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[A comparison study of hpt and bar as selection marker gene of transgenic rice].

Yi chuan = Hereditas (2012-12-25)
Chun-Yu Zhang, Hong-Yu Li, Bin Liu
ABSTRACT

The decision of using selection marker is one of the key factors for success of plant genetic transformation and offspring screening. As two commonly used selection markers, hpt and bar genes are widely used in tissue culture-based rice transformation. To experimentally compare their performance, we investigated the efficiency of two transformation systems using Hygromycin and Bialaphos as the selection agents, respectively. The result indicated that the system using hpt gene as the selection marker saved 10 days and had double transformation efficiency and lower transgene copy number in comparison to the system using bar gene. Then, we assessed the feasibility of screening transgenic rice in the field by soaking the wild-type and transgenic seeds in a series of solutions containing step diluted hygromycin for two days. We targeted the suitable concentration for distinguishing the transgenic seeds from WT Kitaake seeds was 167 mg L(-1). However, the cost of screening by hygromycin is still much higher than that of Basta in field test. Therefore, this study experimentally demonstrated the advantages and disadvantages of the hpt and bar gene as the selection markers and thus provided a reference for choose of an appropriate selection marker according to the practical applications.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Hygromycin B from Streptomyces hygroscopicus, suitable for plant cell culture, BioReagent, ≥60% (HPLC), lyophilized powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Hygromycin B from Streptomyces hygroscopicus, powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Hygromycin B from Streptomyces hygroscopicus, lyophilized powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Hygromycin B solution from Streptomyces hygroscopicus, ≥60% (HPLC), 45-60 mg/mL in H2O