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Binxing Zheng et al.
Journal of separation science, 38(15), 2737-2745 (2015-05-13)
Hydrophobic-hydrophilic monolithic dual-phase plates have been prepared by a two-step polymerization method for two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography of low-molecular-weight compounds, namely, several dyes. The thin 200 μm poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene dimethacrylate) layers attached to microscope glass plates were prepared using a UV-initiated
Zhenhuan Guo et al.
Science signaling, 7(354), rs7-rs7 (2014-12-04)
E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion and signaling plays an essential role in development and maintenance of healthy epithelial tissues. Adhesiveness mediated by E-cadherin is conferred by its extracellular cadherin domains and is regulated by an assembly of intracellular adaptors and enzymes associated
Meritxell Balmaña et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 442, 56-62 (2015-01-18)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) usually shows an enhanced expression of sialyl-Lewis X (sLe(x)) and related epitopes. PDAC may secrete some of the proteins carrying such increased sLe(x) determinant into serum, so they could be used as PDAC markers. Previously, we identified
Elena E Shashova et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109933-e109933 (2014-10-21)
Breast cancer is one of four oncology diseases that are most widespread in the world. Moreover, breast cancer is one of leading causes of cancer-related deaths in female population within economically developed regions of the world. So far, detection of
Cátia Carreira et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(6), 2149-2155 (2015-01-18)
Viral abundances in benthic environments are the highest found in aquatic systems. Photosynthetic microbial mats represent benthic environments with high microbial activity and possibly high viral densities, yet viral abundances have not been examined in such systems. Existing extraction procedures
Tomotaka Tanabe et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e105749-e105749 (2014-08-26)
A pvsB-vctA-irgA triple deletion mutant of Vibrio parahaemolyticus can utilize enterobactin under iron-limiting conditions by inducing a previously undescribed receptor, PeuA (VPA0150), in response to extracellular alkaline pH and enterobactin. In silico analyses revealed the existence of a two-component regulatory
Lesley A Pearce et al.
Protein expression and purification, 116, 19-29 (2015-07-22)
Hendra virus (family Paramyxoviridae) is a negative sense single-stranded RNA virus (NSRV) which has been found to cause disease in humans, horses, and experimentally in other animals, e.g. pigs and cats. Pteropid bats commonly known as flying foxes have been
Diane G Elliott et al.
Diseases of aquatic organisms, 114(1), 21-43 (2015-05-12)
Non-lethal pathogen testing can be a useful tool for fish disease research and management. Our research objectives were to determine if (1) fin clips, gill snips, surface mucus scrapings, blood draws, or kidney biopsies could be obtained non-lethally from 3
Masaru Sato et al.
Molecular brain, 8, 22-22 (2015-04-19)
Pavlovian fear conditioning is a form of learning accomplished by associating a conditioned stimulus (CS) and an unconditioned stimulus (US). While CS-US associations are generally thought to occur in the amygdala, the pathway mediating US signal processing has only been
Jesse Harris et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 112(12), 2450-2458 (2015-06-03)
Two phase partitioning bioreactors (TPPBs) improve the efficiency of fermentative processes by limiting the exposure of microorganisms to toxic solutes by sequestering them into a non-aqueous phase (NAP). A potential limitation of this technology, when using immiscible organic solvents as
D R Scott et al.
Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics, 42(11-12), 1315-1326 (2015-10-02)
The gastric H(+) ,K(+) -ATPase is the preferred target for acid suppression. Until recently, the only drugs that effectively inhibited this ATPase were the proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). PPIs are acid-activated prodrugs that require acid protection. Once acid-activated, PPIs bind
Amene Samaei-Nouroozi et al.
Extremophiles : life under extreme conditions, 19(5), 933-947 (2015-07-23)
A haloalkaliphilic solvent-tolerant lipase was produced from Alkalibacillus salilacus within 48 h of growth in liquid medium. An overall 4.9-fold enhanced production was achieved over unoptimized media after medium optimization by statistical approaches. Plackett-Burman screening suggested lipase production maximally influenced
Marius Spohn et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(10), 6185-6196 (2014-08-13)
The emergence of antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacteria within the last decades is one reason for the urgent need for new antibacterial agents. A strategy to discover new anti-infective compounds is the evaluation of the genetic capacity of secondary metabolite producers and
Irina V Mikheyeva et al.
PLoS genetics, 10(10), e1004740-e1004740 (2014-10-31)
Histone modifiers are critical regulators of chromatin-based processes in eukaryotes. The histone methyltransferase Set1, a component of the Set1C/COMPASS complex, catalyzes the methylation at lysine 4 of histone H3 (H3K4me), a hallmark of euchromatin. Here, we show that the fission
Corey Goddeyne et al.
