syndrome in PHPT patients and the effect of vitamin D supplementation after
Marta Diaz-Herraiz et al.
Scientific reports, 3, 1440-1440 (2013-03-15)
The paintings from Tomba della Scimmia, in Tuscany, are representative of the heavy bacterial colonization experienced in most Etruscan necropolises. The tomb remained open until the late 70's when it was closed because of severe deterioration of the walls, ceiling
Akira Matsuo et al.
Renal failure, 36(8), 1291-1297 (2014-07-01)
Hyperphosphatemia is a risk factor for arterial calcification contributing to the high-cardiovascular mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Ferric citrate hydrate (JTT-751) is being developed as a treatment for hyperphosphatemia with chronic renal failure and has shown a
R J M Lynch et al.
International dental journal, 55(3 Suppl 1), 175-178 (2005-07-12)
To summarise clinical support for the anti-caries efficacy of fluoride toothpastes containing sodium monofluorophosphate (SMFP) and to discuss the possible means by which the abrasive particles in calcium carbonate-based SMFP toothpastes might complement and/or enhance fluoride efficacy. The anti-caries efficacy
Julyan H E Cartwright et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 51(48), 11960-11970 (2012-11-06)
Although the polymorphism of calcium carbonate is well known, and its polymorphs--calcite, aragonite, and vaterite--have been highly studied in the context of biomineralization, polyamorphism is a much more recently discovered phenomenon, and the existence of more than one amorphous phase
Shweta Sharma et al.
Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces, 133, 120-139 (2015-06-22)
Over the recent years the use of biocompatible and biodegradable nanoparticles in biomedicine has become a significant priority. Calcium based ceramic nanoparticles like calcium phosphate (CaP) and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) are therefore considered as attractive carriers as they are naturally
Rowan T Chlebowski et al.
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(10), 1302-1310 (2013-08-21)
Low vitamin D intake and levels have been associated with increased joint symptoms in some observational studies but the findings are mixed and evidence from randomized trials sparse. To evaluate the influence of supplemental calcium and vitamin D on joint
Joshua R Lewis et al.
Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 30(1), 165-175 (2014-07-22)
Calcium supplementation, particularly with vitamin D, has been an approved public health intervention to reduce fracture risk. Enthusiasm for this intervention has been mitigated by meta-analyses suggesting that calcium supplementation with or without vitamin D increases myocardial infarction (MI) risk;
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