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Sophie D Adams et al.
Current biology : CB, 31(7), 1403-1416 (2021-02-17)
Bidirectional communication between cells and their surrounding environment is critical in both normal and pathological settings. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), which facilitate the horizontal transfer of molecules between cells, are recognized as an important constituent of cell-cell communication. In cancer, alterations
Višnja Stepanić et al.
Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 8(4) (2019-04-10)
Chalcones are polyphenolic secondary metabolites of plants, many of which have antioxidant activity. Herein, a set of 26 synthetic chalcone derivatives with alkyl substituted pyrazine heterocycle A and four types of the monophenolic ring B, were evaluated for the potential
Roberta Azzarelli et al.
Biology open, 10(2) (2021-02-24)
Emerging three-dimensional (3D) cultures of glioblastoma are becoming powerful models to study glioblastoma stem cell behavior and the impact of cell-cell and cell-microenvironment interactions on tumor growth and invasion. Here we describe a method for culturing human glioblastoma stem cells
Chris M Valdez et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 16372-16372 (2017-11-29)
A bipolar (BP) nanosecond electric pulse (nsEP) exposure generates reduced calcium influx compared to a unipolar (UP) nsEP. This attenuated physiological response from a BP nsEP exposure is termed "bipolar cancellation" (BPC). The predominant BP nsEP parameters that induce BPC
M Mikula et al.
Nucleic acids research, 44(21), 10150-10164 (2016-09-03)
Genome-wide mechanisms that coordinate expression of subsets of functionally related genes are largely unknown. Recent studies show that receptor tyrosine kinases and components of signal transduction cascades including the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), once thought to act predominantly in
Alys E Davies et al.
Interface focus, 10(2), 20190132-20190132 (2020-03-21)
The ability to produce rapid, cost-effective and human-relevant data has the potential to accelerate the development of new drug delivery systems. Intraocular drug delivery is an area undergoing rapid expansion, due to the increase in sight-threatening diseases linked to increasing
Shangwu Chen et al.
Biomaterials, 73, 23-31 (2015-09-24)
Preparation of three-dimensional (3D) micropatterned porous scaffolds remains a great challenge for engineering of highly organized tissues such as skeletal muscle tissue and cardiac tissue. Two-dimensional (2D) micropatterned surfaces with periodic features (several nanometers to less than 100 μm) are
Bettina Schmid et al.
Biomedicines, 8(7) (2020-07-08)
Recently, the role of infection of the intervertebral disc (IVD) with Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes) as a contributor to disc-related low back pain (LBP) has been discussed. The aim of this study was to investigate whether and how C. acnes
Jolie Bou-Gharios et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 73(1), 227-239 (2020-11-04)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a stage IV astrocytoma, is the most common brain malignancy among adults. Conventional treatments of surgical resection followed by radio and/or chemotherapy fail to completely eradicate the tumor. Resistance to the currently available therapies is mainly attributed
Narushi Sugii et al.
Cancer science, 112(1), 81-90 (2020-11-07)
The programmed cell death-1/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) pathway is involved in preventing immune system-mediated destruction of malignant tumors including glioblastoma. However, the therapeutic influence of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibition alone in glioblastoma is limited. To develop effective combination therapy involving PD-1/PD-L1
Hisham F Bahmad et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 73(1), 211-226 (2020-10-09)
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most frequently diagnosed extracranial solid tumor among the pediatric population. It is an embryonic tumor with high relapse rates pertaining to the presence of dormant slowly dividing cancer stem cells (CSC) within the tumor bulk that
Naveen K Singhal et al.
Epigenetics, 15(8), 871-886 (2020-02-26)
Methionine metabolism is dysregulated in multiple sclerosis (MS). The methyl donor betaine is depleted in the MS brain where it is linked to changes in levels of histone H3 trimethylated on lysine 4 (H3K4me3) and mitochondrial impairment. We investigated the
E Zweygarth et al.
The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research, 68(1), 37-40 (2001-06-14)
Chemically defined media, termed SFMC-23 and SFMC-36, were devised for the in vitro culture of Cowdria ruminantium, the causative agent of heartwater in domestic ruminants. Both media were based on Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium nutrient mixture Ham F-12 (DME/F-12) containing
Yusuke Matsuya et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 10365-10365 (2019-07-19)
Insoluble radioactive microparticles emitted by the incident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant have drawn keen interests from the viewpoint of radiation protection. Cs-bearing particles have been assumed to adhere in the long term to trachea after aspirated into respiratory
Shilan Shafei et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 108(3), 545-556 (2019-11-09)
Wound healing is known as one of the most complicated biological processes for injured skin caused by surgical, trauma, burns, or diabetic diseases, which causes a nonfunctioning mass of fibrotic tissue. Recent reports have suggested that exosomes (EXOs) secreted by
Chris M Valdez et al.
