Merck
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G0282

Sigma-Aldrich

Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor from mouse

GM-CSF, from mouse, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, lyophilized powder, suitable for cell culture

Synonym(s):
GM-CSF
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

mouse

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

assay

≥97% (SDS-PAGE)

form

lyophilized powder

potency

≤0.2 ng/mL EC50 (corresponds to ≥5 × 106 units/mg)

quality

endotoxin tested

mol wt

~15 kDa (125 amino acids including N-terminal methionine)

packaging

pkg of 5 and 50 μg

storage condition

avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

≤1 EU/mg

color

white

solubility

water: soluble, clear, colorless

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

Biochem/physiol Actions

Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a growth and differentiation factor for cells in the granulocyte, macrophage and eosinophil lineage. GM-CSF stimulates colony formation from pluripotential progenitor cells at extremely low concentrations and is an essential survival and proliferative factor for hematopoietic progenitor cells in all divisions up to maturity. It also stimulates growth in some epithelial cells and osteoclasts. GM-CSF is produced by a variety of cell types (monocytes, endothelial cells, T-cells, fibroblasts, mitogen-stimulated B-cells, and LPS-stimulated macrophages). GM-CSF is secreted as a single chain glycoprotein containing 128 amino acids for human with a conserved disulfide bond. Human and murine GM-CSF share approx. 54% sequence homology and do not cross-react in bioactivity.

Physical form

Lyophilized from 10 mM acetic acid plus 250 μg BSA.

Analysis Note

The EC50 activity of mouse GM-CSF is tested in culture using murine FDP-1 cells.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

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Quotes and Ordering

M A Guthridge et al.
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), 16(5), 301-313 (1998-10-10)
The process of ligand binding leading to receptor activation is an ordered and sequential one. High-affinity binding of GM-CSF, interleukin 3 (IL-3), and IL-5 to their receptors induces a number of key events at the cell surface and within the
R C Skoda
Journal of receptor and signal transduction research, 19(1-4), 741-772 (1999-03-11)
The helical cytokines constitute a family of proteins with a common three-dimensional structure. They exert a wide variety of biological effects with a preference for the hematopoietic system. The effects of helical cytokines are mediated by cell surface receptors, which
M H Heim
Journal of receptor and signal transduction research, 19(1-4), 75-120 (1999-03-11)
The Jak-STAT pathway was originally discovered through the study of interferon induced intracellular signal transduction. Meanwhile, a large number of cytokines, hormones and growth factors have been found to activate Jaks and STATs. Jaks (Janus Kinases) are a unique class
A Kelso
Immunology and cell biology, 76(4), 300-317 (1998-09-02)
Cytokines participate in the induction and effector phases of all immune and inflammatory responses. They are therefore obvious tools and targets for strategies designed to promote, inhibit or redirect these responses. However, the complexity of the cytokine network has hindered
Bin Ji et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 28(47), 12255-12267 (2008-11-21)
We demonstrate the significance of peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) imaging in living mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) as biomarkers and functional signatures of glial activation. By radiochemically and immunohistochemically analyzing murine models of the two pathological hallmarks of AD

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