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  • Cytogenetic and microtubule array effects of the zineb-containing commercial fungicide formulation Azzurro(®) on meristematic root cells of Allium cepa L.

Cytogenetic and microtubule array effects of the zineb-containing commercial fungicide formulation Azzurro(®) on meristematic root cells of Allium cepa L.

Mutation research (2011-12-14)
Nancy B Andrioli, Sonia Soloneski, Marcelo L Larramendy, Marta D Mudry
ABSTRACT

Zineb [ethylene bis(dithiocarbamate) zinc] is a widely employed foliar fungicide for agricultural and industrial applications. Allium cepa L. is a reliable model for the assessment of xenobiotic genotoxicity and cytotoxicity. We evaluated the effects of the zineb-containing commercial formulation Azzurro(®) (70% zineb) in cell cycle stages of the meristem root cells of A. cepa. The mitotic index (MI), chromosomal aberrations at anaphase/telophase (CAs), micronuclei (MN), and abnormalities in immunodetected microtubule structures, e.g., preprophasic band (PPB), mitotic spindle (MS), and phragmoplast (Phrag), were used as end-points. Azzurro(®) (1 and 10μg/ml) induced a significant increase in the frequency of CAs (P<0.05), and the higher concentration inhibited the MI (P<0.05) compared to control values. The frequency of MN did not differ from control values at any concentration. Treatment with 1μg/ml Azzurro(®) induced a significant increase in the frequency of abnormal PPB (P<0.01), MS (P<0.001), and Phrag (P<0.01) and, at 10μg/ml, enhancements in the frequencies of abnormal MS (P<0.05) and Phrag (P<0.05) were seen. A tubulin immunodetection assay showed that exposure to Azzurro(®) interferes with normal assembly of microtubule structures during mitosis.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Zineb, PESTANAL®, analytical standard