Bioelectromagnetics, 39(6), 441-450 (2018-07-10)
Nanosecond electric pulse (nsEP) exposure generates an array of physiological effects. The extent of these effects is impacted by whether the nsEP is a unipolar (UP) or bipolar (BP) exposure. A 600 ns pulse can generate 71% more YO-PRO-1 uptake compared
David Prokai et al.
iScience, 24(1), 101880-101880 (2021-01-19)
In adult males, spermatogonia maintain lifelong spermatozoa production for oocyte fertilization. To understand spermatogonial metabolism we compared gene profiles in rat spermatogonia to publicly available mouse, monkey, and human spermatogonial gene profiles. Interestingly, rat spermatogonia expressed metabolic control factors Foxa1
Lawrence Mok et al.
The Journal of general virology, 96(Pt 7), 1787-1794 (2015-03-10)
In recent years, bats have been identified as a natural reservoir for a diverse range of viruses. Nelson Bay orthoreovirus (NBV) was first isolated from the heart blood of a fruit bat (Pteropus poliocephalus) in 1968. While the pathogenesis of
Berta Capella Roca et al.
Biotechnology progress, 36(3), e2954-e2954 (2019-12-19)
While reliable transfection methods are essential for Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line engineering, reduced transfection efficiencies have been observed in several commercially prepared media. In this study, we aimed to assess common media additives that impede efficiency mediated by
Jamie A Davies et al.
BMC developmental biology, 14, 35-35 (2014-09-11)
Glandular organs require the development of a correctly patterned epithelial tree. These arise by iterative branching: early branches have a stereotyped anatomy, while subsequent branching is more flexible, branches spacing out to avoid entanglement. Previous studies have suggested different genetic
M Suku et al.
Journal of personalized medicine, 11(1) (2020-12-31)
Skin wounds can lead to serious morbidity complications in diabetic patients due to the reduced healing potential of autologous stem cells. One reason for the low functional potency of stem cells from diabetic patients (diabetic stem cells) is attributed to
Saroj Rajthala et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(21) (2021-11-14)
Background: Knowledge on the role of miR changes in tumor stroma for cancer progression is limited. This study aimed to investigate the role of miR dysregulation in cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methodology: CAF and normal
Hamideh Babaloo et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 234(7), 11060-11069 (2018-12-26)
The significant consequences of spinal cord injury (SCI) include sensory and motor disability resulting from the death of neuronal cells and axon degeneration. In this respect, overcoming the consequences of SCI including the recovery of sensory and motor functions is
E Zweygarth et al.
The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research, 68(1), 37-40 (2001-06-14)
Chemically defined media, termed SFMC-23 and SFMC-36, were devised for the in vitro culture of Cowdria ruminantium, the causative agent of heartwater in domestic ruminants. Both media were based on Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium nutrient mixture Ham F-12 (DME/F-12) containing
Vinita Jagannath et al.
Frontiers in molecular neuroscience, 10, 342-342 (2017-11-09)
Dysfunction of D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) and DAO activator (DAOA)/G72 genes have been linked to neuropsychiatric disorders. The glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia has proposed that increased DAO activity leads to decreased D-serine, which subsequently may lead to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor
Rita Pinto-Costa et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 130(4), 2024-2040 (2020-01-17)
After trauma, regeneration of adult CNS axons is abortive, causing devastating neurologic deficits. Despite progress in rehabilitative care, there is no effective treatment that stimulates axonal growth following injury. Using models with different regenerative capacities, followed by gain- and loss-of-function
Jessica Eira et al.
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 9, 747699-747699 (2021-11-26)
Transthyretin (TTR), a plasma and cerebrospinal fluid protein, increases axon growth and organelle transport in sensory neurons. While neurons extend their axons, the microtubule (MT) cytoskeleton is crucial for the segregation of functional compartments and axonal outgrowth. Herein, we investigated
Lei Qi et al.
Bio-protocol, 10(7), e3579-e3579 (2021-03-05)
Metastasis accounts for the majority of cancer related deaths. The genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models and cell line-based subcutaneous and orthotopic mouse xenografts have been developed to study the metastatic process. By using lung cancer cell line A549 as an
Anu Sharma et al.
Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces, 180, 289-297 (2019-05-10)
A new strategy to encapsulating the drug curcumin into the hydrophobic core of the iron-phenanthroline nanocomplex (NIP) and eventually its release is signified. NIP was prepared via coordinate interaction between Fe2+ and the lone pairs present on the N atoms
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