An efficient method for extracting microplastics from feces of different species.

Journal of hazardous materials (2019-11-11)
Zehua Yan, Huajin Zhao, Yanping Zhao, Qiande Zhu, Ruxia Qiao, Hongqiang Ren, Yan Zhang
RÉSUMÉ

Concerns have been raised regarding the ingestion of microplastics (MPs) by numerous organisms including humans. However, no efficient and standardized methods are available for extracting MPs from feces. In this study, we introduce a novel approach with high digestion efficiency that involves using Fenton's reagent and nitric acid to remove feces solids. Firstly, Fenton's reagent was used to degrade small solids and decompose large solids into small pieces. Secondly, nitric acid was used to digest the remaining solids and filters. Furthermore, absolute ethyl alcohol was used to remove the mineral residues wrapped on the plastic surfaces and disperse MPs. By using this method, 97.78 % MPs can be recovered from human and chicken feces, and no significant changes were observed in the physical and Raman spectral properties of different polymer types of MPs. This method has also been verified by extracting MPs from field feces. Overall, the proposed method can efficiently digest feces solids and extract MPs with higher recovery rate, less intermediate steps and less damage, which can serve as an economical and feasible method for the detection of MPs in the feces of different species.

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Description du produit

Milli-Q
Millipak® Filter, 0.22 μm membrane filter for particulate and bacteria-free water at the point of dispense for the Milli-Q® IQ, IX and EQ systems