Lysophospholipid acyltransferases and leukotriene biosynthesis: intersection of the Lands cycle and the arachidonate PI cycle.

Journal of lipid research (2019-01-05)
Robert C Murphy, Giancarlo Folco
RÉSUMÉ

Leukotrienes (LTs) are autacoids derived from the precursor arachidonic acid (AA) via the action of five-lipoxygenase (5-LO). When inflammatory cells are activated, 5-LO translocates to the nuclear membrane to initiate oxygenation of AA released by cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) into leukotriene A4 (LTA4). LTA4 can also be exported from an activated donor cell into an acceptor cell by the process of transcellular biosynthesis. When thimerosal is added to cells, the level of free AA increases by inhibition of lysophospholipid acyltransferases of the Lands pathway of phospholipid remodeling. Another arachidonate phospholipid cycle involves phosphatidylinositol (PI) in the plasma membrane that undoubtedly intersects with the Lands pathway of phospholipid remodeling. The highest abundance of PI occurs between the ER and the plasma membrane and is probably a result of the importance of the PI signaling cascade in cellular biochemistry. Because transport proteins mediate the rapid intracellular movement of phospholipids, largely as result of physical membrane contact, 5-LO-dependent production of LTA4 could be mediated by the disappearance of free AA from the nuclear membrane, transfer to the ER for Lands cycle reesterification into PI, and population of PI(18:0/20:4) for cell membrane signaling.

MATÉRIAUX
Référence de produit
Marque
Description du produit

Avanti
18:0-20:4 DG, 1-stearoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol, chloroform
Avanti
N-20:4 L-Serine (ARA-S), N-arachidonoyl L-serine, chloroform