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W218405

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Emerson Silva Lima et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 18(1), 178-189 (2012-12-25)
4-nerolidylcatechol (4-NC) is an unstable natural product that exhibits important antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and other properties. It is readily obtainable on a multi-gram scale through straightforward solvent extraction of the roots of cultivated Piper peltatum or P. umbellatum, followed by column...
Hamid Reza Naijian et al.
Cryobiology, 66(2), 151-155 (2013-01-15)
Oxidative damage to sperm is one of the main causes for decline in motility and fertility of frozen-thawed sperm. Thus, it is crucial to use cryoprotectant agents in extender in order to prevent lethal intracellular ice crystal formation. The present...
Prapairat Seephonkai et al.
Journal of natural products, 72(10), 1892-1894 (2009-09-26)
The known phenanthrenone trigonostemone (1), along with a new phenanthrenone, 9-O-demethyltrigonostemone (2), and two new phenanthropolones, 3,6,9-trimethoxyphenanthropolone (3) and 4,6,9-trimethoxyphenanthropolone (4), were isolated from the roots of Strophioblachia fimbricalyx. Compound 2 showed cytotoxicity against NCI-H187, KB, and MCF7 cancer cells...
Wen Hu et al.
Chinese journal of natural medicines, 13(6), 445-453 (2015-06-16)
The present study was designed to establish and optimize a new method for extracting chlorogenic acid and cynaroside from Lonicera japonica Thunb. through orthogonal experimental designl. A new ultrahigh pressure extraction (UPE) technology was applied to extract chlorogenic acid and...
Lorena Claumarchirant et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(32), 7245-7251 (2015-08-06)
Sterol contents in infant formulas (IFs) from the European market were determined, and their intakes by infants between 0 and 6 months were evaluated. Total animal sterols (mg/100 mL) ranged from 1.71 to 5.46, cholesterol being the main animal sterol...
Mohammad Haaris Ajmal Khan et al.
Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS), 31, 53-60 (2015-05-26)
Cadmium (Cd) induces neurotoxicity owing to its highly deleterious capacity to cross the blood brain barrier (BBB). Recent studies have provided insights on antioxidant properties of bioflavonoids which have emerged as potential therapeutic and nutraceutical agents. The aim of our...
Zhen-Tao Sun et al.
Journal of anesthesia, 29(3), 346-351 (2014-12-06)
The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in oxidative stress and antioxidants in lung tissue under different tidal volume ventilation conditions. Forty-eight male Wistar rats were randomized into four groups, namely, group C, the control group, which...
Ali Rezaei-Golmisheh et al.
Iranian journal of basic medical sciences, 18(7), 691-699 (2015-09-12)
The current study was aimed to determine the bioactive constituents and biological effects of the Crataegus monogyna ethanolic extracts from bark, leaves and berries on hypercholesterolemia. Oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, quercetin and lupeol concentrations were quantified by HPLC. Total phenol...
Sheng-Hung Wang et al.
Archives of oral biology, 59(8), 800-807 (2014-05-27)
Plasma levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are different before and after periodontal treatment. Asians and Westerners have significantly different baseline levels of plasma PUFAs. However, no Asian study has reported the effects of nonsurgical treatment on the correlation between...
Ke Li et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 15(21), 6627-6631 (2007-09-04)
Three new natural occurring bromophenols, 3-(3-bromo-4,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-(3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid (1), (E)-4-(3-bromo-4,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-but-3-en-2-one (2), and (3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxyphenyl) acetic acid butyl ester (3), together with one known bromophenol, 1,2-bis(3-bromo-4,5-dihydroxyphenyl)ethane (4), were isolated and identified from the marine red alga Polysiphonia urceolata. The structures of these compounds...
Dana M LeMoine et al.
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science : JAALAS, 54(3), 311-316 (2015-06-06)
Aseptic technique includes the use of sterile surgical gloves for survival surgeries in rodents to minimize the incidence of infections. Exam gloves are much less expensive than are surgical gloves and may represent a cost-effective, readily available option for use...
Priyanka R Chaudhary et al.
Food chemistry, 188, 77-83 (2015-06-05)
In the current study, we examined the effects of postharvest degreening and storage on phytochemicals in Rio Red grapefruit. Grapefruits were degreened with 3.5 μl/l of ethylene at 21 °C and 80% relative humidity for 72 h, while non-degreened fruits...
E M Bomhard et al.
Mutation research, 277(3), 187-200 (1992-09-01)
Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) is an effective, widely used, low cost antioxidant. A host of studies examining the potential of BHT to cause point mutations have been published. They include in vitro studies on various bacterial species and strains and on...
Nikhil Baban Ghate et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0128221-e0128221 (2015-05-27)
Free iron typically leads to the formation of excess free radicals, and additional iron deposition in the liver contributes to the oxidative pathologic processes of liver disease. Many pharmacological properties of the insectivorous plant Drosera burmannii Vahl. have been reported...
