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Juan Zhou et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 63(17), 9340-9359 (2020-08-14)
The phospholipase A and acyltransferase (PLAAT) family of cysteine hydrolases consists of five members, which are involved in the Ca2+-independent production of N-acylphosphatidylethanolamines (NAPEs). NAPEs are lipid precursors for bioactive N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) that are involved in various physiological processes such
Paul de Saram et al.
Journal of cell science, 130(19), 3360-3373 (2017-08-05)
The centrosome and cilium are organelles with important roles in microtubule organisation, cell division, cell signalling, embryogenesis and tissue homeostasis. The two organelles are mutually exclusive. The centriole/basal body is found at the core of the centrosome (centriole) or at
Tobias H Dovmark et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 32(1), 83-96 (2017-09-09)
ATP fuels the removal of metabolic end-products, including H
Leonard Koolman et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 220, 33-38 (2016-01-17)
Studies were undertaken to investigate the effect of oxidative stress conditions (exposure to hydrogen peroxide, H2O2) on [1] the expression of 14 Campylobacter jejuni virulence-associated genes associated with motility and/or invasion (flaA, flaB, flhA, flhB, ciaB, iamA), adhesion (cadF), cytotoxin
Geraldine M Flaujac Lafontaine et al.
Nutrients, 12(5) (2020-05-06)
Prebiotic oligosaccharides are widely used as human and animal feed additives for their beneficial effects on the gut microbiota. However, there are limited data to assess the direct effect of such functional foods on the transcriptome of intestinal epithelial cells.
Ratnasekhar Ch et al.
Nature communications, 12(1), 377-377 (2021-01-17)
Circadian clocks coordinate mammalian behavior and physiology enabling organisms to anticipate 24-hour cycles. Transcription-translation feedback loops are thought to drive these clocks in most of mammalian cells. However, red blood cells (RBCs), which do not contain a nucleus, and cannot
Manganese-induced Mitochondrial Dysfunction Is Not Detectable at Exposures Below the Acute Cytotoxic Threshold in Neuronal Cell Types.
Warren, et al.
Toxicological Sciences, 176, 446-459 (2020)
Sophie Kernéis et al.
Natural product research, 29(11), 1026-1034 (2014-11-26)
Many plant species within the terrestrial ecological zones of Canada have not yet been investigated for anti-cancer activity. We examined the scientific literature describing the endemic flora from the prairie ecological zone and selected the species, Thermopsis rhombifolia, locally known
Barbora Vyhlídalová et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 21(7) (2020-04-15)
We examined the effects of gut microbial catabolites of tryptophan on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Using a reporter gene assay, we show that all studied catabolites are low-potency agonists of human AhR. The efficacy of catabolites differed substantially, comprising
Michael P Greenwood et al.
Frontiers in molecular neuroscience, 10, 413-413 (2018-01-10)
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) inducible transcription factor cAMP responsive element binding protein 3 like 1 (Creb3l1) is strongly activated in the hypothalamus in response to hyperosmotic cues such as dehydration (DH). We have recently shown that Creb3l1 expression is upregulated by
Nadine J Ortner et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 37(28), 6761-6777 (2017-06-09)
Ca2+-influx through L-type Ca2+-channels (LTCCs) is associated with activity-related stressful oscillations of Ca2+ levels within dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN), which may contribute to their selective degeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD). LTCC blockers were neuroprotective in mouse
Morgane Agez et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 16452-16452 (2017-12-01)
KCC2 is a neuron specific K+-Cl- co-transporter that controls neuronal chloride homeostasis, and is critically involved in many neurological diseases including brain trauma, epilepsies, autism and schizophrenia. Despite significant accumulating data on the biology and electrophysiological properties of KCC2, structure-function
Wing Yin Tong et al.
Journal of nanobiotechnology, 16(1), 38-38 (2018-04-15)
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) overexpression plays a major role in chemoresistance in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) contributing to its notorious deadly nature. Although MRP1-siRNA transfection to GBM in vitro has been shown to sensitise the cells to drug, MRP1 silencing
Tina Batista Napotnik et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 26(21) (2021-11-14)
Electroporation (EP) is one of the successful physical methods for intracellular drug delivery, which temporarily permeabilizes plasma membrane by exposing cells to electric pulses. Orientation of cells in electric field is important for electroporation and, consequently, for transport of molecules
Dieter Fink et al.
