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I6634

Sigma-Aldrich

胰岛素 来源于牛胰腺

powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C254H377N65O75S6
CAS号:
分子量:
5733.49
EC 号:
MDL编号:
NACRES:
NA.77

质量水平

200

产品线

BioReagent

形式

powder

效能

≥25 USP units per mg

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

溶解性

acetic acid: 2 mg/mL (pH: 2-3)
hydrochloric acid: 2 mg/mL (pH: 2-3)

UniProt登记号

运输

ambient

储存温度

−20°C

InChI key

IXIBAKNTJSCKJM-BUBXBXGNSA-N

Gene Information

cow ... INS(280829)

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相关类别

应用

胰岛素在很多哺乳动物细胞培养体系中用作生长因子。

包装

50, 100, 250, 500 mg in poly bottle
1 g in poly bottle

生化/生理作用

由胰岛β-细胞所产生的二链多肽激素。其分子量为~5800 Da。α链和β链是由两个链间二硫键所连接的。α链含有一个链间二硫键。胰岛素可调节细胞对葡萄糖、氨基酸和脂肪酸的摄取、利用和储存,并抑制糖原、蛋白质和脂肪的分解。

其他说明

InChI: 1S/C254H377N65O75S6/c1-29-131(24)205(312-192(334)103-256)250(389)317-204(130(22)23)246(385)287-158(74-81-199(344)345)216(355)281-155(70-77-188(260)330)220(359)307-183-116-399-400-117-184-242(381)305-177(110-321)238(377)293-161(87-122(6)7)223(362)294-167(94-139-52-60-145(324)61-53-139)226(365)282-153(68-75-186(258)328)217(356)289-160(86-121(4)5)221(360)284-157(73-80-198(342)343)219(358)301-173(100-189(261)331)233(372)297-169(96-141-56-64-147(326)65-57-141)229(368)308-182(241(380)303-175(253(393)394)102-191(263)333)115-398-396-113-180(212(351)270-106-193(335)277-152(71-78-196(338)339)215(354)280-150(50-41-83-268-254(264)265)210(349)269-107-194(336)278-165(92-137-45-35-31-36-46-137)225(364)296-166(93-138-47-37-32-38-48-138)228(367)298-170(97-142-58-66-148(327)67-59-142)236(375)318-206(135(28)323)251(390)319-84-42-51-185(319)244(383)285-151(49-39-40-82-255)213(352)276-134(27)252(391)392)310-248(387)202(128(18)19)315-234(373)163(89-124(10)11)291-227(366)168(95-140-54-62-146(325)63-55-140)295-222(361)159(85-120(2)3)288-207(346)132(25)274-214(353)156(72-79-197(340)341)286-245(384)201(127(16)17)314-235(374)164(90-125(12)13)292-231(370)172(99-144-105-267-119-273-144)300-237(376)176(109-320)279-195(337)108-271-211(350)179(112-395-397-114-181(309-243(183)382)240(379)275-133(26)208(347)304-178(111-322)239(378)316-203(129(20)21)249(388)311-184)306-224(363)162(88-123(8)9)290-230(369)171(98-143-104-266-118-272-143)299-218(357)154(69-76-187(259)329)283-232(371)174(101-190(262)332)302-247(386)200(126(14)15)313-209(348)149(257)91-136-43-33-30-34-44-136/h30-38,43-48,52-67,104-105,118-135,149-185,200-206,320-327H,29,39-42,49-51,68-103,106-117,255-257H2,1-28H3,(H2,258,328)(H2,259,329)(H2,260,330)(H2,261,331)(H2,262,332)(H2,263,333)(H,266,272)(H,267,273)(H,269,349)(H,270,351)(H,271,350)(H,274,353)(H,275,379)(H,276,352)(H,277,335)(H,278,336)(H,279,337)(H,280,354)(H,281,355)(H,282,365)(H,283,371)(H,284,360)(H,285,383)(H,286,384)(H,287,385)(H,288,346)(H,289,356)(H,290,369)(H,291,366)(H,292,370)(H,293,377)(H,294,362)(H,295,361)(H,296,364)(H,297,372)(H,298,367)(H,299,357)(H,300,376)(H,301,358)(H,302,386)(H,303,380)(H,304,347)(H,305,381)(H,306,363)(H,307,359)(H,308,368)(H,309,382)(H,310,387)(H,311,388)(H,312,334)(H,313,348)(H,314,374)(H,315,373)(H,316,378)(H,317,389)(H,318,375)(H,338,339)(H,340,341)(H,342,343)(H,344,345)(H,391,392)(H,393,394)(H4,264,265,268)/t131-,132-,133-,134-,135+,149-,150-,151-,152-,153-,154-,155-,156-,157-,158-,159-,160-,161-,162-,163-,164-,165-,166-,167-,168-,169-,170-,171-,172-,173-,174-,175-,176-,177-,178-,179-,180-,181-,182-,183-,184-,185-,200-,201-,202-,203-,204-,205-,206-/m0/s1

