Metabolomics and peptidomics are systems biology approaches in which broad populations of molecular species produced in a cell or tissue sample are identified and quantified. These two molecular populations, metabolites and peptides, can be extracted from tissues in a similar fashion, and we therefore have here developed an integrated platform for their extraction and characterization. This was accomplished by liquid-liquid extraction of peptides and metabolites from tissue samples and online strong cation exchange (SCX) separation to allow characterization of each population individually. The platform was validated both by a mixed set of purified standards and by an analysis of splenic tissue from SIV-infected macaques, showing both good reproducibility in chromatography, with relative standard deviation (RSD) of hold time less than 0.4%, and clear separation of charge state, with ∼ 95% of molecular features in SCX separated runs at charge states of +1 or +2. Finally, we used this platform to analyze the physiological response to infection in the spleen, showing that the spleen contains an abundance of hemoglobin-derived peptides, which do not appear to change in response to infection, and that there appears to be a large and variable metabolic response to infection. We therefore present a method for peptidomic and metabolomic profiling which is simple, robust, and easy to implement.