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Effect of epigallocatechin gallate on drug transport mediated by the proton-coupled folate transporter.

Drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics (2014-04-04)
Maika Kissei, Tomoo Itoh, Tomoya Narawa
ABSTRACT

Folic acid (FA) is a water-soluble vitamin, and orally ingested FA is absorbed from the small intestine by the proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT). In the present study, we investigated whether epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), one of the tea catechins, affects the transport of FA by PCFT. EGCG inhibited the uptake of FA into Caco-2 cells and human PCFT-expressing HEK293 cells (PCFT-HEK293 cells). The initial rate of uptake of FA into PCFT-HEK293 cells followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics (K(m) = 1.9 µM). Dixon plots revealed that PCFT-mediated FA uptake was competitively inhibited by EGCG (K(i) ≒ 9 µM). The uptake of the PCFT substrate methotrexate (MTX) was competitively inhibited by EGCG as well (K(i) ≒ 15 µM). In conclusion, it is suggested that when FA or MTX is ingested with tea, it is likely that the intestinal absorption of these compounds by PCFT is inhibited, which could result in insufficient efficacy.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
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SAFC
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USP
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