Merck
All Photos(2)

W450001

Sigma-Aldrich

氯化胆碱

FCC

Synonym(s):
(2-羟乙基)三甲基氯化铵
Linear Formula:
(CH3)3N(Cl)CH2CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
139.62
FEMA编号:
4500
Beilstein:
3563126
EC 号:
MDL编号:
PubChem化学物质编号:
NACRES:
NA.21

质量水平

400

生物来源

synthetic

等级

Halal
Kosher

reg. compliance

FCC
FDA 21 CFR 117

形式

powder, crystals or chunks

颜色

white

mp

302-305 °C (dec.) (lit.)

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

文件

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

食品过敏原

no known allergens

性状检查

fishy

SMILES string

[Cl-].C[N+](C)(C)CCO

InChI

1S/C5H14NO.ClH/c1-6(2,3)4-5-7;/h7H,4-5H2,1-3H3;1H/q+1;/p-1

InChI key

SGMZJAMFUVOLNK-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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Related Categories

一般描述

Choline chloride (ChCl) is a quaternary ammonium salt. The unusual solvent properties of eutectic mixtures of urea and choline chloride make it useful as a biodegradable ambient-temperature solvent for a number of applications; such as a reaction medium for the synthesis of coordination polymer: Zn(O3PCH2CO2)].NH4. Ethylene glycol/choline chloride and urea based eutectic solvents can be used for the electrodeposition of Zn, Sn and Zn/Sn alloys. Choline chloride.xZnCl2 participates as a catalyst during the reaction between benzaldehyde and neopentyl glycol.

应用

Choline chloride may be used as an analytical reference standard for the determination of choline in biological fluids and dairy products by high-throughput method based on normal-phase chromatography−tandem mass spectrometry and flow injection analysis and amperometric detection with a choline oxidase based biosensor, respectively.

包装

1 kg in poly bottle
5 kg in poly drum

生化/生理作用

丁酰胆碱酯酶(BChE)和对氧磷酯酶1(PON1)是由肝脏合成的并且与炎症相关的血清酶,这两种酶在注射LPS的脓毒症动物模型中的活性降低。氯化胆碱以20mg/kg体重的剂量静脉注射给药,可防止LPS介导的BChE和PON1酶活性降低 。

底物

胆碱乙酰基转移酶底物

储存分类代码

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

闪点(F)

Not applicable

闪点(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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