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Frances Gays et al.
PloS one, 6(3), e18475-e18475 (2011-04-13)
Comprehensive analysis of the transcription start sites of the Ly49 genes of C57BL/6 mice using the oligo-capping 5'-RACE technique revealed that the genes encoding the "missing self" inhibitory receptors, Ly49A, C, G, and I, were transcribed from multiple broad regions
Farid Ahmad Siddiqui et al.
SLAS discovery : advancing life sciences R & D, 25(2), 195-206 (2019-10-31)
The protein-folding chaperone Hsp90 enables the maturation and stability of various oncogenic signaling proteins and is thus pursued as a cancer drug target. Folding in particular of protein kinases is assisted by the co-chaperone Cdc37. Several inhibitors against the Hsp90
María Jesús Pérez de Vega et al.
Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 9(9) (2020-08-29)
Antioxidant compounds, including polyphenols, have therapeutic effects because of their anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, antithrombotic and antiproliferative properties. They play important roles in protecting the cardiovascular and neurological systems, by having preventive or protective effects against free radicals produced by either normal
Katerina Cizkova et al.
Cells, tissues, organs, 208(1-2), 37-47 (2020-04-06)
Cytochrome (CYP) epoxygenases (CYP2C and CYP2J) and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) participate in the metabolism of arachidonic acid and may also have a potential role in enterocyte differentiation. The first critical step in the study of intestinal cell differentiation is
Ilkka Paatero et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 8423-8423 (2017-08-23)
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are extensively explored as drug delivery systems, but in depth understanding of design-toxicity relationships is still scarce. We used zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos to study toxicity profiles of differently surface functionalized MSNs. Embryos with the chorion
Haiqiang Wu et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109438-e109438 (2014-10-03)
Inhibition of β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregation is an attractive therapeutic and preventive strategy for the discovery of disease-modifying agents in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Phomopsis occulta is a new, salt-tolerant fungus isolated from mangrove Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre. We report here the
Enikő Balogh et al.
Biomedicines, 9(4) (2021-05-01)
Calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS) is a heart disease characterized by the progressive fibro-calcific remodeling of the aortic valves, an actively regulated process with the involvement of the reactive oxygen species-mediated differentiation of valvular interstitial cells (VICs) into osteoblast-like cells.
Frances Gays et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(12), 6068-6081 (2015-05-01)
Missing self recognition of MHC class I molecules is mediated in murine species primarily through the stochastic expression of CD94/NKG2 and Ly49 receptors on NK cells. Previous studies have suggested that the stochastic expression of Ly49 receptors is achieved through
Min Zheng et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 295(41), 14040-14052 (2020-08-09)
Coronaviruses have caused several zoonotic infections in the past two decades, leading to significant morbidity and mortality globally. Balanced regulation of cell death and inflammatory immune responses is essential to promote protection against coronavirus infection; however, the underlying mechanisms that
Steffen K Meurer et al.
Cellular signalling, 74, 109731-109731 (2020-08-08)
Chemoresistance is a multifactorial and complex phenomenon, leading to re-adjustment of several intracellular signaling pathways and expression patterns which compromises the efficacy of cancer drug chemo-therapy. Via comparative analysis of sensitive and doxorubicin-resistant 4T1 cells, here we show that Lipocalin
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Alexandra Sorvina et al.
Cells, 9(2) (2020-02-09)
Innate immunity is critical for host defence against pathogen and environmental challenge and this involves the production and secretion of immune mediators, such as antimicrobial peptides and pro-inflammatory cytokines. However, when dysregulated, innate immunity can contribute to multifactorial diseases, including
Giuseppa Grasso et al.
Nucleic acids research, 48(12), 6874-6888 (2020-05-20)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are predicted to regulate the expression of >60% of mammalian genes and play fundamental roles in most biological processes. Deregulation of miRNA expression is a hallmark of most cancers and further investigation of mechanisms controlling miRNA biogenesis is
Rebecca E Tweedell et al.
Nature protocols, 15(10), 3284-3333 (2020-09-09)
Inflammasomes are multimeric heterogeneous mega-Dalton protein complexes that play key roles in the host innate immune response to infection and sterile insults. Assembly of the inflammasome complex following infection or injury begins with the oligomerization of the upstream inflammasome-forming sensor
Shelbi Christgen et al.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, 10, 237-237 (2020-06-18)
Programmed cell death plays crucial roles in organismal development and host defense. Recent studies have highlighted mechanistic overlaps and extensive, multifaceted crosstalk between pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necroptosis, three programmed cell death pathways traditionally considered autonomous. The growing body of evidence
Ana Asenjo-Bueno et al.
Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 10(8) (2021-08-28)
Aging impairs vascular function, but the mechanisms involved are unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze whether aging-related hyperphosphatemia is implied in this effect by elucidating the role of oxidative stress. C57BL6 mice that were aged 5 months
Jenny Joutsen et al.
Cell reports, 30(2), 583-597 (2020-01-16)
Maintenance of protein homeostasis, through inducible expression of molecular chaperones, is essential for cell survival under protein-damaging conditions. The expression and DNA-binding activity of heat shock factor 2 (HSF2), a member of the heat shock transcription factor family, increase upon
Islam M Saadeldin et al.
Animals : an open access journal from MDPI, 10(4) (2020-03-29)
This study was conducted to compare the effects of acute hyperthermia (45 °C for 4 h) on the viability, proliferation, and migratory activity through wound-healing assays of cow and sheep fibroblasts. The study examined the effects on primary cultures and
Farid Ahmad Siddiqui et al.
Cancers, 13(4) (2021-03-07)
The ATP-competitive inhibitors of Hsp90 have been tested predominantly in kinase addicted cancers; however, they have had limited success. A mechanistic connection between Hsp90 and oncogenic K-Ras is not known. Here, we show that K-Ras selectivity is enabled by the
Zdenek Tauber et al.
Medical molecular morphology, 53(3), 141-148 (2019-12-12)
Fibrates belong to a group of ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), which play a role in the regulation of CYP epoxygenases and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), key enzymes in the metabolism of biologically highly active epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs).
Ruut Kummala et al.
Biomacromolecules, 21(4), 1560-1567 (2020-03-10)
Biodegradable and renewable materials, such as cellulose nanomaterials, have been studied as a replacement material for traditional plastics in the biomedical field. Furthermore, in chronic wound care, modern wound dressings, hydrogels, and active synthetic extracellular matrices promoting tissue regeneration are
Felicia L Smith et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 524(11), 2182-2207 (2015-12-15)
The spiral ganglion is a compelling model system to examine how morphological form contributes to sensory function. While the ganglion is composed mainly of a single class of type I neurons that make simple one-to-one connections with inner hair cell
Enikő Balogh et al.
Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, 39(6), 1088-1099 (2019-05-10)
Objective- Vascular calcification is associated with high risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. Osteochondrogenic differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is the major cellular mechanism underlying vascular calcification. Because tissue hypoxia is a common denominator in vascular calcification, we
Elena Seiradake et al.
The EMBO journal, 30(21), 4479-4488 (2011-09-29)
Brain wiring depends on cells making highly localized and selective connections through surface protein-protein interactions, including those between NetrinGs and NetrinG ligands (NGLs). The NetrinGs are members of the structurally uncharacterized netrin family. We present a comprehensive crystallographic analysis comprising
Min Zheng et al.
Nature immunology, 22(7), 829-838 (2021-05-09)
The innate immune response is critical for recognizing and controlling infections through the release of cytokines and chemokines. However, severe pathology during some infections, including SARS-CoV-2, is driven by hyperactive cytokine release, or a cytokine storm. The innate sensors that
Jesús García-Cano et al.
Oncotarget, 6(17), 15551-15565 (2015-06-04)
Resistance to cisplatin is a major challenge in the current cancer therapy. In order to explore new therapeutic strategies to cisplatin resistance, we evaluated, in a model of lung cancer (H1299 and H460 cell lines), the nature of the pathways
Anastasia Syntychaki et al.
Journal of proteome research, 18(9), 3521-3531 (2019-07-30)
Proteins are involved in all tasks of life, and their characterization is essential to understand the underlying mechanisms of biological processes. We present a method called "differential visual proteomics" geared to study proteome-wide structural changes of proteins and protein-complexes between
Benjamin E Maimon et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 14076-14076 (2018-09-21)
Optogenetic technologies have been the subject of great excitement within the scientific community for their ability to demystify complex neurophysiological pathways in the central (CNS) and peripheral nervous systems (PNS). The excitement surrounding optogenetics has also extended to the clinic
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