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Multifunctional mesoporous curcumin encapsulated iron-phenanthroline nanocluster: A new Anti-HIV agent.

Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces (2019-05-10)
Anu Sharma, Anita Yadav, Nikesh Gupta, Sandeep Sharma, Rita Kakkar, Katherine Cwiklinski, Elizabeth Quaye, Supriya D Mahajan, Stanley A Schwartz, Rakesh Kumar Sharma
ABSTRACT

A new strategy to encapsulating the drug curcumin into the hydrophobic core of the iron-phenanthroline nanocomplex (NIP) and eventually its release is signified. NIP was prepared via coordinate interaction between Fe2+ and the lone pairs present on the N atoms of the bidentate phenanthroline ligand (spherical morphology, diameter 18.8 nm, mesoporous with pore size 2.443 nm, amorphous). Thereafter, curcumin was successfully encapsulated (NCIP) in NIP, resulting in its enhanced stability (spherical morphology, diameter 46.8 nm). The nanocomplex NIP was used for drug delivery applications. We evaluated the anti-HIV effects of NCIP in vitro on cultures of HIV infected human microglia. The treatment of HIV-1 infected microglia with NCIP significantly decreased the expression of HIV-p24 by 41% and pro-inflammatory mediators TNF-α, IL-8 and NO by 61.2%, 41% and 50.2%, respectively, compared to NIP. Flow cytometry data also support the decrease in TNF-α and IL-8 expression in case of NCIP. NCIP induced antioxidative effects by increasing the gene expression of catalase (CAT) and simulatenously decreasing hemeoxygenase-1 (HMOX-1) gene expression, thereby maintaining homeostasis which reduces neuroinflammation. These results support our premise that NCIP may be a significant adjuvant when used with traditional anti-retroviral regimens and may ameliorate HIV-1 associated neurotoxicity.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dulbecco′s Modified Eagle′s Medium/Nutrient Mixture F-12 Ham, With L-glutamine, 15 mM HEPES, and sodium bicarbonate, liquid, sterile-filtered, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Galacto-N-biose
Sigma-Aldrich
1,10-Phenanthroline, ≥99%