Merck
所有图片(1)

320129

Sigma-Aldrich

乙酰氯

reagent grade, 98%

线性分子式:
CH3COCl
CAS号:
分子量:
78.50
Beilstein:
605303
EC 号:
MDL编号:
PubChem化学物质编号:
NACRES:
NA.22

质量水平

200

等级

reagent grade

蒸汽密度

2.7 (vs air)

蒸汽压

11.69 psi ( 20 °C)
32.33 psi ( 55 °C)

测定

98%

形式

liquid

自燃温度

1353 °F

expl. lim.

19 %

折射率

n20/D 1.389 (lit.)

bp

52 °C (lit.)

mp

−112 °C (lit.)

密度

1.104 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC(Cl)=O

InChI

1S/C2H3ClO/c1-2(3)4/h1H3

InChI key

WETWJCDKMRHUPV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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一般描述

乙酰氯可通过与十氢化萘和三氯化铝进行反应,得到三环烯醇醚。在Zn粉和氯化铜的存在下,它可促进烯烃与二溴甲烷或二碘甲烷的环丙烷化反应。在离子液体1-丁基-3-甲基咪唑氯化物中,在MCl3(M = Al或Fe)存在下,乙酰氯与苯的Friedel-Crafts反应可得到乙酰氯的MCl3加合物、乙酰鎓离子[CH3CO] + [MCl4]- 、和苯乙酮的MCl3加合物。

包装

1 kg in PVC-coated bottle

象形图

FlameCorrosion

警示用语:

Danger

危险声明

危险分类

Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B

补充剂危害

储存分类代码

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

闪点(F)

41.0 °F - closed cup

闪点(C)

5 °C - closed cup

分析证书

请输入批号搜索分析证书(COA)。

原产地证书 (CofO)

请输入批号搜索原产地证书(COO)。

Ran Lin et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 20(45), 14885-14899 (2014-09-16)
Treatment of Na[Re(CO)5 ] with RCCCO2 Et (R=phenyl, naphthalen-1-yl, phenanthren-9-yl and pyren-1-yl) followed by reaction with acetyl chloride and ethanol afforded the rhenacyclobutadienes Re{-C(R)C(CO2 Et)C(OEt)}(CO)4 . Reactions of these rhenacyclobutadienes with HCCOEt produced rhenabenzenes Re{-C(R)C(CO2 Et)C(OEt)CHC(OEt)}(CO)4 . Except for R=Ph
Oxetanes. VII. Synthesis from 1, 3-Diols. Reactions of Oxetanes and of 1, 3-Butanediol with Hydrogen Chloride, Hydrogen Bromide and Acetyl Chloride1, 2.
Searles JS, et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 79(4), 952-956 (1957)
In situ infrared spectroscopic studies of the Friedel-Crafts acetylation of benzene in ionic liquids using AlCl3 and FeCl3.
Csihony S, et al.
Green Chemistry, 3(6), 307-309 (2001)
Facile catalyzed acylation of alcohols, phenols, amines and thiols based on ZrOCl 2? 8H 2 O and acetyl chloride in solution and in solvent-free conditions.
Ghosh R, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 46(1), 147-151 (2005)
Catherine L Lyall et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 136(39), 13745-13753 (2014-09-10)
Decalin undergoes reaction with aluminum trichloride and acetyl chloride to form a tricyclic enol ether in good yield, as first reported by Baddeley. This eye-catching transformation, which may be considered to be an aliphatic Friedel-Crafts reaction, has not previously been

技术文章

Friedel–Crafts Acylation

The Friedel–Crafts acylation is the reaction of an arene with acyl chlorides or anhydrides using a strong Lewis acid catalyst. This reaction proceeds via electrophilic aromatic substitution to form monoacylated products.

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