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Ilias Kazanis et al.
Experimental neurology, 269, 75-89 (2015-03-31)
The presence of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) in specific areas of the central nervous system (CNS) supports tissue maintenance as well as regeneration. The subependymal zone (SEZ), located at the lateral ventricle's wall, represents a niche for NSPCs and in
Wei Lu et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 15(9), 1174-1184 (2014-06-12)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) may contribute to tumor initiation, distant metastasis and chemo-resistance. One of RNA-binding proteins, Quaking (QKI), was reported to be a tumor suppressor. Here we showed that reduced QKI levels were observed in many human oral cancer
Ningxia Song et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 36(1), 139-149 (2015-04-23)
The allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) contributes to the reconstitution of hematopoiesis by ameliorating acute graft‑versus‑host disease (aGVHD). However, the role of MSCs in graft‑versus‑leukemia remains to be determined. In the present study, we
Li Ying Liu et al.
International journal of oncology, 45(3), 1257-1265 (2014-06-28)
MicroRNA (miRNA)-126 (miR-126) was reported to be downregulated and to act as a tumor suppressor in cancers of the lung, cervix, bladder and prostate. However, the functions of miR-126 in gastric cancer appear to be diverse and are largely unknown.
Andrea Cossarizza et al.
European journal of immunology, 49(10), 1457-1973 (2019-10-22)
These guidelines are a consensus work of a considerable number of members of the immunology and flow cytometry community. They provide the theory and key practical aspects of flow cytometry enabling immunologists to avoid the common errors that often undermine
Huanhuan Li et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11033-11033 (2015-06-06)
The use of Catechin as an antibacterial agent is becoming ever-more common, whereas unstable and easy oxidation, have limited its application. A simple and low-energy-consuming approach to synthesize highly stable and dispersive Catechin-Cu nanoparticles(NPs) has been developed, in which the
Cheng-Wei Tzeng et al.
The American journal of Chinese medicine, 43(3), 559-579 (2015-05-15)
For centuries, natural plant extracts have played an important role in traditional medicine for curing and preventing diseases. Studies have revealed that Artocarpus communis possess various bioactivities, such as anti-inflammation, anti-oxidant, and anticancer activities. A. communis offers economic value as
Jun Kikuchi et al.
Arthritis research & therapy, 17, 10-10 (2015-01-22)
Tocilizumab (TCZ), an anti-interleukin-6 receptor antibody, is clinically effective against rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and several reports have indicated how TCZ influences a number of mechanisms underlying RA pathogenesis. However, it is still unclear whether TCZ affects inflammatory cells in peripheral
Fengzhen Huang et al.
FEBS letters, 588(24), 4791-4798 (2014-12-03)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to play significant roles in the pathogenesis of various polyQ diseases. This study aims to investigate the regulation of ATXN3 gene expression by miRNA. We found that miR-25 reduced both wild-type and polyQ-expanded mutant ataxin-3
V N Flores-Gil et al.
Domestic animal endocrinology, 72, 106425-106425 (2020-04-12)
This study examines the influence of administering testosterone at the end of the mating season, on the responses (morphometric and functional) of ram and buck sperm to freezing-thawing. Five rams were administered 25 mg testosterone propionate (TP) subcutaneously in 2 mL of
Nadine Rosin et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(13), 3708-3717 (2015-04-04)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are highly toxic lesions, which, if not properly repaired, can give rise to genomic instability. Non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ), a well-orchestrated, multistep process involving numerous proteins essential for cell viability, represents one major pathway to repair DSBs
C Denoyelle et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1445-e1445 (2014-10-10)
We sought to identify miRNAs that can efficiently induce apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells by overcoming BCL-X(L) and MCL1 anti-apoptotic activity, using combined computational and experimental approaches. We found that miR-491-5p efficiently induces apoptosis in IGROV1-R10 cells by directly inhibiting
Liwei Dong et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(7), 14655-14668 (2015-07-02)
Echinacoside is a natural compound with potent reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging and anti-oxidative bioactivities, which protect cells from oxidative damages. As cancer cells are often under intense oxidative stress, we therefore tested if Echinacoside treatment would promote cancer development. Surprisingly
Milind Alai et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 4029-4041 (2015-07-01)
The aim of this study was to develop nanoparticles for oral delivery of an acid-labile drug, lansoprazole (LPZ), for gastric ulcer therapy. LPZ-loaded positively charged Eudragit(®) RS100 nanoparticles (ERSNPs-LPZ) and negatively charged poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGANPs-LPZ) were prepared. The effect
Laia Rosich et al.
