Merck
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • An apparent threshold dose response in ferrous xylenol-orange gel dosimeters when scanned with a yellow light source.

An apparent threshold dose response in ferrous xylenol-orange gel dosimeters when scanned with a yellow light source.

Physics in medicine and biology (2008-03-28)
Steven Babic, Jerry Battista, Kevin Jordan
ABSTRACT

Freshly prepared radiochromic ferrous xylenol-orange (FX) gels optically scanned with a light source exhibit a threshold dose response that is thermally and wavelength dependent. Correction for this threshold dose leads to accurate dose calibration and better reproducibility in multiple fraction radiation exposures. The objective of this study was to determine the cause of the threshold dose effect and to control it through improved dose calibration procedures. The results of a systematic investigation into the chemical cause revealed that impurities within the various FX gel constituents (i.e. xylenol-orange, gelatin, sulfuric acid and ferrous ammonium sulfate) were not directly responsible for the threshold dose. Rather, it was determined that the threshold dose response stems from a spectral sensitivity to different chemical complexes that are formed at different dose levels in FX gels between ferric (Fe(III)) ions and xylenol-orange (XO), i.e. Fe(III)i:XOj. A double Fe(III)2:XO1 complex preferentially absorbs at longer wavelengths (i.e. yellow), while at shorter wavelengths (i.e. green) the sensitivity is biased toward the single Fe(III)1:XO1 complex. As a result, when scanning with yellow light, freshly prepared FX gels require a minimum concentration of Fe(III) ions to shift the equilibrium concentration to favor the predominant production of the double Fe(III)2:XO1 complex at low doses. This can be accomplished via pre-irradiation of freshly prepared gels to a priming dose of approximately 0.5 Gy or allowing auto-oxidation to generate the startup concentration of Fe(III) ions required to negate the apparent threshold dose response.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Ammonium iron(III) sulfate dodecahydrate, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Ammonium iron(III) sulfate dodecahydrate, ACS reagent, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sulfuric acid, ACS reagent, 95.0-98.0%
Supelco
Xylenol Orange disodium salt, for spectrophotometric determination of metal ions