The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) couples to signalling pathways via intracellular loops 2 and 3, and the C-terminus. However, the requirements for signalling are largely undefined. We investigated the impacts of selected point mutations in iL-2 (F706A) and iL-3 (L797A and E803A), and a truncation of the C-terminus (R866X) on extracellular Ca(2+) (Ca(2+)o)-stimulated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase-C (PI-PLC) and various other signalling responses. CaSR-mediated activation of PI-PLC was markedly attenuated in all four mutants and similar suppressions were observed for Ca(2+)o-stimulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Ca(2+)o-stimulated intracellular Ca(2+) (Ca(2+)i) mobilization, however, was relatively preserved for the iL-2 and iL-3 mutants and suppression of adenylyl cyclase was unaffected by either E803A or R866X. The CaSR selects for specific signalling pathways via the proximal C-terminus and key residues in iL-2, iL-3.