外形

powder-0 °C; solution stable 2-8 °C, 1 year

重悬

Insulin has low solubility at neutral pH. It can be solubilized at 2 mg/ml in dilute acetic or hydrochloric acid, pH 2-3.

储存分类代码

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

闪点(F)

Not applicable

闪点(C)

Not applicable

个人防护装备

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)

分析证书

原产地证书 (CofO)

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. What is the comparison between International Units (IU) and USP units for insulin?

    The international unit (IU) of insulin is based on the International Standard Preparation of Bioassay (1958). The standard preparation is a mixture of 52% bovine and 48% porcine insulin, containing 24 units/mg. Reference: Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed., p. 392. High purity bovine pancreatic insulin typically assays at approximately 27 USP units per mg. So the IU and USP unit are not identical, but they are approximately 1:1.

  3. What can be used to make a solution of insulin?

    Insulin is soluble in dilute acids and alkalis. The solubility of insulin is tested at 2 mg/mL in water (acidified to pH 2 with hydrochloric acid). One can also use 1 mL of water acidified to pH 2 with 10 μL of glacial acetic acid to dissolve 2 mg of insulin. A 10 mg/mL solution of bovine insulin in 25 mM HEPES at pH 8.2 is offered as Product No. I0516.

  4. How can I store the insulin solution?  How long?

    The USP recommends that solutions of insulin be stored at 2-8°C. It is not recommended to freeze solutions of insulin, as it can aggregate. Sterile solutions should be stable for at least 1 year at 2-8°C.

  5. What is the amino acid sequence for Product I6634, Insulin from bovine pancreas?

    The sequence and structure of insulin can be found on the product information sheet (under Documents, above).

  6. How many units of insulin are present in my vial of Product I6634, Insulin from bovine pancreas?

    Product No. I6634 has a specification of not less than 27 USP units/mg.  The exact value for the product received can be found the on lot-specific Certificate of Analysis.

  7. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  8. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  9. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  10. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Boah Lee et al.
PloS one, 12(8), e0183569-e0183569 (2017-08-29)
Pancreatic islets can adapt to oscillatory glucose to produce synchronous insulin pulses. Can islets adapt to other oscillatory stimuli, specifically insulin? To answer this question, we stimulated islets with pulses of exogenous insulin and measured their Ca2+ oscillations. We observed
Down-regulation of the mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase gene by insulin: the role of the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1.
Nadal A et al.
The Biochemical Journal, 366, 289-289 (2002)
Lei Zhang et al.
Oncotarget, 7(49), 80382-80390 (2016-11-03)
Pleiotrophin (PTN) augments tumor growth by increasing proliferation of tumor cells and promoting vascular abnormalization, but its role in early gliomagenesis has not been evaluated. Through analysis of publically available datasets, we demonstrate that increased PTN mRNA expression is associated
CCL2/CCR2 chemokine signaling coordinates survival and motility of breast cancer cells through Smad3 protein- and p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-dependent mechanisms.
Fang WB et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287, 36593-36593 (2012)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I gene expression in single neurons of the central nervous system: differential regulation by interferon (IFN)-gamma and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha.
Neumann H et al.
The Journal of Experimental Medicine, 185, 305-305 (1997)

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