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  • GemC1 governs multiciliogenesis through direct interaction with and transcriptional regulation of p73.

GemC1 governs multiciliogenesis through direct interaction with and transcriptional regulation of p73.

Journal of cell science (2019-04-28)
Maria-Eleni Lalioti, Marina Arbi, Ioannis Loukas, Konstantina Kaplani, Argyro Kalogeropoulou, Georgia Lokka, Christina Kyrousi, Athanasia Mizi, Theodore Georgomanolis, Natasa Josipovic, Dimitrios Gkikas, Vladimir Benes, Panagiotis K Politis, Argyris Papantonis, Zoi Lygerou, Stavros Taraviras
ABSTRACT

A distinct combination of transcription factors elicits the acquisition of a specific fate and the initiation of a differentiation program. Multiciliated cells (MCCs) are a specialized type of epithelial cells that possess dozens of motile cilia on their apical surface. Defects in cilia function have been associated with ciliopathies that affect many organs, including brain and airway epithelium. Here we show that the geminin coiled-coil domain-containing protein 1 GemC1 (also known as Lynkeas) regulates the transcriptional activation of p73, a transcription factor central to multiciliogenesis. Moreover, we show that GemC1 acts in a trimeric complex with transcription factor E2F5 and tumor protein p73 (officially known as TP73), and that this complex is important for the activation of the p73 promoter. We also provide in vivo evidence that GemC1 is necessary for p73 expression in different multiciliated epithelia. We further show that GemC1 regulates multiciliogenesis through the control of chromatin organization, and the epigenetic marks/tags of p73 and Foxj1. Our results highlight novel signaling cues involved in the commitment program of MCCs across species and tissues.This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.