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W205702

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Ageliki Tsagaratou et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(32), E3306-E3315 (2014-07-30)
The discovery of Ten Eleven Translocation proteins, enzymes that oxidize 5-methylcytosine (5mC) in DNA, has revealed novel mechanisms for the regulation of DNA methylation. We have mapped 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) at different stages of T-cell development in the thymus and T-cell...
Leonardo Joaquim van Zyl et al.
Archives of virology, 160(9), 2269-2282 (2015-07-01)
The study of extremophilic phages may reveal new phage families as well as different mechanisms of infection, propagation and lysis to those found in phages from temperate environments. We describe a novel siphovirus, GVE3, which infects the thermophile Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius....
Nelson F Eng et al.
The Canadian journal of infectious diseases & medical microbiology = Journal canadien des maladies infectieuses et de la microbiologie medicale, 26(3), 137-144 (2015-08-04)
Helicobacter pylori plays a significant role in gastritis and ulcers. It is a carcinogen as defined by the WHO, and infection can result in adenocarcinomas and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas. In Canada, rates of antimicrobial resistance are relatively unknown, with...
Schreiber Pereira et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 32(26), 9035-9044 (2012-06-30)
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans can adapt to both the AWC-sensed odorants benzaldehyde (Bnz) and isoamyl alcohol (IsoA) and can reciprocally cross-adapt. Yet we reveal that these four adaptation scenarios actually represent two distinct forms of learning: nonassociative habituation and associative...
Young-Ran Song et al.
Food microbiology, 51, 171-178 (2015-07-19)
This study deals with understanding the effects of salt reduction on both the physicochemical and microbiological properties of soy sauce fermentation and also the application of indigenous yeast starters to compensate for undesirable changes occurring in salt-reduced processes. Fermentation was...
Vincent J Cannistraro et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(44), 26597-26609 (2015-09-12)
Sunlight-induced C to T mutation hot spots in skin cancers occur primarily at methylated CpG sites that coincide with sites of UV-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) formation. The C and 5-methyl-C in CPDs are not stable and deaminate to U...
Niels O Verhulst et al.
Malaria journal, 10, 28-28 (2011-02-10)
Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto is considered to be highly anthropophilic and volatiles of human origin provide essential cues during its host-seeking behaviour. A synthetic blend of three human-derived volatiles, ammonia, lactic acid and tetradecanoic acid, attracts A. gambiae. In addition...
Ross M Tanis et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1853(1), 213-221 (2014-12-03)
While the 3T3-L1 adipocyte model is routinely used for the study of obesity and diabetes, the mitochondrial respiratory profile in normal versus high glucose has not been examined in detail. We matured adipocytes in normal (5mM) or high (30 mM)...
T Geetha et al.
Journal of drug targeting, 23(2), 159-169 (2014-10-01)
Abstract Role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in skin carcinogenesis is well documented. Natural molecules, like sesamol, with marked antioxidant potential can be useful in combating skin cancers. In vitro antiproliferative (using MTT assay) and DNA fragmentation studies in HL...
D R Alves et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(21), 6694-6703 (2014-08-26)
Biofilms are major causes of impairment of wound healing and patient morbidity. One of the most common and aggressive wound pathogens is Staphylococcus aureus, displaying a large repertoire of virulence factors and commonly reduced susceptibility to antibiotics, such as the...
Nicholas C Flytzanis et al.
Nature communications, 5, 4894-4894 (2014-09-16)
Probing the neural circuit dynamics underlying behaviour would benefit greatly from improved genetically encoded voltage indicators. The proton pump Archaerhodopsin-3 (Arch), an optogenetic tool commonly used for neuronal inhibition, has been shown to emit voltage-sensitive fluorescence. Here we report two...
Anne Seifert et al.
Science signaling, 8(384), rs7-rs7 (2015-07-15)
The small ubiquitin-like modifier 2 (SUMO-2) is required for survival when cells are exposed to treatments that induce proteotoxic stress by causing the accumulation of misfolded proteins. Exposure of cells to heat shock or other forms of proteotoxic stress induces...
Alfonso Pérez-Garrido et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 17(2), 896-904 (2008-12-06)
This paper reports a QSAR study for predicting the complexation of a large and heterogeneous variety of substances (233 organic compounds) with beta-cyclodextrins (beta-CDs). Several different theoretical molecular descriptors, calculated solely from the molecular structure of the compounds under investigation...
Rebecca J Linger et al.
PloS one, 10(10), e0141544-e0141544 (2015-10-28)
In most animals that have X and Y sex chromosomes, chromosome-wide mechanisms are used to balance X-linked gene expression in males and females. In the fly Drosophila melanogaster, the dosage compensation mechanism also generally extends to X-linked transgenes. Over 70...
Malathi Banda et al.
Mutation research. Genetic toxicology and environmental mutagenesis, 789-790, 53-60 (2015-08-02)
This study investigated whether Kras mutation is an early event in the development of lung tumors induced by inhalation of particulate vanadium pentoxide (VP) aerosols. A National Toxicology Program tumor bioassay of inhaled particulate VP aerosols established that VP-induced alveolar/bronchiolar...
