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Reza Abbasifar et al.
Archives of virology, 159(9), 2253-2261 (2014-04-08)
Cronobacter sakazakii, an opportunistic pathogen found in milk-based powdered infant formulae, has been linked to meningitis in infants, with high fatality rates. A set of phages from various environments were purified and tested in vitro against strains of C. sakazakii.
Bergthóra S Snorradóttir et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(8), 2366-2375 (2014-07-06)
A model is presented for transdermal drug delivery from single-layered silicone matrix systems. The work is based on our previous results that, in particular, extend the well-known Higuchi model. Recently, we have introduced a numerical transient model describing matrix systems
Ilchung Shin et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(11), e90-e90 (2014-04-23)
We describe a ribonucleic acid (RNA) reporter system for live-cell imaging of gene expression to detect changes in polymerase II activity on individual promoters in individual cells. The reporters use strings of RNA aptamers that constitute IMAGEtags (Intracellular MultiAptamer GEnetic
Naozumi Ohnishi et al.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 62(6), 538-544 (2014-06-03)
A novel in vitro release test methodology for a liposome formulation was developed using a column-switching high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system. Doxorubicin (DXR) liposome formulations were used as a model. A DXR liposome formulation was dispersed into a release medium
Claire O Malécot et al.
Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology, 26(3), 311-319 (2014-10-28)
Ectopic activity arising from pulmonary veins (PV) plays a prominent role in the onset of atrial fibrillation in humans. Rat PV cardiac muscle cells have a lower resting membrane potential (RMP) than the left atria (LA) and presents in the
A Rizzi et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 171(17), 4138-4153 (2014-06-07)
An innovative chemical approach, named peptide welding technology (PWT), allows the synthesis of multibranched peptides with extraordinary high yield, purity and reproducibility. With this approach, three different tetrabranched derivatives of nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) have been synthesized and named PWT1-N/OFQ, PWT2-N/OFQ
Kyle R Pomraning et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123188-e0123188 (2015-04-24)
Yarrowia lipolytica is an oleaginous ascomycete yeast that accumulates large amounts of lipids and has potential as a biofuel producing organism. Despite a growing scientific literature focused on lipid production by Y. lipolytica, there remain significant knowledge gaps regarding the
Ye Fan et al.
Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces, 123, 8-14 (2014-09-15)
Unsaturated fatty acid liposomes (Ufasomes) have attracted interests because of the ready availability of unsaturated fatty acids and the simple assembly strategy. However, the colloidal instability of the ufasomes hinders them from applying in the fields of drug delivery and
Zhe Shen et al.
CNS neuroscience & therapeutics, 21(3), 271-279 (2014-12-17)
Lactates accumulate in ischemic brains. G protein-coupled receptor 81 (GPR81) is an endogenous receptor for lactate. We aimed to explore whether lactate is involved in ischemic injury via activating GPR81. N2A cells were transfected with GFP-GPR81 plasmids 24 h previously, and
Sandra Ghelardoni et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 221(1), 101-110 (2014-03-15)
3-Iodothyronamine (T1AM) is an endogenous relative of thyroid hormone with profound metabolic effects. In different experimental models, T1AM increased blood glucose, and it is not clear whether this effect is entirely accounted by changes in insulin and/or glucagone secretion. Thus
Hamid Reza Moazami et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 841, 24-32 (2014-08-12)
In order to understand the limitations of electromebrane extraction procedure better, a simple equivalent circuit has been proposed for a supported liquid membrane consisting of a resistor and a low leakage capacitor in series. To verify the equivalent circuit, it
Antonia Hildebrand et al.
Molecular vision, 20, 1749-1757 (2015-01-06)
Corneal transplantation is the most frequent and successful form of tissue transplantation in adults (<10% rejection). In young children, any corneal opacity should be corrected as early as possible to prevent lifelong visual impairment. However, the corneal graft rejection rate
Ilaria Naldi et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e98101-e98101 (2014-05-24)
Epigenetic events are critical contributors to the pathogenesis of cancer, and targeting epigenetic mechanisms represents a novel strategy in anticancer therapy. Classic demethylating agents, such as 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (Decitabine), hold the potential for reprograming somatic cancer cells demonstrating high therapeutic efficacy
Chuanshan Zhang et al.
