Genotype: F–ompT hsdSB (rB– mB–) gal dcm (DE3)
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A common method for transformation of DNA plasmids into E. coli is the use of chemically competent cells. Although competent cells can be prepared in the laboratory, greater efficiency, reproducibility, and convenience are achieved using Novagen prepared competent cells. Novagen® Singles Competent Cells are designed for ultimate convenience and reliability in plasmid transformation. Chemically competent cells are prepared using an optimized method. Cells are provided in 50 µl volumes, eliminating the need to aliquot, freeze/thaw, or waste partially used vials, saving time and money and ensuring reliable cell performance. To use, simply thaw, add DNA, incubate 5 minutes on ice, heat shock for 30 seconds, place on ice for 2 minutes, and add SOC medium.
T7 expression strains are lysogens of bacteriophageDE3, as indicated by the (DE3). These hosts carry achromosomal copy of the T7 RNA polymerase gene under control of the lacUV5 promoter. Such strains are suitable for production of protein from target genes cloned in appropriate T7 expression vectors, using IPTG as an inducer.
BL21 has been the gold standard for protein expression since it was first introduced in 1990. Deficient in lon and ompT proteases, BL21 and its derivatives are ideal for many applications.
BL21(DE3) is a chemically competent E. coli cell suitable for transformation and high level protein expression using a T7 RNA polymerase-IPTG induction system.