Merck
所有图片(1)

437557

Sigma-Aldrich

乙腈

≥99.5%, ACS reagent

别名:
乙腈, 甲基氰, 氰甲烷, ACN
线性分子式:
CH3CN
CAS号:
分子量:
41.05
Beilstein:
741857
EC 号:
MDL编号:
PubChem化学物质编号:

质量水平

200

等级

ACS reagent

蒸汽密度

1.41 (vs air)

蒸汽压

72.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

测定

≥99.5%

形式

liquid

自燃温度

973 °F

expl. lim.

16 %

technique(s)

solid phase extraction (SPE): suitable

杂质

≤0.3% water
≤0.6 μeq/g Titr. base
≤8 μeq/g Titr. acid

蒸发残留物

≤0.005%

颜色

APHA: ≤10

折射率

n20/D 1.344 (lit.)

bp

81-82 °C (lit.)

mp

−45 °C (lit.)

溶解性

water: soluble

密度

0.786 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC#N

InChI

1S/C2H3N/c1-2-3/h1H3

InChI key

WEVYAHXRMPXWCK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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相关类别

一般描述

Acetonitrile (MeCN), an aliphatic nitrile, is a colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. MeCN has low viscosity, high elution strength and is highly miscible in water. It is widely used as a solvent and intermediate in organic syntheses and is transparent to UV-visible light, making it highly applicable in spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques. It also plays a major role as an extractant medium in liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction or microextraction.

应用

Acetonitrile may be used as solvent in the following processes:
  • Organic synthesis
  • Liquid-liquid extraction, solid-phase extraction or microextraction.
  • Spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques.
  • Electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries
  • Determination of pKa values of organic superbases using the isodensity polarization continuum model (IPCM).

包装

4×4 L in PVC-coated bottle

特点和优势

ACS solvents meet or exceed the high standards of the American Chemical Society (ACS) ,with test specifications that are specialized to every compound. According to the American Chemical Society, ACS reagent grade implies that it is a substance of sufficient purity to be used in most chemical analyses or reactions.

象形图

FlameExclamation mark

警示用语:

Danger

危险分类

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2

储存分类代码

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

闪点(F)

35.6 °F - closed cup

闪点(C)

2.0 °C - closed cup

个人防护装备

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter

分析证书

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原产地证书 (CofO)

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Gary L Lensmeyer et al.
Clinical chemistry, 52(6), 1120-1126 (2006-04-01)
The concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in serum has been designated the functional indicator of vitamin D (VitD) nutritional status. Unfortunately, variability among 25(OH)D assays limits clinician ability to monitor VitD status, supplementation, and toxicity. We developed an HPLC method
Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Arylalkylation of Activated Alkenes: Dual C-H Bond Cleavage of an Arene and Acetonitrile.
Wu T, et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 50(52), 12578-12581 (2011)
Hydrogen peroxide oxygenation of alkanes including methane and ethane catalyzed by iron complexes in acetonitrile.
Shul'pin GB, et al.
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis, 346(2-3), 317-332 (2004)
Liquid phase hydrogenation of acetonitrile to ethylamine over the Co-B amorphous alloy catalyst.
Li H, et al.
J. Catal., 214(1), 15-25 (2003)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 6-6 (1994)

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