Parasitology research, 113(10), 3745-3757 (2014-07-21)
Smad family proteins are essential cellular mediators of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily. In the present study, we identified two members of the Smad proteins, Smad8 and Smad4 homologues (termed as EgSmadE and EgSmadD, respectively), from Echinococcus granulosus, the causative
Yee-Ki Lee et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(9), 1831-1844 (2013-12-12)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), a recessive neurodegenerative disorder commonly associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, is due to GAA repeat expansions within the first intron of the frataxin (FXN) gene encoding the mitochondrial protein involved in iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis. The triplet codon repeats
Elenaz Naderkhani et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(2), 661-668 (2014-01-08)
The antiviral drug acyclovir (ACV) suffers from poor solubility both in lipophilic and hydrophilic environment, leading to low and highly variable bioavailability. To overcome these limitations, this study aimed at designing mucoadhesive ACV-containing liposomes to improve its permeability. Liposomes were
Vijesh Kumar et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1368, 155-162 (2014-12-03)
Aggregates of monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapeutics, due to their perceived impact on immunogenicity, are recognized as a critical quality attribute by the regulatory authorities as well as the industry. Hence, removal of aggregates is a key objective of bioprocessing. At
Lei Wan et al.
Journal of integrative plant biology, 56(7), 622-634 (2014-01-24)
Katanin, a microtubule-severing enzyme, consists of two subunits: the catalytic subunit P60, and the regulatory subunit P80. In several species, P80 functions in meiotic spindle organization, the flagella biogenesis, the neuronal development, and the male gamete production. However, the P80
Sabine May et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 31(11), 3211-3224 (2014-05-24)
The aim of this study was to investigate influencing factors on the dissolution test for powders for pulmonary delivery with USP apparatus 2 (paddle apparatus). We investigated the influence of dose collection method, membrane holder type and the presence of
Elżbieta Sikora et al.
Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces, 126, 541-545 (2015-01-27)
The skin permeation of forskolin, a diterpene isolated from Coleus forsholii, was studied using oil in water (O/W) emulsions as delivery formulations and also an oil solution for comparative purposes. Two forskolin-loaded emulsions of water/Brij 72:Symperonic A7/Miglyol 812:Isohexadecane, at 0.075
Silke Beermann et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107481-e107481 (2014-09-23)
Histamine (HA) is recognized by its target cells via four G-protein-coupled receptors, referred to as histamine H1-receptor (H1R), H2R, H3R, and H4R. Both H1R and H4R exert pro-inflammatory functions. However, their signal transduction pathways have never been analyzed in a
Jonas Møller Kristensen et al.
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 306(10), E1099-E1109 (2014-03-20)
Metformin-induced activation of the 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has been associated with enhanced glucose uptake in skeletal muscle, but so far no direct causality has been examined. We hypothesized that an effect of in vivo metformin treatment on glucose uptake
Aparna Shah et al.
Psychopharmacology, 231(18), 3685-3694 (2014-03-05)
Gender may influence antidepressant (AD) treatment outcome. In order to address this preclinically, the potential effects of ovarian hormones on AD treatment in ovariectomized female rats were investigated. In the first study, the effect of acute administration of estrogen and
Kalyan C Tirupula et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e103520-e103520 (2014-07-30)
MAS is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) implicated in multiple physiological processes. Several physiological peptide ligands such as angiotensin-(1-7), angiotensin fragments and neuropeptide FF (NPFF) are reported to act on MAS. Studies of conventional G protein signaling and receptor desensitization
Marco Pistolozzi et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 968, 69-78 (2014-01-30)
A series of novel tocainide analogues were characterized for their HSA and RSA binding, by using high-performance liquid affinity chromatography (HPLAC) and circular dichroism (CD). In this HPLAC study, HSA and RSA were covalently immobilized to the silica matrix of
Toru Taguchi et al.
Pain, 156(3), 415-427 (2015-01-20)
Chronic widespread pain is a serious medical problem, yet the mechanisms of nociception and pain are poorly understood. Using a reserpine-induced pain model originally reported as a putative animal model for fibromyalgia, this study was undertaken to examine the following:
Falk Dittrich et al.
BMC neuroscience, 15, 128-128 (2014-12-03)
In male birds, influence of the sex steroid hormone testosterone and its estrogenic metabolites on seasonal song behavior has been demonstrated for many species. In contrast, female song was only recently recognized to be widespread among songbird species, and to
Ronald P M Gonçalves et al.
Shock (Augusta, Ga.), 42(5), 415-423 (2014-07-09)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the existence of gender-related differences in the profile of changes that occur in cardiac functionality during endotoxic shock. For this, both male and female Wistar rats received a single injection of
Keita Takahashi et al.
Journal of comparative physiology. A, Neuroethology, sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology, 201(4), 385-394 (2014-12-08)
Accessory lobes are protrusions located at the lateral sides of the spinal cord of chicks and it has been proposed that they play a role as a sensory organ for equilibrium during walking. We have reported that functional neurons exist
Marwa Ahmed et al.
Chirality, 26(11), 754-763 (2014-03-08)
New affinity monolithic capillary columns of 150 µm internal diameter were prepared in situ fused glass capillary via either immobilization or encapsulation of Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) on or within polymer monoliths, respectively. The immobilized lipase-based monoliths were prepared
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