In this paper, we discuss recent advances in the preparation of various TiO2 porous structures via hard and soft-templating routes. Specifically, we focus on recent developments in TiO2 mesoporous thin films in a combined sol-gel and evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) process.
The emerging organic photovoltaic (OPV) technology is very promising for low-cost solar energy production. OPV devices can be produced using high-throughput, large-volume printing methods on lightweight and flexible plastic substrates, making them easy to deploy and use in innovative ways.
The field of organic electronics has emerged as the next-generation technology potentially enabling ultra-thin, large-area, and/or flexible devices, consisting of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), and organic photovoltaics (OPVs).
Inorganic nanomaterials are tunable by size, shape, structure, and/or composition. Advances in the synthesis of well-defined nanomaterials have enabled control over their unique optical, electronic, and chemical properties stimulating tremendous interest across a wide range of disciplines. This article illuminates
Solution-processed organic photovoltaic devices (OPVs) have emerged as a promising clean energy generating technology due to their ease of fabrication, potential to enable low-cost manufacturing via printing or coating techniques, and ability to be incorporated onto light weight, flexible substrates.
Refractive index (RI or n) is of critical importance for photonics applications such as optical waveguides and ophthalmic devices. Based on their unique refractive index characteristics and good optical clarity, polymeric materials are also used as anti-reflective coatings for solar
Sustainable, environment-friendly, and clean energy sources with sufficiently high production efficiency for practical application are highly desirable to meet the energy challenge of the 21st century due to the world′s increasing energy demand.
Highly extended polyacenes such as pentacene and naphthacene have been essential organic semiconductors for high-performance organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). Among the range of thienoacene-based organic semiconductors, materials with an internal thieno[3,2-b]thiophene substructure, such as DNTT and BTBT, have shown
Metal-organic frameworks, a subset of coordination polymers, represent a powerful new tool for a plethora of alternative energy applications. MOFs are readily available using simple synthetic strategies that supply tailored, high surface area materials.
Spectral conversion for solar cells is an emerging concept in the field of photovoltaics, and it has the potential to increase significantly the efficiency of solar cells. Lanthanide ions are ideal candidates for spectral conversion, due to their high luminescence
Professor Sharma and colleagues review the synthesis and applications of this novel material. This includes a discussion of the unique properties of quantum dots and their suitability for solar cell applications, along with common synthesis techniques used to develop these
Since the first publication in 1995 describing a bulk heterojunction photodiode incorporating a methanofullerene, significant progress has been made in improving device performance and the scope of device research has broadened widely.
Solar panels for homes and businesses have seen a rise in demand over the past few years as we move toward more environment-friendly and sustainable energy sources. In 2010, the average power from solar was just 5.0 GWh/d and
Since the first report of the low-cost dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) in 1991 by Gratzel and his coworker,1 dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) has been regarded as one of the most promising photovoltaic technologies because of their transparent and colorful characteristics
Since the demonstration of the first practical solar cell 60 years ago, research on novel materials, improved solar cell design and structure, and innovative manufacturing processes have all contributed to a continuous increase in the efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) devices.
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is an important n-type semiconducting material that shows interesting characteristics such as photoswitchable surface wettability, high photocatalytic activity, bistable electrical resistance states and high electron drift mobility.
Organic photovoltaics (OPVs) represent a low-cost, lightweight, and scalable alternative to conventional solar cells. While significant progress has been made in the development of conventional bulk heterojunction cells, new approaches are required to achieve the performance and stability necessary to