Teresa Sposito et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(18), 5260-5269 (2015-07-03)
The alternative splicing of the tau gene, MAPT, generates six protein isoforms in the adult human central nervous system (CNS). Tau splicing is developmentally regulated and dysregulated in disease. Mutations in MAPT that alter tau splicing cause frontotemporal dementia (FTD)...
Loes P M Duivenvoorde et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 467(6), 1179-1193 (2014-07-01)
Challenge tests stress homeostasis and may reveal deviations in health that remain masked under unchallenged conditions. Ideally, challenge tests are non-invasive and applicable in an early phase of an animal experiment. Oxygen restriction (OxR; based on ambient, mild normobaric hypoxia)...
José P Vaqué et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0119946-e0119946 (2015-03-17)
We have performed a comparative ultrasequencing study of multiple colorectal lesions obtained simultaneously from four patients. Our data show that benign lesions (adenomatous or hyperplastic polyps) contain a high mutational load. Additionally multiple synchronous colorectal lesions show non overlapping mutational...
Luca Bianco et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e110377-e110377 (2014-10-11)
High-density SNP arrays for genome-wide assessment of allelic variation have made high resolution genetic characterization of crop germplasm feasible. A medium density array for apple, the IRSC 8K SNP array, has been successfully developed and used for screens of bi-parental...
Marilyn C Erickson et al.
Journal of food protection, 78(12), 2156-2169 (2015-11-29)
Microbial spoilage of salmon occurs during extended refrigerated storage and is often accompanied by unpleasant aromas. When spoilage is detected, it is assumed that consumers will reject the product for consumption. Because sensory panels of trained individuals or consumers are...
Ewa Wunsch et al.
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 60(3), 931-940 (2014-02-13)
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is no longer recommended for management of adult patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). We undertook a prospective evaluation of UDCA withdrawal in a group of consecutive patients with PSC. Twenty six patients, all treated with UDCA...
Julia Walochnik et al.
The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology, 62(1), 3-11 (2014-07-23)
Acanthamoebae are the causative agents of an often seriously progressing keratitis (AK) occurring predominantly in contact lens wearers and can cause several disseminating infections potentially resulting in granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) in the immunocompromised host. Our institution is the Austrian...
Ilias Lagkouvardos et al.
Molecular nutrition & food research, 59(8), 1614-1628 (2015-05-20)
Flaxseeds contain the phytoestrogens lignans that must be activated to enterolignans by intestinal bacteria. We investigated the impact of flaxseeds on fecal bacterial communities and their associations with fecal and blood metabolites. Nine healthy male adult subjects ingested 0.3 g/kg/day...
Yiliang Ding et al.
Nature protocols, 10(7), 1050-1066 (2015-06-19)
Structure-seq is a high-throughput and quantitative method that provides genome-wide information on RNA structure at single-nucleotide resolution. Structure-seq can be performed both in vivo and in vitro to study RNA structure-function relationships, RNA regulation of gene expression and RNA processing....
Robert A Hartman et al.
Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 33(8), 1255-1264 (2015-04-14)
Mechanical loading is a salient factor in the progression of spinal disorders that contribute to back pain. Biological responses to loading modes like flexion/extension (F/E) in relevant spinal tissues remain unstudied. A novel, multi-axial experimental system was developed to subject...
Lorraine Endersen et al.
The Journal of general virology, 96(Pt 2), 463-477 (2014-11-06)
Bacteriophages and their derivatives are continuously gaining impetus as viable alternative therapeutic agents to control harmful multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens, particularly in the food industry. The reduced efficacy of conventional antibiotics has resulted in a quest to find novel alternatives in...
Christian Bellehumeur et al.
Journal of virological methods, 222, 182-191 (2015-07-02)
Pan-viral DNA array (PVDA) and high-throughput sequencing (HTS) are useful tools to identify novel viruses of emerging diseases. However, both techniques have difficulties to identify viruses in clinical samples because of the host genomic nucleic acid content (hg/cont). Both propidium...
Masateru Hasegawa et al.
Microbes and environments, 27(4), 525-528 (2012-10-11)
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), 2-methyl-1-butanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol and 2-phenylethanol, were detected together with β-cyclocitral from the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa NIES-843. These alcohols were optimally produced after 35 d of culture, during which nitrate nitrogen in the cultured broth became exhausted. Additionally...
Simon P Jochems et al.
Journal of virology, 89(13), 6918-6927 (2015-04-24)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in humans and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) in macaques (MAC) lead to chronic inflammation and AIDS. Natural hosts, such as African green monkeys (AGM) and sooty mangabeys (SM), are protected against SIV-induced chronic inflammation and AIDS....
Anne Benard et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 19(12), 1769-1778 (2014-10-09)
The apoptosis pathway of programmed cell death is frequently deregulated in cancer. An intact apoptosis pathway is required for proper response to anti-cancer treatment. We investigated the chromatin status of key apoptosis genes in the apoptosis pathway in colorectal cancer...
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