Sean Ekins et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 38(12), 2302-2308 (2010-09-17)
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is one of the most important reasons for drug development failure at both preapproval and postapproval stages. There has been increased interest in developing predictive in vivo, in vitro, and in silico models to identify compounds...
Partha Pratim Roy et al.
Bioorganic chemistry, 56, 1-7 (2014-06-03)
The objective of the present work was tantamount to explain the antiperoxidative potential and structural requirements of twenty-eight structurally diverse classes of antioxidants on docetaxel-induced lipid peroxidation. Both experimental and computational approaches were taken to the work. The experiments were...
Alfred N Fonteh et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125597-e0125597 (2015-05-06)
Sphingolipids are important in many brain functions but their role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is not completely defined. A major limit is availability of fresh brain tissue with defined AD pathology. The discovery that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains abundant nanoparticles...
Wei Liu et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 47(8), 1101-1107 (2009-08-04)
Free radical-induced lipid peroxidation has been implicated in a number of human diseases including atherosclerosis, cancer, and neurodegenerative diseases. F(2)-Isoprostanes (IsoPs) are isomers of prostaglandin PGF(2alpha) that are generated in vivo from the free radical-initiated peroxidation of arachidonic acid independent...
Hong-Sook Bae et al.
Natural product communications, 10(6), 963-968 (2015-07-23)
This study examined the anthocyanin composition and antioxidant activity of various berries cultivated in Korea: blueberry, crowberry, Korean black raspberry, mulberry, and strawberry. The anthocyanins in berries were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis, and each component was quantitatively...
Adam H Metherel et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 145(3), 654-660 (2015-03-04)
Fingertip prick whole blood collection on chromatography paper is amenable to high-throughput fatty acid (FA) profiling for large clinical and field studies. However, sample storage is problematic because highly unsaturated FAs (HUFAs) in erythrocytes rapidly degrade in samples stored at...
Mei Yang et al.
Food chemistry, 177, 304-312 (2015-02-11)
It has been claimed that consumptions of Abrus cantoniensis (AC) and Abrus mollis (AM) as folk beverages and soups are good to cleanse liver toxicants and prevent liver diseases. There is scant information on the phytochemical profiles and antioxidant activities...
Arjen VanDoorn et al.
BMC plant biology, 10, 164-164 (2010-08-11)
Some plants distinguish mechanical wounding from herbivore attack by recognizing specific constituents of larval oral secretions (OS) which are introduced into plant wounds during feeding. Fatty acid-amino acid conjugates (FACs) are major constituents of Manduca sexta OS and strong elicitors...
Sarah E Norris et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 36(4), 1659-1669 (2015-02-14)
Membrane phospholipids make up a substantial portion of the human brain, and changes in their amount and composition are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of age-related neurodegenerative disease. Nevertheless, little is known about the changes that phospholipids...
Runzeng Liu et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1381, 13-21 (2015-01-24)
Robust analytical methods were developed for the determination of eight emerging synthetic phenolic antioxidants (SPAs) and three metabolites in sewage sludge, effluent and river water matrices. Accelerated solvent extraction was employed for the extraction of the target analytes from sludge...
Matthew R Chin et al.
ACS chemical neuroscience, 6(4), 542-550 (2015-01-24)
The natural product vinaxanthone has demonstrated a remarkable capability to promote nerve growth following injury or transplantation. In rats following total transection of the spinal cord delivery of vinaxanthone enhanced axonal regeneration, remyelination and angiogenesis at the site of injury...
Chamila Nimalaratne et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(11), 2956-2962 (2015-03-10)
Among dietary carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin are known to protect against age-related macular degeneration, a leading cause of irreversible vision loss in the elderly. Egg yolk is rich in lutein and zeaxanthin, however, the effect of cooking and gastrointestinal digestion...
Víctor Caz et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(33), 7371-7380 (2015-08-19)
Mushrooms are a source of dietary fiber (DF) with a cholesterol-lowering effect. However, their underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. The effect of DF-enriched fractions from three mushrooms species on cholesterol-related expression was studied in vitro. The Pleurotus ostreatus DF fraction...
Mohamed Bouaziz et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 16(20), 9238-9246 (2008-10-01)
The generated wastewater of table-olive brine processing contains a high amount of polyphenols which are endowed with interesting biological activities. The ethyl acetate extract (EAE) of such wastewater shows high hydroxytyrosol (HT) and tyrosol concentrations of 690 and 98 mg...
Husam Aljwaid et al.
Journal of diabetes and its complications, 29(7), 943-949 (2015-06-25)
To investigate the association between circulating non-transferrin-bound iron [NTBI], and markers of oxidative stress, endothelial function and inflammation in subjects with type 2 diabetes and non-diabetic subjects with varying degrees of obesity. Plasma NTBI was measured by HPLC, together with...
Wageeh A Yehye et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 17(7), 7645-7665 (2012-06-27)
A computer-aided predictions of antioxidant activities were performed with the Prediction Activity Spectra of Substances (PASS) program. Antioxidant activity of compounds 1, 3, 4 and 5 were studied using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and lipid peroxidation assays to verify the predictions obtained...
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