99.999% trace metals basis
1.673 μΩ-cm, 20°C
2567 °C (lit.)
1083.4 °C (lit.)
8.94 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Flam. Sol. 1
4.1B - Flammable solid hazardous materials
Eyeshields, Gloves, type P1 (EN143) respirator filter, type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges
Permanent magnets are an essential technology for energy conversion. Motors and generators are used to convert energy between electrical and mechanical forms.
Spectral conversion for solar cells is an emerging concept in the field of photovoltaics, and it has the potential to increase significantly the efficiency of solar cells. Lanthanide ions are ideal candidates for spectral conversion, due to their high luminescence efficiencies and rich energy level structure that allows for great flexibility in the upconversion and downconversion of photons in a wide spectral region (NIR-VIS-UV).