PloS one, 14(11), e0224576-e0224576 (2019-11-08)
Intra-bone marrow transplantation (IBMT) has been adapted for mouse models to improve the seeding efficiency of transplanted hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. Commonly used injection volumes for IBMT into the tibia differ between 10 and 40 μL even though considerable
Elliot D Mock et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 64(1), 481-515 (2021-01-01)
N-Acylphosphatidylethanolamine phospholipase D (NAPE-PLD) is regarded as the main enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of N-acylethanolamines (NAEs), a family of bioactive lipid mediators. Previously, we reported N-(cyclopropylmethyl)-6-((S)-3-hydroxypyrrolidin-1-yl)-2-((S)-3-phenylpiperidin-1-yl)pyrimidine-4-carboxamide (1, LEI-401) as the first potent and selective NAPE-PLD inhibitor that decreased NAEs
Satish Patel et al.
Cell metabolism, 29(3), 707-718 (2019-01-15)
GDF15 is an established biomarker of cellular stress. The fact that it signals via a specific hindbrain receptor, GFRAL, and that mice lacking GDF15 manifest diet-induced obesity suggest that GDF15 may play a physiological role in energy balance. We performed
Shaun Martin et al.
Acta neuropathologica, 139(6), 1001-1024 (2020-03-17)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative brain disease presenting with a variety of motor and non-motor symptoms, loss of midbrain dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and the occurrence of α-synuclein-positive Lewy bodies in surviving neurons. Here
Iman Azimi et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 15140-15140 (2017-11-11)
One of the hallmarks of the tumour microenvironment is hypoxia resulting from increased oxygen consumption by proliferative cancer cells and altered vasculature. Hypoxic tension initiates various cellular signals and can drive epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process important in
Veena Padmanaban et al.
Nature protocols, 15(8), 2413-2442 (2020-07-22)
Cancer invasion and metastasis are challenging to study in vivo since they occur deep inside the body over extended time periods. Organotypic 3D culture of fresh tumor tissue enables convenient real-time imaging, genetic and microenvironmental manipulation and molecular analysis. Here
Haruka Chino et al.
Molecular cell, 74(5), 909-921 (2019-04-23)
Certain proteins and organelles can be selectively degraded by autophagy. Typical substrates and receptors of selective autophagy have LC3-interacting regions (LIRs) that bind to autophagosomal LC3 and GABARAP family proteins. Here, we performed a differential interactome screen using wild-type LC3B
Matthew Baxter et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-01-16)
Efficient mitochondrial function is required in tissues with high energy demand such as the heart, and mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular disease. Expression of mitochondrial proteins is tightly regulated in response to internal and external stimuli. Here we identify
Tomas Malinauskas et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(27), 15620-15631 (2020-06-25)
Repulsive guidance molecules (RGMs) are cell surface proteins that regulate the development and homeostasis of many tissues and organs, including the nervous, skeletal, and immune systems. They control fundamental biological processes, such as migration and differentiation by direct interaction with
Aintzane García-Bea et al.
Journal of psychopharmacology (Oxford, England), 31(12), 1519-1526 (2017-06-29)
As well as being expressed as a full-length transcript, the group II metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 (GRM3, mGlu3) gene is expressed as an mRNA isoform which lacks exon 4 (GRM3Δ4) and which is predicted to encode a protein with a
Aisling M Ross et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 113, 110985-110985 (2020-06-04)
Delivering therapeutics to disease sites is a challenge facing modern medicine. Nanoparticle delivery systems are of considerable interest to overcome this challenge, but these systems suffer from poor clinical translation. It is believed this is, in part, due to incomplete
Peter S J Bailey et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 4046-4046 (2020-08-15)
2-oxoglutarate (2-OG or α-ketoglutarate) relates mitochondrial metabolism to cell function by modulating the activity of 2-OG dependent dioxygenases involved in the hypoxia response and DNA/histone modifications. However, metabolic pathways that regulate these oxygen and 2-OG sensitive enzymes remain poorly understood.
Aurélien Mary et al.
Kidney international, 99(6), 1382-1391 (2021-03-02)
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) expression and function have been extensively studied in parathyroid tissue and vascular tissues. To examine whether similar changes occurred in other tissues, we measured total and surface CaSR expression in monocytes of
Tomohiro Furukawa et al.
Cell chemical biology, 27(11), 1396-1409 (2020-09-06)
Aflatoxin contamination of crops is a serious problem worldwide. Utilization of aflatoxin production inhibitors is attractive, as the elucidation of their modes of action contributes to clarifying the mechanism of aflatoxin production. Here, we identified mitochondrial protease ClpP as the
Miles R Bryan et al.
Human molecular genetics, 28(22), 3825-3841 (2019-10-11)
The molecular etiology linking the pathogenic mutations in the Huntingtin (Htt) gene with Huntington's disease (HD) is unknown. Prior work suggests a role for Htt in neuronal autophagic function and mutant HTT protein disrupts autophagic cargo loading. Reductions in the
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