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D4540

Sigma-Aldrich

二甲基亚砜

≥99.5% (GC), suitable for plant cell culture

别名:
DMSO, 甲基亚砜
线性分子式:
(CH3)2SO
CAS号:
分子量:
78.13
Beilstein:
506008
EC 号:
MDL编号:
PubChem化学物质编号:
NACRES:
NA.71

质量水平

200

蒸汽密度

2.7 (vs air)

蒸汽压

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

测定

≥99.5% (GC)

形式

liquid

自燃温度

573 °F

expl. lim.

42 %, 63 °F

technique(s)

cell culture | plant: suitable
cryopreservation: suitable

杂质

<0.1% water (Karl Fischer)

颜色

colorless

折射率

n20/D 1.479 (lit.)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

mp

16-19 °C (lit.)

溶解性

H2O: miscible (completely)

密度

1.10 g/mL (lit.)

SMILES string

CS(C)=O

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

InChI key

IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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应用

二甲基亚砜已用于:
  • 制备双酚A(BPA)
  • 细胞增殖测定(MTT测定)
  • 化学敏感性测定
  • 用作所有凋亡测定类实验的载体对照
  • 乙氧基试卤灵-O-去乙基化 (EROD)测定

包装

1 L in glass bottle
100, 500 mL in glass bottle

生化/生理作用

DMSO(二甲基亚砜)是一种有机溶剂,具有多种药物活性作用,如止痛、利尿、抑菌、膜渗透、抗炎、血管舒张和胆碱酯酶抑制。它是木材行业的副产品,用作工业溶剂。DMSO还可用作治疗间质性膀胱炎和关节炎的治疗剂。

注意

容易过度冷却,并在室温下缓慢融化固化的产品放在室温下可以再次液化,对其本身无影响。

储存分类代码

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

闪点(F)

188.6 °F - closed cup

闪点(C)

87 °C - closed cup

个人防护装备

Eyeshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter

分析证书

原产地证书 (CofO)

  1. What is the molarity of DMSO?

    DMSO will have a molarity of 14.1M, based on a density of 1.1 g/mL and a molecular weight of 78.13 g/mol.

  2. What is the DMSO dissolved in?

    DMSO is not dissolved in any solvent. It is a pure chemical compound that is a liquid at room temperature.

  3. Where does DMSO come from?

    DMSO is known to have been isolated from tree bark in the past. It is now a commericially synthesized solvent.

  4. What concentration of DMSO do I use in a cell freezing media?

    DMSO is usually used at 1-10%, depending on the cell line.  For the cell freezing media that we offer, it is used at 8.7% concentration.

  5. Does DMSO have any synthetic utility?

    DMSO has been used to oxidize thiols and disulfides to sulfonic acids, hydrolysis of epoxides, thioalkylation of phenols, and oxidation of primary alcohols and halides, and esters of primary alcohols to aldehydes.

  6. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  7. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) should be a liquid.  Why did it arrive as a solid?

    DMSO supercools easily, and re-melts slowly at room temperature. The melting point is 16-19 °C. The solidified product can be re-liquefied by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

  8. What type of filter is used to sterile-filter Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)?

    DMSO can be sterile-filtered through a 0.2 micron PTFE filter. The sterility testing is per the current US Pharmacopoeia method.

  9. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  10. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  11. Is Dimethyl sulfoxide a sterile product?

    No, this product is not considered sterile.  Product Nos. D2560 and D2438 are sterile-filtered.

  12. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  13. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

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