Merck
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36541

Supelco

Paraquat dichloride hydrate

PESTANAL®, analytical standard

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Synonym(s):
1,1′-Dimethyl-4,4′-bipyridinium dichloride hydrate, Gramoxone, Methyl viologen dichloride, Paraquat dichloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C12H14Cl2N2 · xH2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
257.16 (anhydrous basis)
Beilstein:
3752782
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

analytical standard

Quality Level

product line

PESTANAL®

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

application(s)

agriculture
environmental

format

neat

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

C[N+]1=CC=C(C2=CC=[N+](C)C=C2)C=C1.[Cl-].[Cl-].O

InChI

1S/C12H14N2.2ClH.H2O/c1-13-7-3-11(4-8-13)12-5-9-14(2)10-6-12;;;/h3-10H,1-2H3;2*1H;1H2/q+2;;;/p-2

InChI key

RLGVBTFWTZJYIL-UHFFFAOYSA-L

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This Item
8561775063631092
Paraquat dichloride hydrate PESTANAL®, analytical standard

Supelco

36541

Paraquat dichloride hydrate

PCB No 209 analytical standard

Supelco

31092

PCB No 209

product line

PESTANAL®

product line

-

product line

PESTANAL®

product line

-

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable, gas chromatography (GC): suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable, gas chromatography (GC): suitable

format

neat

format

-

format

neat

format

neat

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

shelf life

-

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

application(s)

agriculture
environmental

application(s)

-

application(s)

agriculture

application(s)

environmental

General description

Paraquat dichloride hydrate is a dipyridilium compound, which can find wide applications as a contact herbicide in weed control management. Its mode of action involves the destruction of plant tissue, via disruption of photosynthesis process and rupturing cell membranes leading to desiccation of foliage.

Application

Refer to the product′s Certificate of Analysis for more information on a suitable instrument technique. Contact Technical Service for further support.

Legal Information

PESTANAL is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Dermal - Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificates of Analysis (COA)

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Inhibition of c-Src protects paraquat induced microvascular endothelial injury by modulating caveolin-1 phosphorylation and caveolae mediated transcellular permeability
Yu H and Qing H
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 52, 62-68 (2017)
Field Dissiation Kinetics of Paraquat in Acid Soil as Function of Concentration and its Residues in Tea Leaves
Janaki.P and Chinnusamy.C
Asian Journal of Chemistry, 28, 1639-1639 (2016)
Hiroki Nagai et al.
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Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an incurable, late-onset motor neuron disease, linked strongly to various causative genetic loci. ALS8 codes for a missense mutation, P56S, in VAMP-associated protein B (VAPB) that causes the protein to misfold and form cellular
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