Journal of neurophysiology, 113(9), 3268-3280 (2015-02-20)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) most frequently occurs in pediatric patients and remains a leading cause of childhood death and disability. Mild TBI (mTBI) accounts for nearly 75% of all TBI cases, yet its neuropathophysiology is still poorly understood. While even
James E Thornton et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(18), 11777-11791 (2014-09-17)
Recent small RNA sequencing data has uncovered 3' end modification of mature microRNAs (miRNAs). This non-templated nucleotide addition can impact miRNA gene regulatory networks through the control of miRNA stability or by interfering with the repression of target mRNAs. The
Yanwu You et al.
BMC nephrology, 16, 148-148 (2015-08-28)
Fractalkine (FKN) is involved in the occurrence and development of human lupus nephritis. It is known to be upregulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a stimulus in vivo. MRL/lpr mice have been used as an in vivo model to study lupus
Miaki Uzu et al.
Journal of pharmacological sciences, 128(1), 17-26 (2015-05-25)
Connexin (Cx) makes up a type of intercellular channel called gap junction (GJ). GJ plays a regulatory role in cellular physiology. The Cx expression level is often decreased in cancer cells compared to that in healthy ones, and the restoration
Zeljka Car et al.
Chemical biology & drug design, 84(4), 393-401 (2014-03-29)
Structural alterations of the aglycon portions of α-mannosides influence their inhibitory potency toward type 1-fimbriated Escherichia coli. The aim of our work was to prepare and explore inhibitory properties of novel mannosylated N-aryl-substituted 3-hydroxypyridine-4-ones because they possess needed structural characteristics
Julia Krasensky et al.
Antioxidants & redox signaling, 21(9), 1289-1304 (2014-05-08)
High salinity stress impairs plant growth and development. Trehalose metabolism has been implicated in sugar signaling, and enhanced trehalose metabolism can positively regulate abiotic stress tolerance. However, the molecular mechanism(s) of the stress-related trehalose pathway and the role of individual
Hoyong Park et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 13440-13440 (2015-08-28)
Influenza virus infection is one of common infectious diseases occurring worldwide. The human influenza virus can infect the central nervous system and cause brain dysfunctions affecting cognition and spatial memory. It has been previously shown that infection with the influenza
M Javier Herrero-Turrión et al.
BMC genomics, 15, 874-874 (2014-10-09)
A great number of studies have investigated changes induced by morphine exposure in gene expression using several experimental models. In this study, we examined gene expression changes during chronic exposure to morphine during maturation and differentiation of zebrafish CNS. Microarray
Sumihiro Koyama et al.
Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.), 17(5), 678-692 (2015-08-06)
The purpose of this study was to develop a novel electrical retrieval method (ER method) for living sponge-associated microorganisms from marine sponges frozen at -80 °C. A -0.3-V vs. Ag/AgCl constant potential applied for 2 h at 9 °C induced
Ewa Augustin et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 36(3), 385-399 (2015-02-03)
FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase (FLT3) is expressed in some normal hematopoietic cell types and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we examined the effects of triazoloacridinone C-1305, an antitumor compound, on
Jynho Kim et al.
Science signaling, 8(379), ra55-ra55 (2015-06-04)
Defects in the biogenesis of or transport through primary cilia affect Hedgehog protein signaling, and many Hedgehog pathway components traffic through or accumulate in cilia. The Hedgehog receptor Patched negatively regulates the activity and ciliary accumulation of Smoothened, a seven-transmembrane
Augusta Di Savino et al.
Blood, 125(14), 2245-2253 (2015-02-14)
We recently described morgana as an essential protein able to regulate centrosome duplication and genomic stability, by inhibiting ROCK. Here we show that morgana (+/-) mice spontaneously develop a lethal myeloproliferative disease resembling human atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML), preceded
Constantine Chrysostomou et al.
ACS chemical biology, 10(3), 875-882 (2014-12-18)
Microbial arsenate resistance is known to be conferred by specialized oxidoreductase enzymes termed arsenate reductases. We carried out a genetic selection on media supplemented with sodium arsenate for multicopy genes that can confer growth to E. coli mutant cells lacking
Ioanna Tiniakou et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(10), 4676-4687 (2015-04-15)
Aberrant levels and function of the potent anti-inflammatory high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and accelerated atherosclerosis have been reported in patients with autoimmune inflammatory diseases. Whether HDL affects the development of an autoimmune response remains elusive. In this study, we used apolipoprotein
Joana Maciel et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 20(1-2), 250-263 (2013-08-14)
Macrophages are phagocytic cells with great importance in guiding multiple stages of inflammation and tissue repair. By producing a large number of biologically active molecules, they can affect the behavior of other cells and events, such as the foreign body
Kyung Yuk Ko et al.
Journal of food protection, 78(6), 1090-1097 (2015-06-04)
The antimicrobial effects of thyme oil (TO), grapefruit seed extract (GSE), and basil essential oil, alone or in combination with cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), sodium diacetate, or lactic acid, were evaluated against Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a moisture-enhanced beef model system.
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