Pyrogen Testing

Testing for pyrogens is a critical step in ensuring parenteral pharmaceutical product and medical device safety. It is part of the mandatory release tests to avoid life-threatening fever reactions induced by pyrogenic substances. The monocyte activation test (MAT) can detect both endotoxin and non-endotoxin pyrogens in one in vitro test.

Monocyte Activation Test (MAT)

Used to detect both endotoxins and non-endotoxin pyrogens in parenteral products, such as pharmaceuticals and medical devices, the MAT gives an in vitro alternative to conventional animal testing in accordance with regulatory guidelines.

The Rabbit Pyrogen Test and the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL) test are broadly used for pyrogen detection. Both methods use animals and show some limitations. The rabbit pyrogen test shows a lack of robustness as an animal reaction can differ greatly from a human reaction. In the LAL test, only endotoxins are detected causing a safety risk by ignoring non-endotoxin pyrogens that could be present in the tested sample.

To overcome these limitations, the Monocyte-Activation Test (MAT) was introduced in the European Pharmacopoeia in 2010 as a compendial method to replace the Rabbit Pyrogen Test (EP Chapter 2.6.30) and mentioned in FDA guidance for industry.

Please Note: The European Pharmacopoeia Commission took the decision to put an end to the rabbit pyrogen test in accordance with the 3Rs principle considering that the MAT is the best alternative option.
Read the article and discuss further with our Experts to start the move.

PyroMAT™ monocyte activation test for pyrogen testing

PyroMAT® in vitro test to detect endotoxin and non-endotoxin pyrogens

The PyroMAT® system is based on the Mono-Mac-6 cell line and IL-6 read-out. It offers all the advantages of the monocyte activation test combined with the benefits of using a cell line.

  • Detection of a broad range of pyrogens: patient safety is ensured if the full range of pyrogens are tested. Like the rabbit pyrogen test (RPT), MAT is effective for both endotoxin and non-endotoxin pyrogen detection.
  • Extension of the range of products that can be tested: the most frequently applied methods, RPT, Bacterial Endotoxin Test (BET) or LAL, are limited in the product types they are able to test. The MAT offers more flexibility regarding its applications.
  • In vitro assay that mimics the human immune reaction: for a robust predictive model that reduces animal consumption.
  • Compliance with international regulations and guidelines: in line with ethical trends of industry and regulatory authorities to decrease the use of animal-based testing.
  • Standardized reactivity and high sensitivity (LOD 0.05 EU/mL). Convenience of a ready-to-use cell line reduces laborious lab work and avoids the need for a cell culture laboratory.
  • Qualified cells: in addition to being cited in the international validation of MAT, Mono-Mac-6 cells are qualified for the expression of all surface Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) to ensure the detection of a broad range of pyrogens.

To read more about Non-endotoxin Pyrogen Postive Controls click here


Related Product Resources



Non-endotoxin Pyrogen Postive Controls

The European Pharmacopeia Chapter 2.6.30 (Monocyte Activation Test) requires that the preparatory testing includes "at least 2 non-endotoxin ligands for toll-like receptors […]. The choice of non-endotoxin pyrogens used should reflect the most likely contaminants(s) of the preparation being examined."

To respond to this requirement, we are providing an extended range of positive controls:

  • Reflecting several types of contaminants usually found in pharmaceutical production processes (Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, viruses and mycoplasma).
  • Targeting several monocytic toll like receptors (TLR)

Find out more

PyroDetect Monocyte Activation Test

The PyroDetect system is based on cryopreserved human whole blood and IL1β read-out.

PyroDetect monocyte activation test for pyrogen testing
  • Detection of a wide spectrum of pyrogens: like the rabbit pyrogen test (RPT), the MAT detects both endotoxins and NEPs.
  • Extended range of products that can be tested: the most frequently applied methods, RPT, Bacterial Endotoxin Test (BET) and LAL, are limited in the product types they can be used with. The MAT offers greater flexibility regarding its applications.
  • An in vitro assay that mimics the human immune reaction: for a robust predictive model that reduces animal consumption.
  • Compliance with international regulations and guidelines: in line with ethical trends of industry and regulatory authorities to decrease the use of animal-based testing.
  • Cryopreserved blood pooled from 8 donors: to be as close as possible to the human immune reaction to pyrogens.

Optimize or simplify your pyrogen testing method for an easy validation and cost-effective testing with our service offerings:

  • Application services
  • Validation services
  • Training services

Comparison of rabbit, LAL and MAT pyrogen tests

Table 1.Comparison of the rabbit test, limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) assay, PyroDetect system and PyroMAT® kit for pyrogen testing.




Highlights

Monocyte Activation Test: A Powerful Tool to Assess Pyrogenic Risk in Pharmaceutical Process

In this webinar, we discuss how monocyte activation tests performed with the PyroMAT® System detect endotoxin and non-endotoxin pyrogens.

In Vitro Pyrogen Detection in Pharma


Learn how our PyroMAT® system provides a robust solution for in vitro Pyrogen Test in pharma with a ready-to use kit

Monocyte Activation Test Workflow Video

How to use our PyroMAT® system to test for endotoxin and non-endotoxin pyrogens.

Risk Considerations for the Presence of Pyrogens and the Need for the MAT Test in Pharmaceutical Processing

In this lecture, you will learn how to test for pyrogen (including non-endotoxin pyrogens) in your pharmaceutical samples, what are the existing methods in order to have a controlled process.