Merck

L3012

Sigma-Aldrich

脂多糖 来源于大肠杆菌 0111:B4

purified by gel-filtration chromatography

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别名:
LPS
EC 号:
MDL编号:
NACRES:
NA.25

生物来源

Escherichia coli (O111:B4)

质量水平

形式

lyophilized powder

纯化方式

gel-filtration chromatography

杂质

<1% Protein

颜色

white to faint yellow

溶解性

water: soluble

运输

ambient

储存温度

2-8°C

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此商品
L3024L4130L3023
vibrant-m

L3012

脂多糖 来源于大肠杆菌 0111:B4

vibrant-m

L3024

脂多糖 来源于大肠杆菌 0111:B4

vibrant-m

L4130

脂多糖 来源于大肠杆菌 0111:B4

vibrant-m

L3023

脂多糖 来源于大肠杆菌 0111:B4

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

biological source

Escherichia coli (O111:B4)

biological source

Escherichia coli (O111:B4)

biological source

Escherichia coli (O111:B4)

biological source

Escherichia coli (O111:B4)

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

impurities

<1% Protein

impurities

<1% Protein, <1% RNA

impurities

1-10% Protein (Lowry)

impurities

-

color

white to faint yellow

color

white to yellow cast

color

white to light yellow

color

white to beige

一般描述

该产品是从E. coli血清型 O111:B4中提取,胶过滤纯化。来源菌株由私人提供。该LPS血清型已用于刺激B细胞并诱导人肝细胞的NOS。

应用

脂多糖(LPS)是革兰氏阴性菌细胞壁的特征组分。LPS及其脂质A部分可通过能够识别常见的病原体相关分子模式(PAMP)的Toll样受体蛋白家族成员Toll样受体4(TLR4)刺激先天性免疫系统细胞。

生化/生理作用

脂多糖(LPS)位于膜的外层,并且暴露在无包膜菌株的细胞表面。它们有助于维持外层膜的完整性,并保护细胞免受胆汁盐和亲脂性抗生素的破坏。

制备说明

本品溶于水(5 mg/ml)或细胞培养基(1 mg/ml),得到浑浊的淡黄色溶液。以中更为浓缩但仍然模糊的溶液(20 mg/ml)可形成于涡旋并升温至70-80oC后。脂多糖是在每种溶剂中都形成胶束的分子。在水和磷酸盐缓冲液中都能观察到模糊的溶液。有机溶剂也不会产生更为清澈的溶液。甲醇可产生具有漂浮物的混浊悬浮液,而水则能产生均匀模糊的溶液。

其他说明

为了全面了解我们针对客户研究提供的各种脂多糖产品,建议您访问我们的碳水化合物分类页面。

象形图

Skull and crossbones

警示用语:

Danger

危险声明

危险分类

Acute Tox. 2 Oral

储存分类代码

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

闪点(°F)

Not applicable

闪点(°C)

Not applicable


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Rong Huang et al.
Bone research, 5, 17019-17019 (2017-12-22)
The activation of M1 macrophages can be achieved by stimulating them with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ). However, M1 can be found under physiological conditions without any pathological stimuli. This study aimed to understand the involvement of RANKL-induced M1 macrophages
Matthew G Frank et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 73, 352-363 (2018-05-29)
Exposure to stressors induces anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors, which are mediated, in part, by neuroinflammatory processes. Recent findings demonstrate that treatment with the immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory bacterium, Mycobacterium vaccae (M. vaccae), attenuates stress-induced exaggeration of peripheral inflammation and stress-induced anxiety-like
Zhongjie Li et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97539-e97539 (2014-05-16)
Antimicrobial peptides have attracted much interest as a novel class of antibiotics against a variety of microbes including antibiotics resistant strains. In this study, a new cationic antimicrobial peptide Hp1404 was identified from the scorpion Heterometrus petersii, which is an
Susanne A Wolf et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 23(9), 3121-3128 (2009-05-13)
To understand the link between peripheral immune activation and neuronal precursor biology, we investigated the effect of T-cell activation on adult hippocampal neurogenesis in female C57Bl/6 mice. A peripheral adaptive immune response triggered by adjuvant-induced rheumatoid arthritis (2 microg/microl methylated
Norihiko Takeda et al.
Genes & development, 24(5), 491-501 (2010-03-03)
Hypoxic response and inflammation both involve the action of the hypoxia-inducible transcription factors HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha. Previous studies have revealed that both HIF-alpha proteins are in a number of aspects similarly regulated post-translationally. However, the functional interrelationship of these two

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Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the major component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharide is localized in the outer layer of the membrane and is, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface.

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