Oncotarget, 5(16), 6788-6800 (2014-09-13)
Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway activation contributes to mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) pathogenesis and drug resistance. Antitumor activity has been observed with mTOR inhibitors. However, they have shown limited clinical efficacy in relation to drug activation of feedback
Zhaoyang Li et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 125(3), 1081-1097 (2015-02-03)
Signaling via the MyD88/IRAK pathway in T cells is indispensable for cell survival; however, it is not known whether this pathway functions in the progression of T acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Here, we determined that compared with thymic and peripheral
Grace F T Poon et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 195(2), 632-642 (2015-06-19)
Although classical dendritic cells (DCs) arise from distinct progenitors in the bone marrow, the origin of inflammatory DCs and the distinction between monocyte-derived DCs and macrophages is less clear. In vitro culture of mouse bone marrow cells with GM-CSF is
Wen-Rui Wu et al.
Oncology reports, 31(6), 2515-2524 (2014-04-05)
The Notch signaling pathway has been reported to play crucial roles in inhibiting hepatocyte differentiation and allowing formation of intrahepatic bile ducts. However, little is known about its significance in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). The aim of the present study was
Michelle C W Tang et al.
PLoS genetics, 11(2), e1004964-e1004964 (2015-02-13)
Histones package DNA and regulate epigenetic states. For the latter, probably the most important histone is H3. Mammals have three near-identical H3 isoforms: canonical H3.1 and H3.2, and the replication-independent variant H3.3. This variant can accumulate in slowly dividing somatic
Dan Zi et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(11), 27228-27251 (2015-11-19)
Ovarian carcinoma (OC) is one of the most common gynecological malignancies, with a poor prognosis for patients at advanced stage. Danusertib (Danu) is a pan-inhibitor of the Aurora kinases with unclear anticancer effect and underlying mechanisms in OC treatment. This
Daniel J Modulevsky et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97835-e97835 (2014-05-21)
There are numerous approaches for producing natural and synthetic 3D scaffolds that support the proliferation of mammalian cells. 3D scaffolds better represent the natural cellular microenvironment and have many potential applications in vitro and in vivo. Here, we demonstrate that
Cho-Yi Chen et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(1) (2021-01-06)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response is an adaptive program to cope with cellular stress that disturbs the function and homeostasis of ER, which commonly occurs during cancer progression to late stage. Late-stage cancers, mostly requiring chemotherapy, often develop treatment resistance.
Katarzyna Brodowska et al.
International journal of oncology, 45(6), 2311-2324 (2014-09-13)
Recent studies suggest that the anti-diabetic drug metformin may reduce the risk of cancer and have anti-proliferative effects for some but not all cancers. In this study, we examined the effects of metformin on human retinoblastoma cell proliferation in vitro
E R Burnight et al.
Gene therapy, 21(7), 662-672 (2014-05-09)
Mutations in CEP290 are the most common cause of Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), a severe inherited retinal degenerative disease for which there is currently no cure. Autosomal recessive CEP290-associated LCA is a good candidate for gene replacement therapy, and cells
Andrew Cameron et al.
mBio, 6(5), e00612-e00615 (2015-10-01)
Phenotypic variation is prevalent in the zoonotic pathogen Campylobacter jejuni, the leading agent of enterocolitis in the developed world. Heterogeneity enhances the survival and adaptive malleability of bacterial populations because variable phenotypes may allow some cells to be protected against
Rieko Shimozono et al.
Journal of interferon & cytokine research : the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research, 35(6), 464-473 (2015-02-26)
The results of clinical and experimental studies suggest that type I interferons (IFNs) may have direct antifibrotic activity in addition to their antiviral properties. However, the mechanisms are still unclear; in particular, little is known about the antifibrotic activity of
Emer Fitzpatrick et al.
Cell transplantation, 24(1), 73-83 (2013-10-23)
Hepatocyte transplantation is becoming an accepted therapy for acute liver failure, either as a bridge to liver regeneration or to organ transplantation. Hepatocytes provide liver function in place of the failing organ. The maintenance of sufficient viability and function of
Ki Rim Lee et al.
International journal of oncology, 45(6), 2533-2540 (2014-10-02)
Polysaccharides isolated from the fruiting body of Inonotus obliquus (PFIO) are known to possess various pharmacological properties including antitumor activity. However, the anti-metastatic effect and its underlying mechanistic signaling pathway involved these polysaccharides in human non-small cell lung carcinoma remain
Klaus G Schmetterer et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(3), 759-771 (2014-11-16)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) integrates key signals of cell surface immune receptors, yet its precise role in cluster of differentiation (CD)4(+) T cells is not well-established. Current research has indicated T-helper cell 17-inducing roles but also
Xin Wang et al.
ACS nano, 8(12), 12151-12166 (2014-12-02)
Chemoresistance is a primary cause of treatment failure in cancer and a common property of tumor-initiating cancer stem cells. Overcoming mechanisms of chemoresistance, particularly in cancer stem cells, can markedly enhance cancer therapy and prevent recurrence and metastasis. This study
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